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Pneumonia facts

Pneumonia facts from lecture

What are the symptoms of PNA? SOB, cough, fevers, chills, +/- sweats, pleuritic chest pain, Concurrent UR symptoms
How are circulating CD4+ T cells crticial in Pneumonia? They coordinate and prime alveolar macrophage responses to invading organisms
What are risk factors for pneumoniae? AGe, Impaired host defeces (Mechanical/Cellular defects)
How do you get pneumoniae? Microaspiration, Inhallation, reactivation, Macroaspiration, hematogenous spread
What are teh main bacteria that cause Pneumonia? Strep pneumoniae, H. influenzae, Staph aureus + MRSA, Gram negative (Klebsiella and pseudomonas)
What are teh atypical agents of pneumonia? Legionella, mycoplasma and chlamydia
What viruses cause pneumoniae? Influenza, RSV, parainfluenza, adenovirus
If in the chest X ray, you see consolidation of lobar or segmental pattern, what do you think? Pneumococcal PNA
If there is a miliary or reticulonodular infiltrate in CXR, what do you think? TB/fungal
If you see nodular +/- cavitary infiltrates, think what? TB, actinomycosis
What are some useful skin findings for PNA? erythema multiforme, maculopapular rash, erythema nodosum, erythema gangrenosum
What are some useful mouth findings? Dental caries, herpes simplex
What are some useful Ear findings? Bullous myringitis
If you find some neurological deficit and its pointing to PNA, what do you think? Aspiration
Created by: villagejoker