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BIO202

Chapt. 3,4,5 Review

QuestionAnswer
The slowest step in the clotting process is production of prothrombin activator
Which of the following is a regulatory function of blood?
Place the following in correct developmental sequence. 1. Reticulocyte 2. Proerythrocyte 3. Normoblast 4. Late Erythroblast 2,4,3,1
Which of the following is not a phase of erythropoiesis? Increased tissue demand for oxygen
No visable cytoplasmic granules are in: Monocytes
Which of the following is not a phase in hemostasis? fibronylsis.
A lack of intrinsic factor, leading to a deficiency in vitamin B12 and large pale cells called macrocytes, is a characteristic of: Pernicious anemia.
All of the following can be expected with polycythemia except: Low blood viscosity.
What is the blood volume in liters of an average adult male? 5-6 liters
What is the blood volume in liters of an average adult female? 4-5 Liters
most numerous leukocyte: neutrophil
granulocytes eosinophil, basophil, neutrophil
also called an erythrocyte; anucleate formed element red blood cell
actively phagocytic leukocytes monocyte and neutrophil
agranulocytes monocyte and lymphocyte
ancestral cell of platelets megakaryocyte
number rises during parasitic infections eosinophil
releases histamine; promotes inflammation basophil
many formed in lymphoid tissue lymphocyte
increases in number during prolonged infections monocyte
abnormal increase in the number of WBCs: leukocytosis
abnormal increase in the number of RBCs: polycythemia
condition of too few RBCs or of RBCs with hemoglobin deficiencies: anemia
abnormal decrease in the number of WBCs: leukopenia
What are the normal values for healthy male adults for total WBC counts? 4,000-11,000 /cubic mm
What are the normal values for healthy male adults for total RBC counts? 5 X 10^6 /cubic mm
What are the normal values for healthy male adults for hematocrit? 42-52 volume%
What are the normal values for healthy male adults for hemoglobin determination? 13-18g /100 ml blood
What are the normal values for healthy male adults for bleeding time? 2-7 min
What are the normal values for healthy male adults for sedimentation rate? 0-6 mm/hr
What are the normal values for healthy male adults for coagulation time? 3-6 min
What is the significance of a high WBC value? infection, leukemia
What is the significance of a low WBC value? chemical toxicity, agranulocytosis
What is the significance of a high RBC value? polycythemia due to high altitude, pulmonary disease
What is the significance of a low RBC value? anemia
What is the significance of a high hematocrit value? polycythemia, abnormally large RBC's
What is the significance of a low hematocrit value? anemia
What is the significance of a high hemoglobin determination? polycythemia
What is the significance of a low hemoglobin determination anemia
What is the significance of a high bleeding time? deficient or abnormal platelets
What is the significance of a low bleeding time? high platelet count
What is the significance of a high sedimentation rate value? anemia, infection, tissue damage
What is the significance of a low sedimentation rate? abnormally shaped RBC
What is the significance of a high coagulation time? Hemophilia, leukemia
What is the significance of a low coagulation time? thromboembolytic disorders
What is the normal, or at least the "desirable" range for plasma cholesterol concentration in mg/ 100 ml? 130-200
The rarest leukocyte is Basophil
A _____ is a committed granular leukocyte stem cell. Myeloblast
Hemoglobin consists of _____ polypeptide chains. 4
The formed element ______ can kill paracitic worms. Eosinophil
? is an antiprostoglandin drug that inhibits thromboxaneA2 formation Aspirin
When monocytes migrate to interstitial spaces, they are called ________. Macrophages
The lining of the heart Endocardium
The outermost layer of the serous pericardium Parietal
Serous layer covering the heart muscle Epicardium
Found in the interventricular septum AV Bundle
Network found in the ventricular myocardium Purkinje Fibers
location of the heart in the thorax: mediastinum
inferior heart chambers: ventricles
superior heart chambers atria
visceral pericardium epicardium
anteroom of the heart atria
provide nutrient blood to the heart corornary arteries
lining of the heart chambers endocardium
actual pumps of the heart ventricles
drains blood into the right atrium coronary sinus
List the elements of the intrinsic conduction system in order starting from the SA node. AV node, AV bundle, L and R bundle branches, Purkinje fibers, SA node
during the P wave depolarization of atria
immediately before the P wave heart is in diastole
immediately after the P wave contraction of atria
during the QRS wave depolarization of ventricles
immediately after the QRS wave (S-T interval) contraction of ventricles
during the T wave repolarization of ventricles
Extremely rapid but coordinated heart activity, e.g. atrial flutter = 300 beats/min Flutter
Heart rate below 60 beats / min bradycardia
Heart rate over 100 beats/min tachycardia
Region of dead myocardium that does not depolarize myocardial infarction
Very rapid uncoordinated myocardial activity. Fibrillation
Which would be more serious, atrial or ventricular fibrillation? Ventricular
Site where blood pressure is the lowest Large Veins
Site where exchanges of food and gases are made Capillaries
Site where velocity of blood flow is the fastest Large Arteries
Site where resistance to blood flow is the greatest Arterioles
Site where blood pressure is the greatest Large Arteries
Site where blood volume is the greatest Large Arteries
Site that is the major determinant of peripheral resistance Arterioles
Site where velocity of blood flow is the slowest Capillaries
Supplies the kidneys Renal Artery
Artery that does not anastomose Renal Artery
Supplies the duodenum and stomach. Common hepatic artery
Supplies the distal area of the large intestine. Common hepatic artery
Supplies the pelvic structures Internal Iliac artery
Drains the scalp External jugular vein
Drains the upper extermities, deep vein Subclavian Vein
innermost tunic: tunica interna
bulky middle tunic contains smooth muscle and elastin tunica media
tunic(s) of capillaries tunica interna
its smooth surface decreases resistance to blood flow tunica interna
tunic(s) of arteries and veins interna, media, externa
is especially thick in elastic arteries media
The hepatic portal vein is formed by the union of the splenic vein
hepatic portal vein drains spleen, pancreas, greater curvature of stomach, superior mesenteric
drains the lesser curvature of the stomach, empties directly into the hepatic portal vein. gastric
superior mesenteric small intestine and ascending colon
What two paired arteries enter the skull to supply the brain? Internal carotids and Vertebral
What portion of the brain is served by the anterior and middle cerebral arteries. cerebral hemispheres or cerebrum
Both the anterior and middle cerebral arteries arise from the internal ________ arteries. carotid
Created by: Christopher Dietrich Christopher Dietrich on 2009-05-08



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