Busy. Please wait.

Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.

By signing up, I agree to StudyStack's Terms of Service and Privacy Policy.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the email address associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove ads
Don't know (0)
Know (0)
remaining cards (0)
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards

Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how


Medical Terminology Chapter 11-Respiratory

Respiratory System is divided into upper respiratory tract and lower respiratory tract
*Upper respiratory tract consists of nose,pharynx and larynx
*Lower respiratory tract consists of trachea, bronchi and lungs
Physical exam methods of respiratory system inspection,palpation,auscultation,percussion
Common repiratory signs and symptoms apnea, bradypnea, dysphonia, epistaxis, expectoration(hemoptysis), hypoxemia, hypoxia, orthopnea, rhinorrhea, tachypnea
Identify the pathway of air as it travels from the nose to the capillaries of the lungs nose>nasal cavity>paranasal sinuses>pharynx(naso-, oro-, laryngo-pharynx)>larynx>trachea>bronchi>bronchioles>alveoli
2 respirations of the respiratory system external respiration and internal respiration
Adenoids lymphatic tissue forming a prominence on the wall of the recess of the nasopharynx
Alveoli air cells of the lungs;known as thepulmonary parenchyma (functional unit of the lungs)
Apex of lungs the upper portion of the lung, rising about 2.5 to 5cm above the collarbone
Base of lung lowest part of the lung, resting on the diaphragm
Bronchi the 2 main branches leading from the trachea to the lungs, providing the passageway for air movement.
Bronchiole one of the smaller subdivisions of the bronchial tubes.
Capillaries any of the tiny blood vessels
Diaphragm the musculomembranous wall separating the abdomen from the thoracic cavity.
Epiglottis a thin leaf-shaped structure located immediately posterior to the root of the tongue;covers the entrance of the larynx when the individual swallows
Glottis the sound-producing apparatus of the larynx consisting of the two vocal folds and the intervening space
Laryngalgia pain in the larynx
Laryngopharynx lower portion of the pharynx that extends from the vestibule of the larynx(the portion just above the vocal cords) to the lowermost cartilage of the larynx.
Mediastinum the mass of organs and tissues separating the lungs. It contains the heart,aorta,trachea,esophagus, and bronchi.
Nares external nostrils
Nasopharynx part of the pharynx located above the soft palate (postnasal space)
Oropharynx central portion of the pharynx lying between the soft palate and upper portion of the epiglottis
Palatine tonsils Lymphatic tissue located in the depression of the mucous membrane of fauces(the contricted opening leading from the mouth and the oral pharynx) and the pharynx.
Paranasal sinuses hollow areas or cavities within the skull that communicate with the nasal cavity.
Parietal pleura portion of the pleura that is closest to the ribs.
*Pharynx passageway for air from nasal cavity to larynx and food from mouth to esophagus. Serves both the respiratory and digestive systems;the throat.
Phrenic nerve the nerve known as the motor nerve to the diaphragm.
Pleura the double-folded membrane that lines the thoracic cavity.
Pleural space the space that separates the visceral and parietal pleurae, which contains a small amount of lfluid that acts as a lubricant to the pleural surfaces during respiration.
Pulmonary parenchyma the functional units of the lungs (for example, the alveoli) which have very thin walls that allow for the exchange of gases between the lungs and the blood.
Septum a wall dividing two cavities.
Thorax the chest; that part of the body between the base of the neck and the diaphragm.
*Trachea a cylinder-shaped tube lined with rings of cartilage (to keep it open) that is 4.5 inches long, from the larynx to the bronchial tubes; the windpipe.
Visceral pleura portion of the pleura that is closest to the internal organs.
Alveol/o alveolus
Bronch/o bronchus
Bronchiol/o bronchus
Epiglott/o epiglottis
Laryng/o larynx
Nas/o nose
*Orth/o straight
*Pector/o chest
Pharyng/o pharynx
Phren/o mind;also refers to the diaphragm
Pleur/o pleura
Pne/o breathing
Pneum/o lungs;air
*Pneumon/o lungs;air
Pulmon/o lungs
*Rhin/o nose
-scope an instrument used to view
sinus/o sinus
thor/a chest
*thorac/o chest
trache/o trachea
*apnea temp cessation of breating;”without breathing”
*bradypnea abnormally slow breathing
*cough non-productive;dry cough and productive;wet cough
cyanosis slightly bluish, grayish, slatelike, or dark discoloration of the skin due to presence of abnormal amounts of reduced hemoglobin in the blood
*dysphonia difficulty in speaking; hoarseness
dyspnea air hunger; labored or difficult breathing
*epistaxis hemorrhage from the nose; nosebleed
*expectoration the act of spitting out saliva or coughing up materials from the air passageways leading to the lungs.
*Hemoptysis expectoration of blood arising from the oral cavity, larynx, trachea, bronchi, or lungs.
Hypercapnia increased amount of carbon dioxide in the blood.
*Hypoxemia insufficient oxygenation of arterial blood.
*Hypoxia deficiency of oxygen.
Kussmaul respirations very deep, gasping type of respiration associated with severe diabetic acidosis
*Orthopnea respiratory condition in which there is discomfort in breathing in any but erect, sitting, or standing position.
Pleural rub friction rub caused by inflammation of the pleural space.
Rales an abnormal sound heard on auscultation of the chest, produced by passage of air through bronchi that contain secretion or exudate or that are constricted by spasm or a thickening of their walls, also known as crackle.
*Rhinorrhea is thin, watery discharge from the nose
Rhonchi Rales or rattlings in the throat, especially when it resembles snoring
Stridor Harsh sound during respiration,,High pitched and resembling the blowing of wind, due to obstruction of air passages
*Tachypnea Abnormal rapidity of breathing
Wheeze Whistling sound or sighing sound resulting from narrowing of the lumen of a respiratory Passageway
Coryza Inflammation of the respiratory mucous membranes,Also known as the “common cold”
Laryngitis Inflammation of the larynx, usually resulting in hoarseness, cough, and difficulty swallowing
Pharyngitis Inflammation of the pharynx, usually resulting in sore throat
*Rhinitis Inflammation of the mucous membranes of the nose (upper respiratory)
Sinusitis Inflammation of a sinus, especially a paranasal sinus
Tonsillitis Inflammation of the palatine tonsils: tonsils appear enlarged and red with yellowish exudate
Asthma Paroxysmal dyspnea accompanied by wheezing caused by a spasm of the bronchial tubes or by swelling of their mucous membrane
*Bronchiectasis Chronic dilatation of a bronchus or bronchi, with secondary infection that usually involves the lower portion of the lung, Bronchial walls may become permanently distended by severe coughing(lower respiratory)
*Bronchitis Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the bronchial tubes
Acute Bronchitis Causes are viral infection, bacterial infection, and airborne irritants
*Chronic Bronchitis Primarily associated with cigarette smoking or exposure to pollution
*know the difference between bronchitis and bronchiectasis (see each definition)
*Emphysema Chronic pulmonary disease characterized by increase beyond the normal in the size of air spaces distal to the terminal bronchiole, either from dilation of the alveoli or from destruction of their walls
Empyema Pus in a body cavity, especially in the pleural cavity,Usually the result of a primary infection in the lungs
Influenza Highly contagious viral infection,Transmitted by airborne droplets,Symptoms include sore throat, cough, fever, muscular pain, generalized weakness
Lung Abscess A localized collection of pus formed by the destruction of lung tissue and microorganisms by white blood cells,Usually produces pneumonia-like symptoms
Pleural Effusion Accumulation of fluid in the pleural space, resulting in compression of the underlying portion of the lung, with resultant dyspnea,Usually secondary to some other disease
Pleuritis (Pleurisy) Inflammation of both the visceral and parietal pleura
Pneumonia inflammation of the lungs caused primarily by bacteria, viruses, and chemical irritants
Pneumothorax Collection of air or gas in the pleural cavity,Air enters as the result of a perforation through the chest wall or the pleura covering the lung
Pulmonary Edema Swelling of the lungs caused by an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the lungs, either in the alveoli or the interstitial spaces
*Pulmonary Embolism Obstruction of one or more pulmonary arteries by a thrombus that dislodges from another location and is carried to the vessels of the lung
Pulmonary Heart Disease(cor pulmonale) Hypertrophy of the right ventricle resulting from disorders of the lungs, pulmonary vessels, or chest wall, Heart failure resulting from pulmonary disease
Tuberculosis Infectious disease caused by the tubercle bacillus, Mycobacterium tuberculosis and characterized by Inflammatory infiltrations, formation of tubercles, and caseous (cheeselike) necrosis in the tissues of the lungs
Anthracosis Accumulation of carbon deposits in the lungs due to breathing smoke or coal dust,Also known as black lung disease or coal worker’s pneumoconiosis
Asbestosis Lung disease resulting from inhalation of asbestos particles
Byssinosis A lung disease resulting from inhalation of cotton, flax, and hemp,Also known as brown lung disease
Silicosis Lung disease resulting from inhalation of silica (quartz) dust,Small nodules form in the lungs
Bronchoscopy Examination of interior of bronchi using a lighted, flexible bronchoscope (or endoscope)
Laryngoscopy Examination of interior of the larynx using a lighted, flexible tube known as a laryngoscope (or endoscope)
Lung scan Visual imaging of the distribution of ventilation or blood flow in the lungs after administration of radioactive material
Pulmonary function tests Variety of tests performed to assess respiratory function
Sputum specimen A specimen of material expectorated from the mouth, which may contain material from the throat and bronchi
Thoracentesis Procedure that involves the use of a needle to collect pleural fluid for laboratory analysis, or to remove excess pleural fluid or air from the pleural space
Tonsillectomy Surgical removal of the palatine tonsils
Tuberculin skin test (TST) Used to determine past or present tuberculosis infection in the body,Based on positive skin reaction to the introduction of a purified protein derivative (PPD) of the tubercle bacilli
*ABGs arterial blood gases
AFB acid-fast bacilli
AP anteroposterior(meaning “from the front to the back”)
ARD acute respiratory disease (or distress)
ARDS adult respiratory distress syndrome
ARF acute respiratory failure
CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
CO2 carbon dioxide
*COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation
*CXR chest x-ray
DPT diphtheria, pertussis(whooping cough), and tentanus immunization
IPPB intermittent positive pressure breathing
LLL left lower lobe (of lung)
*LUL left upper lobe (of lung)
O2 oxygen
PA posteroanterior meaning “from the back to the front”
PaCO2 partial pressure of carbon dioxide dissolved in blood
PaO2 partial pressure of oxygen dissolved in the blood
PCP pneumocystis carinii pneumonia
PFTs pulmonary function test(s)
PPD purified protein derivative; substance used in intradermal test for tuberculosis; now called TST
R respiration
RDS respiratory distress syndrome
RLL right lower lobe (of the lung)
RML right middle lobe (of the lung)
RUL right upper lobe (of the lung)
SIDS sudden infant death syndrome
*SOB shortness of breath
*T&A onsillectomy and adenoidectomy
TB tuberculosis
TPR temperature, pulse, and respiration
TST tuberculin skin test
URI upper respiratory infection
*3 major functions of the resiratory system exchange of gases between body and air,provides oxygen for the body cells for energy, removes carbon dioxide (wastes) from the body
*difference between larynx, pharynx and trachea (see definitions)
*difference between external and internal respiration (see definitions)
*COPD/chronic bronchitis connection Chronic bronchitis leads to scarring of lining of bronchial tubes.Over time, the lining of the bronchial tubes becomes thickened, an irritating cough develops, and air flow affected, lungs become scarred. This and pulmonary emphysema are COPD.
Created by: kcannon