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Cold War History

TermDefinition
Cold War A State of political and military tension after WW2 between powers USA and the Soviet Union. A war where there is no fighting between the two countries
Communism The political and economic doctrine that aims to replace private property and profit-based economy with public ownership and communal control over food supplies
Capitalism An economic and political system in which land can be privately owned rather then being owned by the state/government
Détente A relaxation of tension, it describes the attempt from the superpowers to be more co-operative in the 70's. Ends when the Soviet Union invades Afghanistan
Democracy A system of government where the whole population are eligible to vote for a person of their choice through representatives
Superpower A very powerful and influential country that usually relates to the US and the Soviet Union during the cold war
Yalta Confrence Feb 1945, A conference between Stalin, Churchill and Roosevelt. Germany was on the edge of defeat and reparations were to be paid. The Us got the control of the pacific. Poland gained land. Eastern Europe gained freedom to vote. Soviets joined UN
Potsdam Confrence In 1945, Stalin, Attlee and Truman held a conference. The Division of Germany happened as France, Britain, Soviet Union and US got a part of Germany and Berlin. Germany was disarmed and demilitarized. Shortly After US tested their first atomic bomb
The Iron Curtain Speech Winston Churchill delivers a speech that condemns the actions of the Soviet Union by stating that "There is a Iron curtain has descended on the continent.
Policy of containment This was set to contain three major issues, Iran, Turkey and Greece all at threat of communist rule. Soviets wanted control of all three by enforcing a leader in their government. President truman funded help for all the countries involved. March 12, 1947
Truman Doctrine A US policy of checking the expansion of communism through economic aid, military intervention or diplomacy. The 12th of March 1947, President Truman gave financial aid to Greece and Turkey to try and contain communism.
Marshall Plan This plan was a form of recovery for Eastern Europe. The US funded $12 billion to help rebuild the governments of smaller countries.
Berlin Crisis After the blockade two Germany's were established, East (Democratic) and West (Federal), The West had a lower standard of living compared to the east. Because of this many wanted to go to the east until the Soviets built a wall around east berlin.
Cuban Missile Crisis The US discovered that Cuba had ballistic missiles in their possession and were believed to be funded by the Soviet Union. The next Thirteen days would be the closest the world ever got to a nuclear war.
The End of the Cold War. Why and How? USSR's started to decline economically and had leadership problems with Gorbachev as he wanted the Cold War to end. Also the
Cuban Missile Crisis: Orthodox Historiography Kennedy was seen as a hero, and this was his finest hour. He acted calm and firm to alter the balance that threatened the security of the US. The blockade was a smart idea to stop the soviets without a war and the world was better because of his actions
Cuban Missile Crisis: Revisionist Historiograpy Kennedy unnecessarily raised the cuban missile crisis to almost cataclysmic event were the could have been a nuclear war. It wasn't a victory, more a arrogance that lead to Vietnam
Cuban Missile Crisis: New Interpretations Historiography Confirms Orthodox View, Kennedy went against most of the government to stop a nuclear war. The Turkey resolution was ingenious by the President.
Cuban Missile Crisis: Historian Historigraphy Khrushchev was reckless with his actions against the US. Where Kennedy was calm and collective and was a excellent leader at the time and he was the right leader at the time
Created by: ryan_mcneilly