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ATI Final

ClassificationPrototypeActionUsesSide effectsInteractionsNIaffecting
NSAIDS NSAIDS: Asprin2nd Gen: Celecoxib (celebrex) decrease inflammation, pain, and fever Inflammation, Analgesia, fever reduction, dysmenorrhea GI discomfort, gastric ulcers, bleeding, Renal dysfunction, Salicylism, Reye Syndrome Warfarin, Clucocorticoids, Alcohol, Ibuprofen Take with food, milk, or fully glass of wather Pain and inflammation
Antigout Colchicine decrease inflammation Gout GI toxicity Warfarin Pain and inflammation
Migrane Medications Ergot alkaloids: Ergotamine(ergostat)Serotonin receptor agonists (Triptains): Sumatripitan (Imitrex) prevent inflammation and dilation to intracranial blood vessels abort acute migraine attack, prevent migraines Ergot: GI discomfort;Ergotism, physical dependence, abortionTriptans: Chest symptoms, angina, teratogenic Triptains with MAOI's Avoid trigger factors. Pain and inflammation
Opiod Antagonist Naloxone (Narcan) interfere with the action of opioids opioid overdose, reverse effects of opioids, reversal of resp. depression in infants tachycardia, tachypnea, abstinence syndrome Pain and inflammation
Neuromusculcar Blocking Agents Nondepolarizing: Tubocurarine (Tubarine) Depolarizing:succinylcholine (Anecitine) Block ACh at neruomuscular junction adjuncts to general anesthesia, diagnosis myasthenia gravis, seizure control, endotracheal intubation, endoscopy Respiratory arrest, hypotentionSuccinylcholine: apnea, malignant hypertention, hyperkalemia General anesthetics, Aminoglycosides, tetracyclines, Cholinesterase inhibitors continuous cardiac monitoring Nervous system
Anti Parkinsons Dopaminegrics: Levodopa (Dopar, Larodopa)Dopamine agonists: pramipexole(Mirapex)Centrally acting anticholengerics: Benztropine (congentin)Dopamine releaser (Antiviral): Amatadine (symmetrel) block receptors Parkinsons Levodopa: N/V, Dyskinesias, ortho hypo, cardio effects, psychosis, discoloration of sweat and urine, activation of malignant melanomaMirapex: sleep attacks, daytime sleepiness, ortho hypo, psychosis, dyskinesias, NauseaCogentin:N/V, Atropine effects. Levodopa: Protients,conventional0 antipsychotic agents, pyridoxine, MAOIs. Mirapex: Levodopa effects may not be noticiable for severl weeks to months Nervous system
AEDs Barbiturates: phenobarbital (Luminal)Haydantoins:phenytoin (Dilantin)Benzodiazepines: diazepam (valium), lorazepam (Ativan)Carbamazepine (Tegretol), ethosuximide (zaronin), valproic acid (Depakote), gabapentin (Neurontin) slow enterance of Na and Ca, suppress neruonal firing, inhibit GABA generalized seizures, partial seziures CNS effects,skin rash, toxicity, Cardio effects, teratogenisis, GI effects, respiratory depression Dilaintin: OC, warfarin, glucocorticoids, alcohol, valium.Tegretol: OC, warfarin, grapefruit juice, phenytoin, phenobarbital. use for control not cure, seizure frequency chart Nervous system
Muscle relaxants and Antispasmodics dantrolene(Dantrium) acts directly on spastic muscles relief of spastcity CNS depression, hepatic toxicity, physical dependence CNS depressants dont stop taking medication
Local Anesthetics Amide: lidocaine (xylocaine)"cain" decrease conduction of pain impluses minor procedures... CNS excitation, Hypotension, Allergic reactions, Spinal headache, urinary retention Nervous system
General Inhalation Anesthetics Halothane (fluothane)"ane" loss of sensation, concsciousness, memory loss Surgery, diagnosic procedures, analgesia, muscle relaxation hypotension,resp and cardio depression, malignant hyperthermia, hepatotoxicity CNS depressants, CNS stimulants, morphine sulfate, succinylcholine NPO 6-8 hrs before Nervous system
Antipsychotics-Conventional Low: Chlorpromazine(thorazine)High: Haloperidol (haldol) ihibit psychotic symptoms schizo, bipolar, touretts, delusions, dementia, huntingotns chorea EPS,TD, Neruoplepitc malignant syndrome, Anticholinergic effects, ortho hypo, sedation, seizures, sexual dysfunction, skin effects Anticholingergic agents, CNS depressants, Levodopa Nervous system
Antipsychotics-atypical clozapine(clozaril) blocks serotoin and dopamine severe schizo, psychosis Agranulocytosis, seizures, weight gain, inflammation of heart muscule Immunosupressive meds Nervous system
TCA amitriptyline (Elavil) block reuptake of norepi and serotonin--intensify effects Depression, bipolar ortho hypo, anticholingeric effects, sedation, cardiac toxicity, MAOIs, Antihistamines, Epinephrine, NE, Ephedine, amphetamine, CNS depressants effects not exprienced until 1-3 weeks Nervous system
SSRIs Fluoxeine (prozac) block reuptake of serotoin Depression, OCD, bulimia, panic disorders, PTSD Sexual dysfunction, wt.gain, mental confusion, agitaion, anxiety, withdrawl syndrome, hyonatremia, rash, sleepiness MAOIs, warfarin, Tricyclic antidepressants, NSAIDS anticoagulants, take with food Nervous system
MAOIs Phenelzine (Nardil) increase amount of NE and serotonin avaliable atypical depression, bulimia, OCD CNS stimulation, ortho hypo, hypertensive crisistrycyclic antidepressants, SSRIs, Antihypertensives, Mepridine(Demerol), Tyramine rich foods, Vasopressors Nervous system
Atypical Antidepressants bupropion HCL (Wellbutrin) Inhibit dopamine uptake depression, aid to quit smoking H/A, dry mouth, contipation, tachycardia, nausea, wt.loss, seizures MAOIs take daily nervous system
Mood stablizers Litium: Valproic acid(depakote), carbamazepine (tegretol) serotoin blockade bipolar, alcoholism, bulimia, schizo GI effects, tremors, polyuria, renal toxicity, goiter, teratogenesis, Diuretics, NSAIDS, Anticholinergics monitor litium levels Nervous system
Benzodiazepines diazepam (Valium) enhance GABA in CNS Anxiety, seizure, insomnia, muscle sapsm, alcohol withdrawal, panic disorder CNS depressions, paradoxical response, respiratory depression, teratogenesis, acute toxicity CNS depressants taper dose when D/C Nervous system
Non Benzo zolpidem (Ambien) do ot function as muscle relaxant insomnia daytime sleepiness and lightheadedness CNS depressants, food take before bedtime Nervous system
Anxiolytic-Non-Barbiturate buspirone(BuSpar) binds to serotoinin and dopamine receptors GAD CNS effects Erythromycin, ketoconazole, grapefruit juice take with meals Nervous system
CNS Stimulant Methylphenidate (ritalin,Concerta) Release NE and dopamine ADHD, Narcolepsy, Obesity CNS stimulation, wt.loss, Cardioeffects, MAOIs, Caffeine, Phenytoin, warfarin, OTC cold meds dont chew or crush Nervous system
Adrenergic Agonists epinephirne (Adrenaline)Dopamine (Intropin)Dobutamine(Dobutrex) increase HR, Contractility, rate of conduction Tx of AV block and cardiac arrest, HF, shock, hypertenstion Hypertensive crisis, dysrhythmias, necrosis, increase HR MAOIs, Tricyclic antidepresants, general anthetics, alpha-adrenergic blocking agents, beta adrenergic blocking agents, diuretics IV continuous infusion Cardiovascular system
Alpha Adrenergic blockers (sympatholytics) Prazosin(minipress) venous and arterial dilation, smooth muscule relaxation hypertension, BPH First dose hypertension Antihypertensive meds BP,HR, take w/food, inital dose at bedtime Cardio
Centrally Acting Alpha2 agonists Clonidine(Catapress) decrease sympathetic outflow HTN,sever CA pain Drowsiness, sedation, dry mouth rebound hypertension anti HTN meds, praxosin, MAOIs, tricyclic antidepressants, CNS depressants Cardio
Beta Adrenergic Blockers (sympatholytics) Cardio selective: metoprolol (lopressor) nonselective: Propranolol (Inderal)"lol" block beta1 adrenergic receptors angina, HTN, dysrhythmias, MI, HF Bradycardia, decrease CO, AV block, ortho hypo, rebound myocardium excitation, bronchoconstriction, glycogenolysis inhibited CCB, Antihypertensive meds, insulin dont d/c med with out dr. orders, dont crush or chew cardio
ACE inhibitors Captopril(capoten)"pril" block the production of Ang II (vasodilation, excretion of Na and H2o and retention of K) HF, HTN,MI, nephropathy first dose ortho hypo, cough, hyperkalemia, rash, angioedema, neutropenia Diuretics, antiHTN meds, K supplements, lithium, NSAIDS 1hr before meals cardio
ARBs lorsartan (Cozaar)"artan" blocks action of ang II HTN, HF, MI, Stroke,nephropathy angioedema, fetal injury anti HTN meds taken with or with out food cardio
CCB nifedipine (Adalat,Procradia)"ipine"verapamil (calan), diltiazem (cardizem) vasodilation Angina, HTN,Verapamil:dysrhythmias reflex tachy, peripheral edema, acute toxicityverapamil: ortho hypo, constipation, suppression of cardiac function, dysrhythmias beta blockers, grapefruit juiceverapamil: plus digoxin IV 2-3 min cardio
hypertensive crisis Sodium nitroprusside direct vasodilation hypertensive emergencies, decrease bleeding excessive hypotention, cyanie poisoning, thiocyanate poisoning, dont mix with other medications cardio
Organic Nitrates nitroglycerine (Nitrol, Nitrostat) angina angina H/A, ortho hypo, reflex tachycardia, tolerance Alcohol, antihypertensive meds, viagra Cardio
Cardiac Glycosides digoxin (Lanoxin, lanoxicaps, digitek) increase force of contraction, decrease HR HF, dysrhythmias(A fib) Dysrhythmias, bradycardia, GI effects(anorexia, N/V, abd pain) CNS effects(fatigue, weakness, vision changes) Thiazide, ACE, ARBs, sympathomimetic meds, quinidine, verapamil check apical pulse, same time daily, cardio
statins atorvastatin (Lipitor) Cholesterol hyperohlesterolemia, prevent coronary events, protect MI, raise HDL levels hepatotoxicity, myopathy, peripheral neuropathy fibrates, erythromycin, grapefruit juice take with evening meal Cardio
Antilipemics: fibrates gemfibrozil (Lopid) increase VLDL excretion, increase HDL levels Reduction of VLDLs, increase HDL Gall stones, myopathy,hepatotoxicity Warfarin, statins, cholestyramine obtain baseline cholesterol levels, take 30 min prior to meals Cardio
Antilipemics-Cholesterol Absorbtion Inhibitor ezetimibe (zetia) absorb cholesterol lower LDL NONE Cholestyramine, statins, fibrates, cyclosporine, baseline cholesterol levels, no reguard to food cardio
Antilipemics-bile-acid-sequestrants cholestyramine (Questran) lower LDL Lower LDL Constipation digoxin, warfarin, thiazides, tetracyclines disolve in 4oz of H2O Cardio
Anticoagulants/parenteral Heparin prevents bleeding DVT, DIC Hemmorrhage, hypersensitivity reactions anti-platelet agents baseline vitals, monitor CBC,monitor aPPT (60-80sec) Blood
Tx of Heparin overdose Protamine Sulfate antidote reversal of heparin administration IV administered slowly Blood
Anticoag/Oral Warfarin (coumadin) prevent synthesis of coagulation factors thrombosis hemorrhage heparin, aspirin, glucocorticoids, acetaminophen, foods high in vit K vitals, monitor PT, CBC, platelet count, Hct levels Blood
Warfarin overdose Vit K(phytonadione, Aquamephyton) promotes synthesis of coag factors reversal of bleeding, Vit k deficiency anaphylactoid-type reaction (flushing, hypotension, urticaria, cardio collapse) small doses orally Blood
Antiplatelets Asprin (ecotrin) prevent platelets from clumping together by inhibiting enzymes MI, stroke, coronary syndromes GI effects (bleeding), Hemorrhagic stroke NSAIDs, Heparin, warfarin Blood
Thrombolytic medications Streptokinase (streptase) "ase" dissolves clots that have already formed MI, DVT, PE, ischemic stroke bleeding, hypotension, allergic reaction NSAIDs, Heparin, Warfarin Blood
Iron Preparations Ferrous sulfate (feosol)Iron dextran (INFeD) provide iron iron deficiency GI distress, Teeth staining, Anaphylaxis antacids, vit c take on empty stomach, green blackish stool blood
Hematopoietic groth factors epoetin alfa (Epogen, Procrit) increase production of RBC anemia, HIV HTN, increased risk for cardiovascular event monitor iron levels, BP, Hgb and Hct blood
Beta2-Adrenergic agonists Albuterol (proventil, Ventolin) activate the beta receptorsin the bronchial smooth muscle asthma Tachycardia, angina, tremors beta blockers, MAOIs, tricyclic antidepressants Respiratory
Methylxanthines theophylline (Theolair) bronchodilation asthma GI distress, restlessness, seizures caffeine Respiratory
Inhaled Anticholinergics ipratropium (Atrovent) brochodilation brochospasm, asthma local anticholingergic effects Respiratory
Glucocorticoids belcomethasone dipropionate (QVAR) prevent inflammation, suppression of airway mucus, prophylaxis of asthma, oral therapy, replacement therapy difficulty speaking, hoarsness, candidiasis, bone loss, hyperglycemia, myopathy, peptic ulcer disease, infection, k-depleting diuretics, NSAID fixed schedule Respiratory
Mast Cell Stabilizers cromolyn sodium (Intal) Anti-inflammation chronic asthma, exercised and allergen induced asthma take 15 min before exercise or exposure to allergen Respiratory
Leukotriene Modifiers montelukast (singulair) suppresses inflammation, bronchoconstriction, edema, mucous production Long term asthma liver injury warfarin,Theophylline Respiratory
Antitussive-Opioids Codiene Cough suppression for non-productive cough CNS effects, GI distress, potiential for abuse Respiratory
Mucolytics acetylcysteine (Mucomyst) enhance the flow of secretions in respiratory passaes pulmonary disorders, cystic fibrosis Aspiration, bronchospasm odor that smells like rotten eggs, dilute medication in fruit juice Respiratory
Decongestants phenylephrine cause reduction in inflammation rhinitis, sinusitis Rebound congestion, CNS stimulation, Vasoconstricion lateral head low position when taking Respiratory
High Celing Loop Diuretics furosemide (Lasix) prevent reaborption of H2O Pulmonary edema, renal impairment Dehydration, hypotension, ototoxicity, hypokalemia Digoxin, Antihypertensives, litium, NSAIDS daily wts Fluids
Thiazide Diuretic hydrochlorothiazide(HydroDIURIL) block reabsorbtion of Na and Cl essential HTN, mild-mod HF, liver and kidney disease dehydration, hypokalemia, hyperglycemia Digoxin, Antihypertensives, litium, k levels, daily wts fluids
K sparing diuretics spironolactone (Aldactone) block action of aldosterone k sparing effects, HF hyperkalemia, endocrine effects ACE, K supplements k levels, daily wts fluids
osmotic diuretics mannitol (Osmitrol) increases blood osmolality Renal failure, decrease ICP, IOP HF, pulmonary edema, Renal failure, fluid and electrolyte imblalances Fluids
K supplements potassium chloride (K-Dur) supplys K hypokalemia GI distress, local GI ulceration, hyperkalemia ACE, spironolactone NEVER GIVE IV PUSH Fluids
Histamine Receptors Antagonists ranitidine hydrochloride (Zantac) suppress secretion of gastric acid GERD, H.pylori, Heart burn, sour stomach decrease libido, CNS effects warfarin, antacids eat 6 small meals GI
Proton Pump Inhibitor omeprazole (Prilosec) reduce gastric acid seretion by irreversibly inhibiting enzyme peptic ulcers, GERD, hypersecretory contitions Ampicillin, digoxin, iron dont crush or chew GI
Antacids aluminum hydroxide gel (Amphojel) neutralize gastric acid and inactivate pepsin PUD, GERD constipation, hypophosphatemia, warfarin, tetracycline chew tablets then drink 8 oz of H2O or milk GI
Prostaglandin E Analog misoprostol (cytotec) decreases acid production long term NSAID use prevent ulcers, pregnant diarrhea, abd pain, dysmenorrhea GI
laxatives psyllium(Metamucil)docusate sodium (Colace)bisacodyl (Dulcolax)magnesium hydroxide softens fecal mass constipation GI irritation, Rectal burning sensation milk, antacids GI
Prokinetic agents metoclopramide (Reglan) suppress emeisis GERD, chemo enduced Nasuea, EPS, sedation, Diarrhea opioids monitor for CNS depressant GI
Oral hypoglycemics-sulfonylureas tolbutamide (orinase) glipizide (Glucotrol, Glucotrol XL) promote insulin release type 2 diabetes hypoglycemia alcohol, NSAIDs, beta blockers exercise Endocrine
Oral hypoglycemics-Biguanides metformin HCl (Glucophage) reduce production of glucose within liver type 2 diabetes PCOS GI effects, Vit B12 deficiency, lactic acidosis Alcohol with breakfast and dinner Endocrine
Insulin Overdose Glucagon increases breakdown of glycogen into glucose hypoglycemia GI distress Endocrine
Thyroid hormones levothyroxine(Synthroid,levothriod) synthetic form of T4 hypothyroidism, emergency tx of myxedema coma overmedication binding agents, antiseizure and anti depressant, warfarin vitals, TSH levels Endocrine
Antithyroid Medications propylthiouracil (PTU) block synthesis of thyroid hormoones grave's disease overmedication, agranulocytosis increase anticoag effects Endocrine
posterior pituitary hormone vasopressin (pitressin synthetic) promotes reabsorption of H20 within kidneys diabetes insipidus, used during cardiac arrest reabsorption of too much water Endocrine
Uterine stimulants oxytocin(pitocin, syntocinon) stimulates uterus induction of labor, fetal stress test uterine rupture, HTN crisis Vasopresssors use infusion pump, monitor for hyperstimulaion Reproductive
Tocolytic medications terbutaline sulfate (brethine) uterine smooth muscle relaxation delay preterm labor tachycardia, tremors adrenergic agonists, MAOIs, betablockers monitor BP, frequency and duration of contractions, fetal distress Reproductive
Androgens Testosterone enanthate (Delatestryl) promotes skeletal muscle growth hypogonadism, delayed puberty hepatotoxicity, cardio risk, Virilism effects warfarin, glucocorticoids, hepatotoxic drugs report wt. gain of >2lbs. Reproductive
Estrogens conjugated equine estrogens(Premarin) estrogen hormones Contraception, postmenopausal symptoms, treatment of prostate cancer Endometrail and ovearin CA, embolic events, feminization warfarin, phenytoin rotate injection sites reproductive
Progeterones medroxyprogesterone acetate (Provera) induce favorable conditions for fetal growth dysfunctional uterine bleeding, anmenorrhea, endometriosis Breast CA, thromboembolic events, breakthrough bleeding, edema tegretol, dilantin, rifampin withdrawl bleeding reproductive
Erectile dysfunction sildenafil(Viagra) augments effects of nitric oxide relase during sexual stimulation erectile dysfunction MI, sudden death, Priapism organin nitrates, grapefruit juice, erthromycin 1 hr before sexual activity Reproductive
Immune Globulin Gamma globulin, immunoglobulin G (IgG) provide passive immunity immunodeficiency syndrome, hep a, hep b local reaction, systemic allergic reaction live viruses Immune
Immunostimulants Interferon Alfa,Aldesleukin (interleukin-2) enhance host immune responses hairy cell leukemia, maligannt melanoma, AIDS-related kaposi's sarcoma Flu like symptoms, bone marrow suppression, hypotension Theophylline, Zidovudine, antihypertensives store in fridge Immune
Antihistamines diphenhydramine (Benadryl),promethazine (phenegran), dimenhydrinate (Dramamine)2nd Gen: Loratadine (claritin), cetirizine (Zyrtec), fexofenadine (Allegra), desloratadine(Clarinex) block of histamine release mild allergic reactions, anaphylaxis, motion sickness, insomnia sedation, anticholingergic effects, GI discomfort, acute toxicity CNS depressants Immune
Chemotherapy agents cyclophosphamide(Cytoxan,Neosar)cisplatin(Planinol AQ)metotrexate(Rheumatrex, trexall)cytara bine(Cytosar-U) destroy CA cells CA Bone marrow suppression, N&V, alopecia, mucosistis, reproductive toxicity, hyperuricemia Immune
Penicillins penicillin G (Bicillin LA) weakening the bacterial cell wall meningitis, syphilis, prophylaxis bacterial endocarditis Allergies, renal impairment,hyperkalemia Aminoglycosides, OC full glass of water 1 hr before meals or 2 hr after Infection
Cephalosporins cephalexin (Keflex)cefaclor (Ceclor)ceftriaxone(Rocephin)cefepime(maxipime destroy bacterial cell wall UTI, postoperative infection, pelvic infection, meningitis Allergice, bleeding, thrombophlebitis, cross allergy disulfiram reaction, probenecid take with food Infection
Carbapenems imipenem (Primaxin) destroy cell wall pneumonia, peritonitis, UTI allergy, GI symptoms, Suprainfection Infection
Monobactams Vancomycin (Vancocin) destroy cell wall serious infections ototoxicity, infusion reaction, thrombophlebitis Infection
Tetracyclines tetracycline hydrochloride (sumycin) inhibit growth rickettsia, acne vulgaris GI discomfort, yellow/brown tooth discoloration, hepatotoxicity, photosensitivity, suprainfecrtion Milk products, iron, magnesium,antacids, OC dont give with food Infection
Bacteriostatic inhibitors erthyromycin (E-mycin) slows growth treat clients with penicillin allergy, whooping cough GI discomfort, thrombophlebitis Antihistamines, theophylline, warfarin empty stomach infection
Aminoglycosides gentamicin (Garamycin) disrupt protein syntesis tapeworm Ototoxicity, nephrotoxicity, neuromuscular blockade penicillin peak and trough infection
Sulfonamides and trimethoprim trimthoprim-sulfamethoxazole(TMP-SMZ, Bactrim) inhibit bacterial growth UTI hypersensitivity,blood dyscrasias, kernicterus(jaundice, increase bili), photosensitivity warfarin, phenytoin, slufonylurea empty stomach, full glass of water Infection
Urinary Tract Antispeptics nitrofurantoin (macrodantin) damages DNA UTI GI discomfort, Hypersensitivity reactions, blood dyscrasias, peripheral neruopathy urine will have brownish discoloration Infection
Antimycobacterial(Antituberculosis) isoniazid(INH) ihibits growth of mycobacteria, prevents synthesis ofmycolic acid TB peripheral neuropathy, hepatotoxicity phenytoin, Alcohol empty stomach Infection
Anti-hansens disease dapsone prevents synthesis of folic acid treatment of hansens disease discoloration of body fluids, hepatoxicity, mild GI discomfort warfarin, OC,protease inhibitors complete course infection
Antiviral acyclovir(Zovirax) prevents reproduction of viral DNA herpes simplex virus, HIV phlebitis and inflammation at site, nephrotoxicity, mild GI discomfort, Granulocytopenia and thrombocytopenia, reproductive toxicity never administer bolus, IV over 1 hour Infection
Fluoroquinolones ciprofloxacin(Cipro) inhibition of enzyme necessary for DNA replication severe infections, resp, urinary, and GI infections GI discomfort, Achilles tendon rupture, suprainfection, Cationic compounds, theophylline, warfarin Infection
Antiprotozoals metronidazole(flagyl) slows growth peptic ulcer disease, protozoal infections GI discomfort, metallic taste, darkening of urine, CNS symptoms alcohol, metronidazole complete course infection
Antifungal amphotericin B deoxycholate(fungizone) acts on fungal cell membranes to increase cell permeability fungal infections, dermatophytic infections Infusion reaction, thrombophlebitis, nephrotoxicity, hypokalemia, bone marrow suppression Aminoglycosides, flucytosine Infection
Acetaminophen acetaminophen (Tylenol) slows production of prostaglandins Analgesic, antipyretic Acute toxicity Alcohol, Warfarin Pain and inflammation
Opioid Agonists Morphine sulfate act of mu receptors moderate to severe pain, sedation, reduction of bowel motility, Codiene: cough suppression Respiratory depression, constipation, orthostatic hypotention, urinary retention, sedation, biliary colic, emesis, opioid overdose triad CNS depressants, Anticholinergic agents, MAOI's, Antihypertensives withhold if R<12, IV slowly (4-5 min) Pain and inflammation
Agonists-Antagonist Opioids Pentazocine (Talwin) low potential for abuse, less respiratory depression. Antagonist to mu receptors, agonist to kappa receptors mild to moderate pain Abstinence syndrome NONE withhold if R<12 Pain and inflammation
Cholinesterase inhibitors neostigmine (Prostigmin) "mine" increase amount of ACh available at receptor sites Myasthenia gravis, reversal of neuromuscular blocking agents increase GI motility and secretions; Cholinergic crisis, bradycardia, urinary urgency Atropine, tubocuraine, Succinylcholine medical alert bracelet Nervous system
Created by: chelseapeck on 2009-04-28



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