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Chapter 12

Vocab Review

pharmacogenomics A field of study that defines the hereditary basis of individual differences in absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion (the ADME processes).
adverse drug reaction (ADR) An unintended side effect of a medication that's negative or in some way injurious to a patient's health.
anaphylactic shock A potentially fatal hypersensitivity reaction producing severe respiratory distress and cardiovascular collapse.
drug resistance The reduction of an antibiotic's effectiveness.
idiosyncrasy An unexpected reaction the first time a drug is taken, generally due to genetic causes.
acute viral hepatitis An inflammatory condition of the liver caused by viruses.
cirrhosis A chronic liver disease causing loss of function.
hyperthyroidism A condition in which thyroid hormone secretions are above normal; an overactive thyroid.
hypothyroidism A condition in which thyroid hormone secretions are below normal; an underactive thyroid.
antidote A drug that antagonizes the toxic effect of another.
potentiation When one drug with no inherent activity of its own increases the activity of another drug that produces an effect.
synergism When two drugs with similar pharmacological actions produce greater effects than the sum of individual effects.
drug-diet interactions When elements of ingested nutrients interact with a drug and the affects the disposition of the drug.
Created by: Ms.little1