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Curta's Ch 3 Geo

Curta's Chapter 3 Geography

authoritarian type of government in which the leaders hold almost all of the political power
democracy type of government in which the people choose their leaders and determine government policy
emigrant person who leaves a country to live elsewhere
culture hearth area where cultural ideas begin and from which they spread
diffusion process by which cultural traits move from one culture to another
birthrate number of live births each year per 1,000 people
immigrant person who moves into a country
urbanization growth of city populations
federation political system in which power is shared by the national government and smaller political units
sovereignty a country’s freedom from outside control
population density average number of people in a square mile or a square kilometer
totalitarianism type of government in which the leaders hold almost all of the political power
cultural divergence the restriction of a culture from outside influences
monarchy authoritarian government in which people inherit their positions
culture beliefs and actions that define a group of people’s way of life
rural countryside
cultural convergence process of adapting traits from other cultures
market economy economic system in which means of production and distribution are privately owned and operated for profit
command economy economic system based on the state making all economic decisions
dictatorship type of government in which rulers often gain and keep power by military force
unitary system political system in which a central government makes laws for an entire nation
Where do most people in Europe and the United States live? in urban areas
What makes up a country’s nonmaterial culture? religion, language, and government
What would you expect to find in a country with zero population growth? more or less equal birthrates and death rates
What is the primary reason the earth’s population is unevenly distributed? natural obstacles greatly restrict where people can live
mixed economy Free market and government jointly make economic decisions
Describe the general trend in world population since 1950? The world population has grown extremely fast over the past fifty years
To be considered a country, what must an area have? a clearly defined territory, population, and sovereign government
The United States has what kind of government structure? federation
Created by: aleksa