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7.2 and 7.3

Reading the physical and human landscape on OS maps.

TermDefinition
Relief The shape of the physical landscape.
Lowland An area of land that is below 200 metres in height. (Green on a map).
Mountain A landform often with steep sides that is above 400 metres in height.
Hill An area of land that is above 200 metres but below 400 metres.
Gap A low area between two areas of upland.
Plateau An upland area with steep sides and a fairly flat top.
Ridge A long narrow area of upland with steep sides falling away from it.
Drainage Refers to the ways that water flows in the landscape.
Communications Refers to roads
Bridging points Locations where bridges are built.
Settlement A place where people live.
Ancient This settlement is no longer occupied.
Burial sites Megalithic tombs-dolmens-cairns-mounds-barrows-graveyards-ogham stones-standing stones.
Defence Ring forts-crannógs-lios-forts-round towers-motte and bailey-castles.
Worship/religion Stone circles-Bullaun stones-holy wells-cill-churches-friaries-abbeys-high crosses.
Altitude The height above sea level.
Aspect The direction in which a settlement faces.
South facing These slopes attract settlement because they get more sunshine.
Nucleated Houses are grouped together.
Linear Ribboned settlement with houses built in a line along a road.
Dispersed Individual houses are scattered around the countryside in a random pattern.
Urban Refers to towns and cities and large villages.
Route focus Where a number of roads meet.
Function Refers to the services and activities that a town provides for the people who live or work nearby.
Coniferous forests Planted on upland slopes. Help to prevent soil erosion. Also planted on poorly drained lowland areas.
Natural woodland Deciduous trees. Associated with country estates and demesnes.
Agriculture The main landuse in Ireland.
Bogs Found on very flat land-does not have much settlement-may be planted with coniferous forests.
Áth Crossing point of a river.
Cnoc Hill
Carraig Rock
Gleann Valley
Loch Lake
Trá Beach.
Baile Small town/townland.
Cill Church
Fort Dún-Lios-Rath.
Created by: boconnor