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HLHS 101 Ch3

Integumentary System SOAP Terms

Abrasion scraping away of skin
Albinism lack of pigment in skin causing patient to look white
Albino a person afflicted with albinism
Alopecia baldness
Anhidrosis lack of sweating
Comedo a hair follicle that is plugged with sebum (black head/white head)
Cyanidrosis blue sweat
Depigmentation loss of pigmentation
Dermatlgia skin pain
Dermatoydynia skin pain
Dermatolysis loose skin
Erythema redness
Erythroderma red skin
Hemathidrosis sweating blood
Hidropoiesis the formation of sweat
Hyperhidrosis excessive sweating
Hyperkerotosis excessive growth of horny skin
Hypermelanosis excessive melanin in the skin
Hyperpigmentation excessive pigment in the skin
Hypohidrosis diminished sweating
Hypomelanosis diminished melanin in the skin
Hypopigmentation diminished pigment in the skin
Leukoderma white skin
Macerate to soften the skin
Onychophagia eating or biting the nails
Pruritus an itch
Rhytidermia wrinkled skin
Sebopoiesis formation of oil (sebum)
Seborrhea discharge of oil (sebum)
Trichomegaly abnormally thick hair
Urticaria swollen raised itchy areas of the skin
Xanthoderma yellow skin
Xeroderma dry skin
Xerosis condition of dryness
Macule, Macula (freckle) small flat discolored area
Patch (Vitiligo) large, flat discolored area
Papule a small solid mass
Plaque a solid mass on the surface of the skin
Nodule a solid mass that extends deeper into the skin
Tumor a larger solid mass
Vesicle a small blister
Bulla a larger blister
Pustule a puss-filled blister
Abscess a localized collection of pus in the body
Erosion loss of skin
Ulcer a sore
Excoriation a scratch
Fissure a crack in the skin
Scale skin flaking off
Crust a dried substance
Vascular Lesion wounds related to blood vessels
Cherry Angioma a small blood vessel tumor
Telangiectasia (Spider Angioma) the overexpansion of the end of a blood vessel (called spider angioma because of how it looks on the skin)
Petechia a small bruise
Ecchymosis a larger bruise
Cicatrix (plural form: Cicatrices) scar
Keloid overgrowth of scar tissue
Epidermal Tumors tumors on the skin
Nevus mole
Dysplastic Nevus a mole with bad changes/formations (often precancerous)
Verruca wart
Culture and Sensitivity (C & S) growing microorganisms in isolation in order to determine which drug it might respond to
Biopsy (Bx) removal of tissue in order to examine it (with your own two eyes)
Excisional Biopsy removal of an entire lesion for examination (to cut it out)
Incisional Biopsy removal of a portion of a lesion for examination (to cut into it)
Dermatoscope instrument used to look at the skin
Dermoscopy the procedure for looking at the skin
Adipocele a hernia filled with fatty tissue
Dermatofibroma a fibrous skin tumor
Erythrocyanosis a red and/or blue discoloration of the skin
Keratogenic causing horny tissue development
Keratosis horny tissue condition
Necrosis tissue death
Onychia a nail condition
Onychocryptosis an ingrown nail
Onycholysis the loss of a nail
Onychomalacia abnormal softening of a nail
Onychopathy nail disease
Onychophagia eating/biting the nail
Pachyderma tough skin
Paronychia a condition of the tissue around the nail
Steatoma a fatty tumor
Xanthoma a yellow tumor
Decubitus Ulcer bed sore
Dermatosis skin condition
Dermopathy skin disease
Eczema a red itchy rash that may weep or ooze, then become crusted and scaly
Atopic Dermatitis an unusal inflammation of the skin
Hypertrichosis excessive hair growth
Ichthyosis a condition in the skin is dry and scaly resembling fish scales
Postpartum Alopecia baldness after pregnancy
Sclerodermatitis inflammation of the skin accompanied by thickening and hardening
Scleronychia thickening and hardening of the nails
Xanthosis yellowing of the skin
Actinic Keratosis horny skin condition caused by sun exposure
Basal Cell Carcinoma cancerous tumor of the basal skin cells
Hidradenoma tumor of the sweat gland
Malignant Cutaneous Neoplasm a harmful new formation of skin tissue
Malignant Melanoma a harmful tumor of melanin cells
Squamous Cell Carcinoma cancerous tumor of squamous skin cells
Acne Vulgaris inflammation of skin follicles
Dermatomycosis a fungal skin infection
Hidradenitis inflammation of the sweat glands
Impetigo a highly contagious bacterial infection of the skin
Mycodermatitis inflammation of the skin caused by fungus
Mycosis a fungal condition
Onychodystrophy poor nourishment (and development) of the nail
Onychomycosis a fungal condition of the nail
Trichomycosis a fungal condition of the hair
Actinic Dermatitis inflammation of the skin caused by sun exposure
Dermatitis inflammation of the skin
Dermatoconiosis a skin condition caused by dirt
Seborrheic Dermatitis inflammation of the skin caused by discharge of oil (sebum)
Steatitis inflammation of fat tissue
Epidermal pertaining to the skin
Hypdermic pertaining to beneath the skin
Intradermal pertaining to inside the skin
Percutaneous pertaining to through the skin
Subcutaneous pertaining to beneath the skin
Transdermal pertaining to through the skin
Chemosurgery removal of tissue that has been destroyed using chemicals
Chemotherapy treatment using chemicals
Cryosurgery destruction of tissue through freezing
Dermabrasion rubbing or scraping away the outer surface of the skin
Electrocauterization using electricity to destroy tissue by burning it
Electrodesiccation using electricity to destroy tissue by drying it
Incision and Drainage (I & D) to cut into a wound to allow trapped infected liquid to drain
Lipectomy removal of fatty tissue
Liposuction removal of fatty tissue using a vaccum
Onychectomy removal of a nail
Onychotomy incision into a nail
Rhytidoplasty reconstruction of wrinkled skin
Autograft skin transplant taken from a different place on the patient's body
Homograft (Allograft) skin transplant taken from another member of the patient's species
Heterograft skin transplant taken from a species other than the patient's
Xenograft skin transplant taken from a species other than the patient's
Anesthetic a drug that temporarily blocks sensation
Antibiotic a drug that destroys or opposes growth of microorganisms
Antihistamine a drug that opposes the effects of histamine
Antipruritic a drug that prevents or relieves itching
Antiseptic a drug that prevents sepsis (rotting of flesh) by killing microorganisms
Created by: choover29