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Cardiology - Level 1

Words and procedures related to cardiology

QuestionAnswer
What part of the body do Cardiologist specialize in? The heart.
What does CAD stand for? Coronary Artery Disease
What does ANGI/O mean? Vessel (blood or lymph)
What is does STEONISIS mean? Narrowing
How many chambers are in your heart? 4
What does the acronym RA stand for? Right Atrium
What does the acronym LA stand for? Left Atrium
What does the acronym RV stand for? Right Ventricle
What does the acronym LV stand for? Left Ventricle
What does they prefix BRADY- mean? To slow [ie Bradycadia = slow heart beat]
What does ATHER/O mean? Fatty plaque [ie Atherosclerosis = plaque build up in your arteries]
What is ANGINA PECTORIS (also known as Angina)? Chest pain
What does the suffix -MEGALY mean? Enlargement [ie Cardiomegaly = enlargement of the heart]
What does the prefix TACHY- mean? Rapid [ie Tachycardia = rapid heart beat]
What does the acronym CHF stand for? Congestive Heart Failure
What is Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)? The heart can't pump enough blood
What does the acronym CVA stand for? Cerebrovascular accident
What is a Cerebrovascular accident (CVA)? Stroke with damage to the brain
What does the acronym TIA stand for? Transient ischemic attack
What is a Transient ischemic attack (TIA)? Interruption of blood to the brain with no damage.
What is Arrhythmia or Dysrythmia? Irregular heart beat
What is ISCHEMIA? Inadequate supply of oxygen to a body part
What does the procedural suffix -ECTOMY mean? Excision, removal
What does the prefix MY/O mean? Muscle
What is a Myocardial infarction? Heart attack
What does DYSPNEA mean? Shortness of breath
What does they acronym BP mean? Blood pressure
What is procedure is ECHO short for? Echocardiogram
What does ORTHOPNEA mean? Shortness of breath when lying flat
What is ATRIAL FIBRILLATION? The left and right atria chambers (upper chambers) in the heart have an irregular beat
What does HYPERTENSION mean? High blood pressure
What does SYNCOPE mean? Temporary loss of consciousness due to low blood pressure
What is EDEMA? Swelling due to fluid retention
What does the acronym CPAP mean? Continuous Positive Airway Pressure
What does they acronym ECG or EKG stand for? Electrocardiogram
What is PALPITATION? Feeling of rapid, fluttering, or pounding heart beat triggered by stress, exercise, medication or, a medical condition.
Created by: Shigeko