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# Multiplication

Term | Definition |
---|---|

commutative property of multiplication | The order of factors can be changed and the product remains the same. Example: 3x5=5x3 |

associative property of multiplication | Factors can be regrouped and the product remains the same. Example: 2 x(4x10)=(2x4)x10 |

identification property of multiplication | The product of any number and 1 is that number. |

zero property of multiplication | The product of any number and 0 is 0 |

factors | Numbers that are multiplied to get a product |

product | The number that is the result of multiplying two or more factors |

multiple | The product of a given whole number and another whole number |

underestimate | An estimated sum or difference that is less than the actual answer |

overestimate | An estimated sum or difference that is greater than the actual answer |

exponential notation | A way to write a number using a base and an exponent |

expanded form (exponents) | A way to write a number involving exponents that show the base as a factor |

standard forms | A common way of writing a number with commas separating groups of three digits starting from the right Example: 3,458 |

squared | A name for a number to the second power |

cubed | A name for a number to the third power |

distributive property | Multiplying a sum (or difference) by a number is the same as multiplying each number in the sum (or difference) by that number and adding the products. Example: 3x(10+ 4)= (3x10)+ 3x4) |

partial products | Products found by breaking one of two factors into ones, tens, hundreds, and so on, and then multiplying each of these by the other factor |

base | The number that is multiplied by itself when raised to a power |

exponent | A number that tell show many times the base is used as a factor Example: 10 to the third power = 10 × 10 × 10; the exponent is 3 and the base is 10. |

Created by:
s.corcoran