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Geography final1

same or very similar innovation is separately developed at different places by different people independent invention
wavelike spread of ideas in manner of contagious disease contagious diffusion
a grouping of similar places region
specific trait is rejected but under lying idea is accepted stimulus diffusion
doesnt have to be homogenous functional cultural region
"to deserve the Earth" Greek geography
the relationship of various elements within a culture cultural interaction
mental images of physical environment, shaped by knowledge, ignorance, experience, values, and emotions environmental perception
idividuals or groups with particular ideas or practices migrate from one location to another relocation diffusion
cultural borders overlap and mix border ones or transition zones
region perceived to exist by its inhabitants vernacular cultural region
ideas leapfrog from one important person to another or from one urban center to another hierarchical diffusion
meeting ground of cultures and physical geographers cultural ecology
central points where functions are coordinated and directed node
geographical unit based n characteristics and functions of culture cultural region
learned, collective, human behavior, form a way of life held in common by a group of people culture
one part of geography, complementing physical geography, deals with natural environment cultural geography
area inhibited by people who have one or more cultural traits in common (language, religion, system of livelihood) formal cultural region
ideas or practices spread throughout a population, from area to area snowballing process cultural diffusion
all of the built forms that cultural groups create in inhabiting the earth; roads, fields, cities cultural landscape
humans are clay bolded by nature, or the environment determines the way people live environmental determinism
people, rather than their environments are the architects of culture, the physical environment offers a number of ways for a culture develop possiblism
mental images of the physical environment are shaped by knowledge, ignorance experience, values, and emotions; environmental perception
5 themes of geography cultural regions, diffusion, ecology, interaction, landscape
a change in one aspect of culture will reflect another aspect functional interdependence
heartland or center of a culture and where it comes from culture hearth
a way that people respond to the environment and find a way to live with the challenges that are presented to them adaptive strategy
questions that geographers ask v. questions that historians ask geographers: where and why; focus on places and concern with spatial variation; relationship between people and the environment
what is culture? example of cultural traits a total way of life held in common by a group of people, including learned features such as speech behavior, technology, and government
scope of geography broad, includes history, geology, economics, environmental sciences, climatology
3 types of cultural regions and examples vernacular - Dixie
physical barrier stops the spread of a culture b/c of environmental barrier
absorbing barrier completely halts diffsion; islamic government banning television
cultural barrier language
permeable barrier weakens the spread; school board or principal
core/periphery pattern away from the center of culture, characteristics weaken and become fewer in number; no two places are ever exactly alike
3 types of expansion diffusion heirarchical- top to bottom
4 schools of thought in cultural ecology 1.environmental determinists
what is meant be reading the landscape cultural landscape produces interpretive potential, you can tell peoples values, livelihood by the landscape.
Created by: meganmcgee