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Rome module

Humanities 1010 RODP Module 3

Who were Romulus and Remus? Legendary twins, raised by a she-wolf, who founded Rome.
What is the significance of the Romans' use of concrete? Although they may have borrowed it from the Etruscans, the Romans used concrete in construction techniques, enabling them to build more substantial structures.
What is the keystone? In an arch, it is the center top stone.
What is an oculus? Literally, the eye; the opening, as in the top of the Pantheon, that let sunlight into the building.
Who was Constantine? The emperor who moved the capitol of the Roman empire from Rome to Constantinople.
What was republican Rome? From about 509-31 BCE, when the government consisted of consuls and the senate.
What was the Roman senate? An assembly of decision-makers that came from aristocratic families.
Who were the patricians? The Roman upper class.
Who were the plebeians? The Roman commoners, represented by tribunes.
What was the Forum? The open space at the foot of the Palatine and Capitoline hills where people assembled to discuss matters of the day.
Who was Octavius/Octavian? Nephew of Caesar named as his heir and the first ruler of the Roman Empire. Known as Octavius in early years, Octavian later, and by the name Augustus when he became emperor.
Who was Marc Antony? Caesar's lieutenant who battled Octavian for control and was defeated.
Who was Brutus? Caesar's assassin.
What is the Ara Pacis? The Altar of Peace depicting the sacrifice by Aeneas, built by Augustus.
What was an aqueduct? Structure to carry water into public fountains and baths and the homes of the wealthy. Considered a monumental feat of engineering.
What is a basilica? The building that signifies the seat of a bishop's area of oversight. Constantine built one in Rome.
What happened at Pompeii? Mt. Vesuvius erupted and buried this city in volcanic ash. Its discovery and excavation have yielded exciting insights into everyday life in an ancient city.
What is The Aeneid? The story of the Trojan prince Aeneas, written by Vergil in honor of Rome and Augustus.
What were some of the causes of the collapse of the Roman Republic? Territorial expansion, the growth of the middle class, the struggle for power between Marc Antony and Octavius
Created by: bburke