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Definitions & Abbreviations

TermDefinition
CVA Cerebrovascular Accident -OR- Costovertebral Angle
Grossly Wholly, Obviously, A lot
HTN Hypertension
LNMP Last Normal Menstrual Period
Sx Symptoms
PE Pulmonary Embolism -OR- Physical Exam
Abrasion A scrape to the skin due to something abrasive
HA Headache
MI Myocardial Infarction
Ischemia Lack of blood supply
Pruritic Itchy
Chronic Constant, long standing
Epistaxis Nose bleed
Edema Swelling
Dz Disease
CABG Coronary Artery Bypass Graft "open heart surgery"
Hemorrhage Excessive or profuse bleeding
Tachycardia Fast heart rate, >100 bpm
Purulent Pus-like
ROM Range of Motion
Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA) "stroke" - brain damage due to lack of blood supply to the brain
SOB Shortness of Breath
CAD Coronary Artery Disease "heart disease"
Bradycardia Slow heart rate, <60 bpm
Rhinorrhea Clear nasal discharge "runny nose"
Sepsis Dangerous infection of the blood
Laceration Splitting of the skin due to trauma; a cut due to something sharp
DM Diabetes Mellitus
Syncope Loss of consciousness; fainting
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) A blood clot in a deep vein, usually in the extremities
Acute New, usually of rapid onset and of concern
DVT Deep Venous Thrombosis
HEENT Head, Eyes, Ears, Nose, Throat
Benign Normal, of no danger to health
Diaphoresis Sweating
CXR Chest X-Ray
NTG Nitroglycerin
HPI History of Present Illness
BID Twice daily
Dysuria Painful urination
LOC Loss of consciousness
Emesis Vomiting
pt Patient
CP Chest Pain
Erythema Redness
Dyspnea Difficulty breathing
UTI Urinary Tract Infection
Melena Black, tarry stool
STEMI ST elevated Myocardial Infarction; real-time ongoing death of heart tissue due to ischemia
ABx Antibiotics
Cardiomegaly Enlarged heart
MVA/MVC Motor Vehicle Accident/Motor Vehicle Collision
RUQ Right Upper Quadrant
N/V/D Nausea/Vomiting/Diarrhea
Ecchymosis Bruising
Vertigo Condition of dizziness "room spinning"
Myalgia muscular pain/aches
Hypoxia lack of oxygen in the blood; low oxygen saturation of the body
Infarct Area of dead tissue after a lack of blood supply
FHx Family History
NKDA No Known Drug Allergies
s/p Status Post (after)
Pulmonary Embolism (PE) Blocking of a pulmonary artery due to a blood clot
Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) "minor stroke" - where neurological function is regained quickly with time
Myocardial Infarction (MI) Death of cardiac muscle due to ischemia