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Root Terms

Medical Terms

adeno gland
calculi stone
cele tumor, cyst, hernia
glyco sweet, sugar
homeo, homo like, same, similar
lingua tongue
lip fat
lith stone
madaro falling hair
psych mind
pyo pus
radi rays
thermic heat
arthro joint
carpo wrist
chondro cartilage
costa rib
cranio skull
dactyl finger
ili hip
manus hand
myel bone marrow
myo muscle
ortho straighten
osteo bone
pedi foot
spondyl vertibra
cutis skin
dent teeth
hapsia touch
odont teeth
onco tumor
onychia nail beds
pedicular lice
prurigo itching
psora itch
sarco flesh
sclero hard
squama scaly
tricho hair
chole bile, gallbladder
colon large intestines
emesis vomiting
entero intestine
gastro stomach
glosso tongue
hepat liver
ile ileum
laparo abdomen
myxo mucus
procto anus, rectum
pyloro pylorus, gatekeeper
stoma opening, mouth
viscero body organs
angio vessel
aortal aorta, main artery
arterio artery
cardio heart
emboli vessel obstruction
emia blood
hema, hemo blood
phleb vein
thrombo blood clot
varico varicose veins
vaso blood vessel
vena vein
ventricu heart cavity
broncho bronchi, airway
cili hairlike processes
ectasis expansion
laryngo larynx, voice box
naso nose
oro mouth
oxy oxygen, keen
pector breast, chest
pleura rib side
pneumo lung
ptysis to spit
pulmo lungs
rhin nose
tracheo trachea, windpipe
creatinine a waste material in urine
cysto bladder
glomerulo nephon part, little ball
nephro kidney
peritoneo lining of the abdominal organs
pyelo pelvis
reni kidney
uretero ureter
urethro urethra
uri urine
uric pertaining to urine
urina urine
uro urine
bulbo bulblike
cervi neck, uterus
galacto milk
genito reproductive system
hyster uterus
lactin milk
mast breast
metr uterus
natal born
oophoro ovary
orchido testicle
ova, ovi, ovo egg
salping tube, fallopian
sperma spermato seed
vas duct, vessel
audio sound
cerebro brain
encephalo brain
esthesia sensation
medulla brain middle
meningo membrane, spinal cord
neuro nerves
occiput back of skull
oculo eye
ophthalmo eye
oto ear
parietes parietal, wall part
pons bridges
tempora temporal
atria upper heart chamber
pedia child
a, an without
ab away from
ad toward
algia pain
ante before, wall part
anti against
bi two, double
brady slow
circum around
co, con together
de down or away from
desis binding, fixation of
dia through
dys difficult, abnormal
ecto outside
ectomy excision
endo within
epi outer, on top of, over
exo away from
extra outside, beyond
ferro iron
fore before
form shape of
graphy writing, record
hemi half
hydra, hydro water
hyper above
hypo below
iasis condition of
iatric medicine
ic pertaining to
inter between
intra within
isis, asis condition of
itis inflammation of
juxta near
kinesis movement
kypho humped
logia, logy science of
lysis disintegration, breakdown
macro large, long
malacia softening
med, medi, medio middle
mega, megaly enlargement
micro small
mono single, one
multi many
neo new
ob against
oid like, shape; resemble
oligo few
ology study of
oma tumor
osis condition
otomy incision
pachy thick
para near, departure from the norm
path disease
penia deficiency
peri around
pexy fixation, suspension
phobia fear of
phoresis transmission
plasty plastic surgical correction
plegia paralysis, stroke
poly many
post after
pre before
pro in front of, on behalf of
pseudo false
ptosis falling
re back, again
retro backward
rrhaphy sutures
rhexis rupture
scopy exam
semi half
sphygmo pulse
sub below
super, supra above
sym, syn together
tachy swift, fast
tele distance
toxo toxic, poison
trans across
tri three
ultra above
uni one
xeno foreign
xero dry
albus white
chloro green
chrom color
cirrhos yellow
cyano blue
erythr red
leuko white
melano black
polio gray
purpura purple
rhodo rose
rubeo red
xantho yellow
CMA certified medical assistant
RMA registered medical assistant
CNA certified nursing assistant
EMT emergency medical technician
LVN licensed vocational nurse
MD medical doctor
ME medical examiner
MLT medical lab technologist
NP nurse practitioner
OT occupational therapist
PA physician's assistant
PT physical therapist
RHIT registered health information technician
RN registered nurse
RRT registered respiratory therapist
a before
aa of each
abd abdominal
a.c. before meals
ADL activity of daily living
ad lib as desired
a.m. morning
amt. amount
AROM active range of motion
AX axillary
BID twice a day
BM bowel movement
BP blood pressure
BRP bathroom privileges
C celcius
c (line over) with
cal calorie
cath catheter
CBR complete bed rest
cc cubic centimeter
CHF congestive heart failure
cm centimeter
CN charge nurse
CNS central nervous system
c/o complains of
DC discontinue
DON director of nurses
Dr. doctor
DX diagnosis
F fahrenheit
fx fracture
GI gastrointestinal
gtt drop
GU genitourinary
h hour
H2O water
HOB head of bed
HOH hard of hearing
HS hour of sleep
i/o intake and output
IV intravenous
kg kilogram
L liter
lb. pound
LE/LLE/LUE lower extremity, left lower extremity, left upper extremity
Lt. left
MI myocardial infarction
mm millimeter
noc night
NPO nothing by mouth
N/V nausea and vomiting
O.D. right eye
OOB out of bed
O.S. left eye
O.U. both eyes
oz. ounce
p (line over) after
P pulse
p.c. after meals
PO by mouth
p.m. evening
prn as needed
PROM passive range of motion
pt. patient
qd every day
qh every hour
q2h every two hours
qid four times a day
qod every other day
QNS quantity not sufficient
QS quantity sufficient
R (inside a pentagon) rectal
R respiration
RE/RUE/RLE right extremity, right upper extremity, right lower extremity
ROM range of motion
Rx prescription
Created by: carlyndaug