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Female Reproductive

LOM chapter 8 Vocabulary

adnexa uteri Fallopian tubes, ovaries, and supporting ligaments.
amnion Innermost membranous sac surrounding the developing fetus.
Bartholin glands Small mucus-secreting exocrine glands at the vaginal orifice (opening to outside of the body).
cervix Lower, neck-like portion of the uterus.
chorion Outermost layer of the two membranes surrounding the embryo; it forms the fetal part of the placenta.
clitoris Organ of sensitive erectile tissue anterior to the opening of the female urethra.
coitus Sexual intercourse; copulation.
corpus luteum Empty ovaran follicle that secretes progesterone after release of the egg cell; literally means yellow (luteum) body (corpus).
cul-de-sac Region in the lower abdomen, midway between the rectum and the uterus.
embryo Stage in prenatal development from 2 to 8 weeks.
endometrium Inner, mucous membrane lining of the uterus.
estrogen Hormone produced by the ovaries; promotes female secondary sex characteristics.
fallopian tube One of a pair of ducts through which the ovum travels to the uterus.
fertilization Union of the sperm cell and ovum from which the embryo develops.
fetus Stage in development from 8 weeks to birth.
fimbriae (plural) Finger-or fringe-like projections at the end of the fallopian tubes.
follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) Secreted by the pituitary gland to stimulate maturation of the eggs cell (ovum).
gamete Male or female sexual reporductive cell; sperm cell or ovum.
genitalia Reproductive organs; also called genitals.
gestation Period from fertilization of the ovum to birth.
gonad Female or male reproductive organ that produces sex cells and hormones; ovary or testis.
gynecology Study of the femal reproductive organs including the breasts.
human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) Hormone produced by the placenta to sustain pregnancy by stimulating (-tropin) the mother's ovaries to produce estrogen and progesterone.
hymen Mucous membrane partially or completely covering the opening to the vagina.
labia Lips of the vagina; labia majora are the larger, outermost lips, and labia minora are the smaller, innermost lips.
lactiferous ducts tubes that carry milk within the breast.
luteinizing hormone (LH) Hormone produced by the pituitary gland; promotes ovulation.
mammary papilla Nipple of the breast. A papilla is any small nipple-shaped projection.
menarche Beginning of the first menstrual period during puberty.
menopause Gradual ending of menstruation.
menstruation Monthly shedding of the uterine lining. The flow of blood and tissue normally discharged during menstruation is called the menses (Latin mensis means month).
myometrium Muscle layer of teh uterus.
neonatology Branch of medicine that studies the disorders and care of the newborn (neonate).
obstetrics Branch of medicine concerned with pregnancy and childbirth.
orifice An opening.
ovarian follicle Developing sac enclosing each ovum withint the ovary. Only about 400 of these sacs mature in a woman's lifetime.
ovary One of a pair of female organs (gonads) on each side of the pelvis. Ovaries are almond-shaped, about the size of large walnuts, and produce egg cells (ova) and hormones.
Ovulation Release of the ovum from the ovary.
ovum (plural: ova) Egg cell; female gamete.
parturition Act of giving birth.
perineum In females, the area between the anus and the vagina.
pituitary gland Endocrine gland at the base of the brain. It produces hormones to stimulate the ovaries.
placenta Vascular organ that develops in the uterine wall during pregnancy. It serves as a communication between maternal and fetal bloodstreams.
pregnancy Condition ina female of having a developing embryo and fetus in her uterus for about 40 weeks.
progesterone Hormone produced by the corpus luteum in the ovary and the placenta of pregnant women.
puberty Point in the life cycle at which the ability to reproduce begins; secondary sex characteristic appear and gametes are produced.
uterine serosa Outermost layer surrounding the uterus.
uterus Hollow, pear-shaped muscular female organ in which the embryo and fetus develop, and from which menstruation occures. The upper portion is the fundus; the middle portion is the corpus; and the lowermost, neck-like portion is the cervix.
vagina Muscular, mucosa-lined canal extending from the uterus to the exterior of the body.
vulva External female genitalia; includes teh labia, hymen, clitorus, and vaginal orifice.
zygote Fertilized egg cell.
Created by: murielsclark