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Neolithic Period

QuestionAnswer
Why was it called the Neolithic Period? It was the New Stone Age
When did they arrive and why did they settle in land? They arrived in 4,000BC. They were permanent settlers and therefore settled in land to set up a home.
Name a famous Neolithic site? Boyne Valley, Co. Meath/ Lough Gur, Co.Limerick/ Céide Fields, Co.Mayo.
Describe their houses Rectangular in shape, built using wattle and daub, strong timber planks held them upright in the ground
What was wattle and daub Interwoven sticks and twigs covered with mud, essentially acted as the bricks and clay of a house
How did they till the land Using mattocks and wooden ploughs which were pulled by oxen
What was saddle stone used for? To grind down the wheat and barley so it could be used for food
Three Burial Customs Court cairn, Portal dolmen, Passage tomb.
What did all three have in common They all included a burial chamber
Purpose of the roof box in New Grange? The sun would shine in every year on the Winter solstice ( 21st December) and light up the whole passage.
Megalith meaning large stones
Four stages in building Pushing, Pulling ,Levering and finally trenches were used to raise them into an upright position
Describe a Court Cairn These tombs had a semi-circular court in the front with an entrance leading into a passage and a burial chamber. Large upright stones cover the entrance
Name 3 things we learned about Neolithic people. They were well organised. They were great builders. They were astronomers and mathematician.
Created by: HistoryClass1.3