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History of Medicince

Mrs. Driscoll

Isolated radium in 1910 Marie Curie
Established the patterns of heredirty Gregory Mendel
Developed a vaccine for smallpox in 1796 Edward Jenner
Described the circulation of blood to and from the heart William Harvey
Began public health and sanitation systems Romans
Discovered X rays 1895 William Roentgen
Father of medicine, developed an organized system Hippocrates
Discovered penicillin in 1928 Sir Alexander Fleming
Artist who used dissection to draw the human body Leonardo da vinci
Emphasis was placed on saving the soul and study of medicine was prohibited Dark ages
Founded american red cross in 1881 Clara Barton
Earliest people known to maintain accurate health records Egyptians
Began pasteurizing milk to kill bacteria Louis Pasteur
developed culture plate method to identify pathogens Robert Koch
Founder of modern nursing Florence Nightingale
Began using disinfectants and antiseptics during surgery Joseph Lister
Created the first mercury thermometer Gabriel Fahrenheit
Developed the polio vaccine in 1952 Jonas Salk
An Arab physician who began the use of animal gut for suture material Rhazes
When did most advances in medicine happen? 20th Century
Discovered bifocals Benjamin Franklin
What did ancient people think was the cause of disease and illness? Supernatural spirits and demons
4 things Hippocrates stressed to help the body heal itself Good diet, fresh air, cleanliness, and exercise
What is the Rod of Aesculapius? Greek symbol associated with medicine and healing
In the dark ages, what was the main method used to treat illness and disease? Monks and priests stressed prayer to treat illness and disease
4 diseases that shortened the life span in the middle ages smallpox, typhoid, tuberculosis, malaria
Why was dissection a major advance? Physicians could now view body organs and see the connections between different systems in the body
What was the significance of the invention of the microscope in 1666? This allowed physicians to see organisms that are too small for the human eye
What did apothecaries use to make many of the medications in the 17th century? plants and herbs
Why was the invention of the stethoscope in 1819 important? This invention allowed physicians to listen to internal body sounds, increased knowledge of the human body
4 woman who made important contributions to the advance of health care in the 19th century Clara Barton, Florence Nightingale, Dorthea Dix, Elizabeth Blackwell
used acupuncture to relieve pain and congestion Chinese
Created by: audreymklein