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kylies New France

New France

QuestionAnswer
Seigneurs -Landlord who rented out land to farmers along the St.Lawrence River -They would divide one large piece of land into smaller pieces of land
Habitants -French settlers who farmed a small plot about the size of a football field this was not large enough to support a large family -They learned how to fish, hunt, harvest timber, and trap animals -They paid the Seigneurs in produce/$ (paper)
Coureurs De Bois -"Runners of the Woods" (French explorers) -They would travel deep into forests of new France to trade furs with the first nations to build stronger relationships with the First Nations people they would sometimes live with the First Nations or (paper)
Voyagers -Professional canoeists who worked for the trading companies -Their job was to transport furs through the narrow waterways so they could be transported into France to be turned into goods(fur hats) -They could not sell or trade furs
Religion -The only religion that was acceptable in New France was catholic -If you were not catholic then you could not settle in New France -Against their will First Nations were forced to convert and practice the catholic religion
The Jesuits -A.K.A. the "Black Robes" -Job was to spread the catholic religion -they built schools for boys in New France -Built Catholic Churches in New France -They unknowingly carried diseases and wiped out entire First Nation colonies
Ursuline Nuns -They would spread the catholic religion -Built schools for girls in New France -Built and ran hospitals in New France
King Louis XIV -Established a royal colony in New France -Organized the settlement of New France including Mercantilism -He was an absolute Monarch
Seigneurial System -Long and narrow plots along the St.Lawrence River -The king of France granted land in New France to Seigneurs -It would be divided and farmed by habitants
Mercantilism ********* 1.Mother country sends explorers to their colony -on ships 2.Natural resources are collected/harvested from the colony-fur 3.Natural resources are transported back to mother country and turned into goods-fur hats 4.Goods are sold to mother country
Colonization -Mother country brings another separate region under its control
Treaty of Utrencht 1713 when Spain's king died and France wanted to take over. European countries team up with Spain and defended Spain from France. After many battles European countries signed the Treaty of Utrecht which resulted in France loosing some of its land in N.F.
Indigenous -Original inhabitants or people of an area
Disputed Territory -Area of land that different groups claims belongs to them