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OA lecture

OA lecture notes

What are the 5 radiographic features of OA? 1)Joint space loss 2) Malalignment 3)Subchondral sclerosis 4)Ostephytes 5)Bone cysts
What are teh names of the nodes? Heberden's (DIP) and Bouchard's (PIP)
What are the structural changes in OA? 1)Subchondral bone formaiton 2)Articular cartilage loss 3)Synovial inflammation
What is the structural composition of bone? Articular Cartilage -> Tidemark ->Ca2+ cartilage -> bone
How many tidemarks are there in OA? 2
Which joint tissues are there dysregulation of modelling/remodelling? Bone, synovium, calcified cartilage, cartilage, periarticular tissues
What are the main risk factors for OA? Hereditary, Trauma ,Obesity
Give some specific examples of trauma and OA? ACL/MCL, Knee surgery, repeated joint usage, increased loads
What is the classic presentation of OA? Pain in weight bearing joints after usage (at end of day), In knees, cartilage loss starts on medial aspect (from periphery), NON INFLAMMATORY/NO SYSTEMIC SYMPTOMS
What is some general treatment recommendations for OA? Exercise, Rest, TJR, Glucosamide, NSAIDS, COX inhibitors, ACETAMINOPHEN
Created by: villagejoker