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patho chap 1 slides

organization of the body from chemicals to the whole organism chemicals-cells-tissues-organs-systems-organism
11 body systems: integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous, endocrine, cardiovascular, lymphatic, respiratory, digestive, urinary, and reproductive systems
body system: protect, support and movement integumentary, skeletal, and muscular systems
body system: coordination and control nervous and endocrine systems
body system: circulation and immunity cardiovascular and lymphatic systems
body systems: energy supply and fluid balance respiratory, digestive and urinary systems
body systems: production of offspring reproductive system
3 components of negative feedback loops? sensor, control center, and effector
superior above
inferior below
anterior (ventral) front
posterior (dorsal) back
medial toward the midline
lateral away from the midline
proximal near the point of origin
distal away from the point of origin
3 planes in which the body can be cut? frontal (coronal), sagittal, transverse (horizontal)
planes of divisions-section names cross section, longitudinal section, oblique section
Body is divided into 2 main cavities? dorsal cavity and ventral cavity
dorsal cavity has 2 subdivisions: cranial cavity-contains the brain/spinal cavity- encloses the spinal cord
ventral cavity has 2 main subdivisions separated by the diaphragm: thoracic cavity and abdominopelvic cavity
thoracic cavity is further subdivided into: pericardial cavity, pleural cavity, and mediastinum
abdominopelvic cavity is further subdivided into: abdominal cavity and pelvic cavity
abdomen is divided into 9 regions: epigastric, umbilical, hypogastric, hypochondriac (left & right), lumbar (left & right), iliac or inguinal (left & right)
abdomen is divided into 4 quadrants LUQ, RUQ, LLQ, RLQ
3 central regions of the abdomen? epigastric, umbilical, hypogastric
3 left and right lateral regions of the abdomen? hypochondriac, lumbar, iliac (inguinal)
dis- apart, away from
-logy study of
path/o disease
physi/o nature, physical
-tomy cutting, incision of
ana- upward, again, back
cata- down
extra- outside of, beyond
home/o same
intra- within
stat, -stasis stand, stoppage, constancy
Created by: disney2000