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Medical Terms

Section A Terms

TermDefinition
Craniotomy surgical opening into the skull.
Crani cranium (skull)
Otomy to make an incision or cut into
Dysuria pain or discomfort when urinating
Dys painful
Uria presence of a substance in the urine
Hemotoxic blood poisoning
Hemo blood
Toxic poison
Hysterectomy surgical removal of the uterus
Hyster Uterus
Ectomy The surgical removal of something
Pericarditis Inflammation of the lining around the heart
Peri around or about
Card Heart
Itis Inflammation
Leukocyte White Blood Cells that help the body fight infections and other diseases
Leuko White blood cells
Cyte denoting a cell
Cholecystitis inflammation of the gallbladder
Chole bile
Cyst closed capsule
Tachycardia abnormally fast resting heart rate
Tachy Rapid
Neuralgia an intense burning or stabbing pain caused by irritation of or damage to a nerve
Neur Pertaining to a nerve
Algia pain
Polycythemia a condition marked by an abnormal increase in the number of circulating red blood cells
Poly much or many
Cyt cell or cytoplasm
Emia presence of a substance in the blood
Bradycardia slow heart rate
Brady slow heartbeat rate
Gastrectomy surgical removal of all or part of the stomach
Gastr Relating to the stomach
Meningitis inflammation of the meninges
Mening three membranes that envelope the brain and spinal cord
Neopathy New disease
Neo New
Pathy suffering or disease
Dermatologist a doctor who specializes in the treatment of diseases of the skin.
Dermat skin
ology the study of
Proctoscope examine the anal cavity, rectum, or sigmoid colon
Procto meaning of anal or rectum
Scope medical search navigation
Carcinoma cancer that begins in the skin
Carcin cancerous
Oma tumor
Electroencephalograph test that can help diagnose epilepsy
Electro electric
Encephalo brain
Graph instrument used to record
Osteomalacia softening of your bones
Osteo bone
Malacia softening of the tissues
Paraplegia impairment in motor or sensory function of the lower extremities
Para alongside of, beside, near, resembling, beyond, apart from, and abnormal
Plegia paralysis or a stroke
Pyuria condition of urine containing white blood cells or pus
Py pus
Acromegaly a chronic disease characterized by enlargement of the head, hands and feet, causing gigantism
Acro extremities of the body
Megaly enlargement
Gerontology the scientific study of the clinical, sociologic, biologic and psychological phenomena related to aging
Geront old age
Dysphagia symptom of difficulty in swallowing
Dys painful
Phagia specified substance or eating in a specified manner
Hydrocele fluid-filled sac surrounding a testicle that causes swelling in the scrotum
Hydro watery fluid or of hydrogen
Cele relating to a hernia or swelling
Created by: jsanchis