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Medical Terminology

Chapters 1 - 6 roots, prefixes, & suffixes

arthr/o joint
cardi/o heart
enter/o small intestine
gastr/o stomach
hepat/o liver
neur/o nerve
hem/o blood
hemat/o blood
my/o muscle
muscul/o muscle
angi/o vessel
vas/o vessel
vascul/o vessel
derm/o skin
dermat/o skin
cutane/o skin
pneum/o lung
pneumon/o lung
pulmon/o lung
gen/o creation, cause
hydr/o water
morph/o change
myc/o fungus
necr/o death
orth/o straight
path/o suffering, disease
phag/o eat
plas/o formation
py/o pus
scler/o hard
sten/o narrowing
troph/o nourishment, development
xen/o foreign
xer/o dry
-ac pertaining to
-al pertaining to
-ar pertaining to
-ary pertaining to
-eal pertaining to
-ic pertaining to
-tic pertaining to
-ous pertaining to
-ia condition
-ism condition
-ium tissue, structure
-y condition, procedure
-icle small
-ole small
-ule small
-ula small
-iatrics medical science
-iatry medical science
-iatrist specialist in medicine of
-ist specialist
-logist specialist in the study of
-logy study of
-algia pain
-dynia pain
-cele hernia
-emia blood condition
-iasis presence of
-itis inflammation
-lysis loosen, break down
-malacia abnormal softening
-megaly enlargement
-oid resembling
-oma tumor
-osis condition
-pathy disease
-penia deficiency
-ptosis drooping
-rrhage excessive flow
-rrhagia excessive flow
-rrhea flow
-rrhexis rupture
-spasm involuntary contraction
-centesis puncture
-gram written record
-graph instrument used to produce a record
-graphy writing procedure
-meter instrument used to measure
-metry process of measuring
-scope instrument used to look
-scopy process of looking
-desis binding, fixation
-ectomy removal
-pexy surgical fixation
-plasty reconstruction
-rrhaphy suture
-stomy creation of an opening
-tomy incision
a- not
an- not
anti- against
contra- against
de- down, away from
ante- before
pre- before
pro- before, on behalf of
brady- slow
tachy- fast
post- after
re- agin
ab- away
ad- toward
circum- around
peri- around
dia- through
trans- through
e- out
ec- out
ex- out
ecto- outside
exo- outside
extra- outside
en- in, inside
endo- in, inside
intra- in , inside
epi- upon
sub- beneath
inter- between
bi- two
hemi- half
semi- half
hyper- over
hypo- under
macro- large
micro- small
mono- one
uni- one
oligo- few
pan- all
poly- many
multi- many
con- with, together
syn- with, together
sym- with, together
dys- bad
eu- good
adip/o fat
alb/o white
crypt/o hidden
cutane/o skin
dermat/o skin
derm/o skin
erythr/o red
hidr/o sweat
ichthy/o scaly
kerat/o hard, horny
leuk/o white
lip/o fat
melan/o black
onych/o nail
pachy/o thick
pil/o hair
rhytid/o wrinkle
sebace/o oil
seb/o oil
squam/o scale
steat/o fat
trich/o hair
ungu/o nail
xanth/o yellow
xer/o dry
ankyl/o stiff, bent
arthr/o joint
brachi/o arm
burs/o bursa
carp/o wrist
cervic/o neck
chondr/o cartilage
cost/o rib
crani/o head, skull
dactyl/o finger
fasci/o fascia
femor/o femur (thigh bone)
kinesi/o movement, motion
lumb/o loin, lower back
muscul/o muscle
my/o muscle
myos/o muscle
oste/o bone
-physis growth
spondyl/o vertebra
tars/o ankle
tax/o arrangement, order, coordination
ten/o tendon
tend/o tendon
tendin/o tendon
tibi/o tibia (shinbone)
ton/o tone, tension
-asthenia weakness
cephal/o head
cerebell/o cerebellum
cerebr/o brain
crani/o head, skull
dur/o tough outer membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord
encephal/o brain (inside head)
esthesi/o feeling, sensation
gangli/o nerve bundle
gnosi/o know
hypn/o sleep
kinesi/o movement, motion
lob/o lobe
-mania excessive desire
mening/o meninges; membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord
meningi/o meninges; membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord
myel/o spinal cord, bone marrow
neur/o nerve
-paresis slight or partial paralysis
phas/o speech
-phobia excessive fear
phren/o mind
-plegia paralysis
psych/o mind
somn/o sleep
somn/i sleep
tax/o arrangement, order, coordination
-acusis hearing condition
acous/o sound
audi/o sound
aur/o ear
blephar/o eyelid
cerumin/o ear wax
cochle/o cochlea
conjunctiv/o conjunctiva
corne/o cornea
cycl/o cilliary body
dacry/o tear
irid/o iris
ir/o iris
kerat/o cornea
labyrinth/o labyrinth
lacrim/o tear
mastoid/o mastoid process
myring/o eardrum
ocul/o eye
opthalm/o eye
-opia vision condition
-opsia vision condition
opt/o eye
ot/o ear
phac/o lens
phak/o lens
retin/o retina
salping/o eustachian tube
scler/o sclera (the white of the eye)
tympan/o eardrum
vestibul/o vestibule
Created by: lluckey3