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What is an IVP? Intravenous pyelogram-injection of an iodie-based contrast medium that is used to define the structures of the urinary system.
What are the signs of cancer of urinary bladder? Microscopic hematuria one of the first symptomsLinked to cigarette smoking, industrial chemicals, and ingested toxins
What are the signs of cystitis? Frequency, burning, dysuria, and urgency are common symptoms.Inflammation of the urinary bladder.
What are the signs of Glomerulonephritis Chills, fever, weakness are common symptoms.Caused by degenerative inflammation of glomeruli.treatment: diuretics, antihypertensives, dialysis, kidney transplant
What are the signs of Polycystic Kidneys Hypertension, kidney failure, and death can result.A congenital anomalytreatment:dialysis, kidney transplant
What are the signs of Pyelonephritis Pyuria, chills, fever, sudden back pain are symptoms.Caused by pyogenic bacteriatreatment:Appropriate antibiotics
What are the signs of Renal Calculi May be present with or without symptoms, cause intense pain when they lodge in the ureter. Urinary urgency, nausea and vomiting, feverformed by certain salts.treatment:Appropriate antibiotics
What is a sigmoidoscopy? diagnostic examination of the interior of the sigmoid colon. it is metal or plastic, instrument with a light source and a magnifying lens.
What are the signs of Appendicitis Characterized by pain, nausea, vomiting, and feverAcute inflammation of the appendixtreatment: Appendectomy
What are the signs of Cholecystitis Usual cause is gall stones but other causes may be bacteria or chemical irritants.inflammation of the gallbladdertreatment:cholecystectomy
What are the signs of colon cancer Change in bowel habits, diarrhea or constipation, and abdominal discomfort as tumor growsTreatment:Colectomy, radiation, chemotherapy
What are the signs of crohn's disease? right lower quadrant pain, and attacks of diarrhea and frequent blood in the stoolchronic disease that exhibits inflammation of the ileumtreatment:antibiotics, antiinflammatories, surgery
What are the sings of diverticulitis? Pain, ctamplike, usually in left side of abdomeninflammation of diverticula usually caused by impacted feces or bacteria in the sacstreatment:antibiotics, surgery
what are the signs of Gastroenteritis nausea, vomiting and diarrheainflammation of the stomach and intestinal tract may be caused by ingestion of pathogentreatment:maintain electrolyte balance, antibiotics
What are the signs of Gastritis? stomach discomfort, nausea, or vomitinginflammation of the stomach liningtreatment:Antacid, antibiotics if needed
What are the signs of gastroesophageal reflux disease(GERD) heartburn and discomfort behind the sternumvalve in the lower esophagus leaks cuasing stomach acid to back up from the stomach to the esophagustreatment:diet modification, weight loss
What are the signs fo hepatitis? hepatomegaly, anorexia, and jaundiceinflammation of the liver caused by infection from a virustreatment:hepatitis A:immunoglobulin hep C: medication
What is a hiatal hernia? Congenital or traumatic protrusion of stomach through the diaphragm into the chest cavity.Treatment:antacids, elevate head of bed for sleep, avoid food that irritate stomach and esophagus, avoid overeating
What are the signs of Pancreatitis pancreatic enzymes begin to digest the pancreas causing necrosis and hemorrhage.inflammation of the pancreastreatment:analgesics, diet modifcation
What is the leading causes of cancer deaths in the US? Pancreatic cancer
What is hematochezia? bright red blood in feces
what is hematemesis? vomiting blood
what is melena? blood in feces
What is perforate? a hole caused by ulceration and hemorrhage ensues
what is peritonitis? infectious organisms enter the membrane covering the internal organs.
What is an endoscopy? viewing within the body with a lighted scope.
What is a Fecal Occult blood test? examination of fecal sample for occult(hidden)blood.
What are the chambers of the eye? Sclera, Cornea, Iris, Pupil, Anterior chamber, posterior chamber, lens, posterior cavity, posterior sclera, choroid layer, retina.
What does the sclera do? white area covering the outside of the eye except over the pupil and iris
What does the Cornea do? clear tissue covering the pupil and iris
What does the Iris do? round disk of smooth and radial muscles giving the eye its color
What does the pupil do? round opening in the iris that changes size as the iris reacts to light and dark
what does the anterior chamber do? space between cornea and iris/pupil filled with clear fluid called aqueous humor
what does the posterior chamber do? space between the iris and lens that is filled with aqueous humor
what does the lens do? clear fibers enclosed in a membrane that refract and focus light to the retina
what does the posterior cavity do? the space in the posterior part of the eyeball filled with thick, gelatinous material called vitreous humor
what does the posterior sclera do? white opaque layer covering the posterior part of the eyeball
what does the charoid layer do? the layer between the sclera and retina containing blood vessels
what does the retina do? the inside layer of the posterior part of the eye that receives the light rays
What does the Jaeger test doe? checking for clear vision to close objects
What is the color vision test called? the Ishihara test:small book containing pages composed of varying sized and colored circles and inside the circles are numbers or lines that can be traed.
What does the Snellen chart do? checks to see if you are farsighted
What is the hearing organ? Cochlea
What is the hammer malleus
what is the anvil incus
what is the stirrup stapes
What is external otitis swimmer's ear Inflammation of ear canal
Otitis media acute infection of the middle ear usually caused by bacteria
Otosclerosis deafness caused by hardening of the stapes
meniere's disease deafness, vertigo, nausea, and tinnitus probable cause is edema of the labyrinth
impacted cerumen caused by accumulation of hardened cerumen that has built up against the tympanic membrane.
What are the signs of asthma? inflammation and spasm of the smooth muscle of the bronchi brought on by an allergen or emotional upsets. dyspnea and wheezing
what are the signs fo bronchitis Inflammation of the bronchi, caused by viral or bacterial infection with a dry, painful cough, progressing to a productive cough of greenish yellow sputum.
what are the signs of emphysema? enlargement of the alveoli due to lost elasticity, usually brought on by a long-time irritant. dyspnea, chronic cough, weight loss, and the appearance of a barrel chest.
what are the signs of influenza a viral infection of various strains of the upper respiatory tract. sudden chills, fever, cough, sore throat, gastrointestinal disorders.
what are the signs of laryngitis hoarseness, cough, aphonia caused by infeciton from nose or throat.
what are the signs of nasal polyp a tumor of the nose that can bleed easily
what are the signs of pharyngitis inflammation of the pharynx caused by a bacteria, virus, or an irritant. difficulty in swallowing, pain, redness, and inflammation of the pharynx.
What are the signs of pleurisy inflammation of the pleura caused by bacteria or viruses. pain, fever, cough, chills, and dyspnea
what are the signs fo pneumonia inflammation of the lungs cuased by bacteria, fungi, viruses, and chemical irritants. chills, fever , chest pain, cough, and purulent sputum. sore throat, fever and lymphadenopathy
What is aphasia inability to speak
what does cranial nerve I do? aroma identification
what does cranial nerve II visual acuity, visual fields, optic disk
what does cranial nerve III, IV, and VI do? extraocular eye muscles
what does cranial nerve V do? sensations of the face, scalp, teeth
what does cranial nerve VII do? facial expressions, taste
What tests do you do to check for neurologic examination? Cerebral function:memory, muscle coordination, sensory interpretation, posture and gaitMotor function:muscle tone, strength, muscle mass, twitchingSensory function:touchDeep tendon refleses: extremities
What are some of the additional tests you can doe for a neurologic examination? angiography:visualization of the circulation of the blood throughout the brainComputerized tomography(CT): helps to diagnose hemorrhage and tumorsElectroencephalography(EEG)records the electrical activity of the brainMagnetic resonance imaging(MRI)
What is Bell's palsy paralysis of seventh cranial nerve caused by an acute inflammation. facial paralysis and pain
what is epilepsy spisodes of seizures caused by changes in electrical brain potentials that result in disturbed brain impulses or function
what is meningitis inflammation of the membranes of the spinal cord or brain
multiple sclerosis chronic progressive disease characterized by demyelination of nerve fibers.
Parkinson's disease degeneration of brain cells due to lack of dopamine in the brain.
What does a PKU check for iron deficiency anemia, lead poisoning, and hypothyroidism
What are the appointments after birth? 1,2,4,6,9,12,15,18,24months, and yearly thereafter
When are most of the recommended vaccines to be administered 15 to 18 months of life
When are boosters given on school entry and again every 10 years
When giving injections to infants from birth to 2 years of age where do you inject? vastus lateralis muscle: outside of leg
When can a child hold up its head? 4 months old
When can an oral temperature be taken? 5 years old
where are the sites to take a temperature? oral, aural, rectal, axillary
Where do you take an childs pulse? the apical pulse located at the fifth intercostal space left side, midclavicular line. between the fifth and sixth ribs in the middle of the clavicle usually below the nipple
Where do you look for respiration in the infant stomach
What is Otitis Media? inflammation of the middle ear
What is Pediculosis? infestation with the head louse
Created by: Seanmorrone