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Kinn's Chapter 8

Application Software computer programs designed to perform specific tasks
Artificial Intelligence the aspect of computer science that deals with computers taking on the attributes of humans, such as mimicking human thought.
Backup any type of storage that prevents the loss of files with hard disk failure
Bits the smallest units of information inside the computer, each represented either by the digits 0 or 1
Bookmark a command in a browser that marks the IP address of a web site so that it can be saved and recalled quickly without typing the entire web address
Browser software programs that allow users to view web pages on the internet
Byte a unit of data that contains binary digits, or bits
Cache special, high speed storage that either can be part of the computers main memory or a separate storage device.
CD Burner a device that can "write" data on a blank compact disk (CD) or copy data from one CD to a blank CD
Computer a machine designed to accept, store, process, and produce information
Cookies messages sent to a web browser from web server that identify users and can prepare custom web pages for them, possibly displaying their name on return to the site
Cursor a symbol on the monitor screen that shows the location of the next character to be typed
Cyberspace the nonphysical space of the online world of computer networks in which communication takes place
Database a collection of related files that serves as a foundation for retrieving information
Device Driver the program or commands given to a advice connected to a computer that enable the device to function
Digital Subscriber line (DSL) a high-speed, sophisticated modulation scheme that operates over existing copper telephone wiring system
Digital Video Disk (DVD) an optical disk that holds approximately 28 times more information than a CD, a DVD is commonly used to hold full-length movies
Disk Drives devices that load a program or a data stored on a disk into the computer
Domain Name the initial part of a URL listening
E-Commerce short for electronic commerce
E-mail short for electronic mail
Environment the state of a computers, usually determined by the programs running and hardware and software characteristics
Flash Drive a small, portable device that can carry 2 or 8 gigabytes of more of information and that plugs into a USB part
Format to magnetically create tracks on a disk where information will be stored, usually done by the manufacturer of the disk
Gigabyte (GB) approximately 1 billion bytes
Hard Copy the readable paper copy or print out of information
Hardware the physical components of the computer system, such as the central processing unit (CPU), monitor, and printer
HTML the acronym for hypertext markup language, the language used to create documents for the internet
HTTP the acronym for hypertext transfer protocol, which defines how messages are formatted and transmitted over the internet
Hub a common connection point for devices in a network with multiple ports, often used to connect segments of a local area network (LAN)
Icons pictures, often on the monitor screen that represent programs or objects
Input information entered into and used by the computer
Kilobyte (KB) approximately 1,024 bytes
Megabytes (MB) approximately 1million bytes
Megahertz (MHz) the measuring device for microprocessors
Modern short for modulator-demodulator
Multimedia the presentation of graphics, animation, video, sound, and text on a computer in an integrated way or all at once
Output information process by the computer and transmitted to monitor, printer, or other device
Personal Digital Assistant (PDA) a handheld computer capable of functions such as mobile telephony, web browsing, and media playing
Queries requests for information from a database
Router a device used to connect any number of LANS, which communicate with other routers and determine the best route between any two hosts
Scanner a device that reads text or illustrations on a printed page and can translate the information on that page into a form the computer can understand
Search Engines programs that search documents for keywords and return a list of documents containing those words
Server a computer or device on a network that manages shared network resources
Switch in networks, a device that filters information between LAN segments and reduces overall network traffic and increases speed and band width use efficiency
System Software the operating system and all utility programs that allow the computer to function and perform operations
TCP/IP the acronym for transmission control protocol/ internet protocol
Telecommunications the science and technology of communications by transmission of information from one location to another via telephone, television, telegraph, or satellite
Terabyte (TB) approximately 1 trillion bytes
URL the acronym for uniform resource locator
Virtual Reality an artificial environment presented to a computer user that feels as if it were a real environment, often involving use of special gloves , earphones, and goggles to enhance the experience
Zip Drive a small, portable disk drive primarily used for backing up information and archiving computer files.
Format to magnetically create tracks on a disk where information will be stored, usually done by the manufacturer of the disk
Format ...
Created by: mrsdancona