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Chapter 2 Part D

Terms for Describing Body Position

Superior or Cephalic More toward the head, or above another structure. Example: The adrenal glands are superior to the kidneys
Inferior or Caudal More toward the feet or tail, or below another structure. Example: The intestine is inferior to the heart
Anterior or Ventral More toward the front or belly-side of the body. Example: The navel is located on the anterior surface of the body.
Posterior or Dorsal More toward the back or spinal cord side of the body. Example: The posterior wall of the right kidney was excised.
Medial Refers to the middle or near the middle of the body or the structure. Example: The heart is medially located in the chest cavity
Lateral Refers to the side. Example: The ovaries are located lateral to the uterus.
Proximal Located nearer to the point of attachment to the body. Example: In the anatomical position, the elbow is proximal to the hand.
Distal Located farther away from the point of attachment to the body. Example: The hand is distal to the elbow.
Apex Tip or summit of an organ. Example: We hear the heart beat by listening over the apex of the heart.
Base Bottom or lower part of an organ. Example: On the X-ray, a fracture was noted at the base of the skull.
Superficial More toward the surface of the body. Example: The cut was superficial.
Deep Further away from the surface of the body. Example: An incision into an abdominal organ is a deep incision.
Supine The body lying horizontally and facing upward. The patient is in the supine position for abdominal surgery.
Prone The body lying Horzontally and facing downward. The patient is placed in the prone position for spinal surgery.
Cephalic The entire head
Nasal region Nose
Buccal Region Cheek
Oral Region mouth
Otic region Ear
Cervical region neck
Trunk the body, exclusive of head and limbs. The trunk consists of thorax, abdomen and pelvis.
Abdomen The portion of the trunk between the thorax and the pelvis. The abdomen contains the abdominopelvic cavity and viscera (internal organs)
Viscera Internal organs
Dosum The back or posterior surface of the trunk
Epigastric region Abdominal region lying between the hypochondriac regions and above the umbilical region.
gluteal region Pertaining to the buttock (buttocks are rounded projections posterior to the hips)
Hypochondriac Region The inferior part of the abdomin, just aboe the external genital organs. Also called the pubic region.
Lumbar region The middle lateral region of the abdomen on either side of the umbilical region.
Perineum The region between the genital area and the anus in both sexes.
Thorax The portion of the trunk between the base of the neck and the diaphragm that contains the thoracic cavity and internal organs (viscera) within this cavity (lungs, heart, esophagus, trachea, and aorta).
Umbilical region the centermost abdominal region (between the right and left lumbar regions).
Umbilicus The medical term for navel (the depressed point in the middle of the abdomen; a scar that marks the former attachment of the umbilical cord of the fetus).
Vertebral region the spinal column (formed by the vertebrae, sacrum and tailbone).
Upper limbs Upper extremities
Axillary region Armpit
Brachial region arm
Carpal region wrist
Dectyl finger or toe (plural, dactyls)
Lower limbs lower extremities
Calcaneal Region Heel
Crural Region Leg or thigh
Dorsum top of foot
patellar region anterior knee
plantar region sole of foot
tarsal region ankle
Created by: Goodaytoyou