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Latin Vocab (Part 3)

1000 Essential Latin Words (Part 3)

QuestionAnswer
accuso, accusare, accusavi, accusatum to accuse
acer, acris, acre sharp, keen
adduco, adducere, adduxi, adductum to lead to; to induce
adficio, adficere, adfeci, adfectum to affect; to inflict
adhibeo, adhibere, adhibui, adhibitum to hold toward; to bring to; to employ
adulescens, adulescentis young
advenio, advenire, adveni, adventum to come to, arrive
adversus, adversa, adversum facing, opposite
aequum, aequi, n. level ground, a plain
aer, aeris, m. the lower air, lower atmosphere
altus, alta, altum high, deep
amicitia, amicitiae, f. friendship
amnis, amnis, m. river, stream
animal, animalis, n. animal
antea before
antiquus, antiqua, antiquum ancient, old
appareo, apparere, apparui, apparitum to become visible, appear (+dat.)
ardeo, ardere, arsi, arsurus to burn, blaze; to be inflamed
argumentum, argumenti, n. argument, proof, evidence
artus, artus, m. joint
aspicio, aspicere, aspexi, aspectum to look at, behold
bibo, bibere, bibi, -- to drink
bis twice
bos, bovis, m. or f. bull, ox, cow
brevis, breve short, small, brief
caedes, caedis, f. cutting, killing, slaughter
canis, canis, m. or f. dog
cano, canere, cecini, cantum to sing
caro, carnis, f. flesh
carus, cara, carum dear, beloved
castro, castrare, castravi, castratum to castrate, emasculate
casus, casus, m. falling, accident, chance
caveo, cavere, cavi, cautum to be on one’s guard, beware
centum hundred
certamen, certaminis, n. contest, struggle
certo, certare, certavi, certatum to contend, struggle
cesso, cessare, cessavi, cessatum to cease, be inactive, rest
cibus, cibi, m. food
cis on this side, within (+acc.)
clam secretly
clamor, clamoris, m. loud shouting
cliens, clientis, m. client
cohors, cohortis, f. enclosure, cohort
colligo, colligere, collegi, collectum to gather, collect together
color, coloris, m. color
communis, commune common, general
comparo, comparare, comparavi, comparatum to compare
condo, condere, condidi, conditum to put together, establish, found
confirmo, confirmare, confirmavi, confirmatum to strengthen, establish
coniunx, coniugis, m. or f. spouse
consentio, consentire, consensi, consensum to agree
consilior, consiliari, consiliatus sum to take counsel, consult
conspicio, conspicere, conspexi, conspectum to look at attentively, behold
consuetudo, consuetudinis, f. custom, habit
consulatus, consulatus, m. office of consul, consulship
consumo , consumere, consumpsi, consumptum to consume, devour
contemno, contemnere, contempsi, contemptum to despise, scorn
contendo, contendere, contendi, contentum to stretch, strive, struggle
contingo, contingere, contigi, contactum to touch
contio, contionis, f. assembly
converto, convertere, converti, conversum to turn around; to cause to turn
cor, cordis, n. heart
creo, creare, creavi, creatum to make, create, produce
cupiditas, cupiditatis, f. desire, lust
custodio, custodire, custodivi, custoditum to watch, defend, guard
damnum, damni, n. loss, damage, harm; a fine
decedo, decedere, decessi, decessum to depart, withdraw; to yield to (+dat.)
decimus, decima, decimum tenth
deficio, deficere, defeci, defectum to fail; to abandon
dens, dentis, m. tooth
depono, deponere, deposui, depositum to put down
descendo, descendere, descendi, descensum to sink down, descend
desero, deserere, deserui, desertum to leave, abandon
desidero, desiderare, desideravi, desideratum to long for, desire
desino, desinere, desii, desitum to cease, desist
detraho, detrahere, detraxi, detractum to draw down, drag down
dexter, dextera, dexterum right, skillful, favorable
differo, differre, distuli, dilatum to carry in different directions; to scatter
difficilis, difficile hard, difficult, troublesome
discedo, discedere, discessi, discessum to depart; to separate
disco, discere, didici to learn
dives, divitis rich, wealthy
divido, dividere, divisi, divisum to divide, separate
doleo, dolere, dolui, dolitum to be in pain, suffer, grieve
dolus, doli, m. trick, deceit; device
domo, domare, domui, domitum to tame, subdue, conquer
dulcis, dulce sweet, pleasant
edo, edere (esse), edi, esum to devour, consume
edo, edere, edidi, editum to give out, put forth
educo, educere, eduxi, eductum to lead out; to educate
effundo, effundere, effudi, effusum to pour out, pour forth
eligo, eligere, elegi, electum to pick out, choose, elect
emo, emere, emi, emptum to buy
equidem indeed
equito, equitare, equitavi, equitatum to ride (a horse)
eripio, eripere, eripui, ereptum to snatch away
erro, errare, erravi, erratum to wander
erus, eri, m. master, owner
evenio, evenire, eveni, eventum to come out, come forth; to happen
eximo, eximere, exemi, exemptum to take out, take away, remove
expedio, expedire, expedivi, expeditum to set free, to disengage
exspecto, exspectare, exspectavi, exspectatum to await, wait for
extremus, extrema, extremum outermost, last
facinus, facinoris, n. deed, act; crime
familiaris, familiare belonging to a household, domestic, familiar
fateor, fateri, fassus sum to confess, admit
fatum, fati, n. fate, destiny
feles, felis, f. cat
fido, fidere, fisus sum to trust; to confide
fingo, fingere, finxi, fictum to form, shape
finio, finire, finivi, finitum to limit, bound; to put an end to, finish
flamma, flammae, f. flame, blazing fire
fleo, flere, flevi, fletum to weep, cry
foedus, foeda, foedum foul, filthy
foedus, foederis, n. treaty, compact
fons, fontis, m. spring, fountain
fortuno, fortunare, fortunavi, fortunatum to make happy, make prosperous; to bless
forum, fori, n. market-place
frango, frangere, fregi, fractum to break
frons, frondis, f. leaf, foliage
frons, frontis, f. forehead
fructus, fructus, m. fruit; profit, income; enjoyment
frumentum, frumenti, n. corn, grain
fuga, fugae, f. flight; exile
fugo, fugare, fugavi, fugatum to put to flight, chase away
furor, furari, furatus sum to steal
furor, furoris, m. rage, madness
furtum, furti, n. theft, robbery; trick, deceit
gaudeo, gaudere, gavisus sum to rejoice, delight in
gigno, gignere, genui, genitum to bear, bring forth, produce
gradus, gradus, m. step, pace
habito, habitare, habitavi, habitatum to inhabit, dwell
herba, herbae, f. herb, plant, grass
honestus, honesta, honestum honorable, respectable
ictus, ictus, m. a blow, stroke, attack
ignoro, ignorare, ignoravi, ignoratum to be ignorant of, not to know
ignosco, ignoscere, ignovi, ignotum to pardon, forgive
imago, imaginis, f. image, copy; statue
imber, imbris, m. rain, rain-storm
impleo, implere, implevi, impletum to fill up, fill full
impono, imponere, imposui, impositum to place upon, put upon
incido, incidere, incidi, incasum to fall into, fall upon
incido, incidere, incidi, incisum to cut into, cut through
indico, indicare, indicavi, indicatum to show, make known, indicate
indico, indicere, indixi, indictum to declare publicly, proclaim
induco, inducere, induxi, inductum to lead, bring into
ineo, inire, inii, initum to go into, enter
initium, initii, n. entrance; beginning
iniuria, iniuriae, f. injustice, injury
iniurius, iniuria, iniurium unjust, wrongful
insula, insulae, f. island
integer, integra, integrum whole, complete
interdum sometimes, occasionally
interim meanwhile
invidia, invidiae, f. envy, jealously
invitus, invita, invitum unwilling, against one’s will
irascor, irasci, iratus sum to be angry (+dat.)
iuro, iurare, iuravi, iuratum to swear, take an oath
iustus, iusta, iustum just, fair
iuvo, iuvare, iuvi, iutum to help, aid; to delight, please
iuxta near, close to; equally
laboro, laborare, laboravi, laboratum to labor, work, strive
lacrima, lacrimae, f. tear
laedo, laedere, laesi, laesum to strike, knock, hurt
laetus, laeta, laetum happy, joyful
lateo, latere, latui, -- to lie hidden
legatum, legati, n. legacy, bequest
leo, leonis, m. lion
levo, levare, levavi, levatum to lift up, raise; to lighten, alleviate
levo, levare, levavi, levatum to make smooth
liberi, liberorum, m. children
libido, libidinis, f. desire, longing
libo, libare, libavi, libatus to taste; to pour out as an offering
lingua, linguae, f. tongue; language
lumen, luminis, n. light, source of light
lux, lucis, f. light, daylight
magister, magistri, m. chief, master, dictator, teacher
magistratus, magistratus, m. office, magistracy; magistrate, official
magnitudo, magnitudinis, f. greatness
mano, manare, manavi, manatus to flow, drip, trickle
maritus, marita, maritum matrimonial
maritus, mariti, m. husband, suitor
maxime very, most, especially
memini, meminisse, -- to remember
memor, memoris mindful
memoria, memoriae, f. memory, recollection
mensis, mensis, m. month
mereo, merere, merui, meritum to deserve, merit
metuo, metuere, metui, metutum to fear; to be afraid for (+dat.)
miror, mirari, miratus sum to marvel at, admire, wonder
moneo, monere, monui, monitum to remind, advise, warn
morbus, morbi, m. disease, sickness
moror, morari, moratus sum to delay
morus, mora, morum silly, foolish
mundus, mundi, m. world, universe
narro, narrare, narravi, narratus to tell, narrate, report
necessarius, necessaria, necessarium necessary, unavoidable
necessitas, necessitatis, f. necessity, inevitability
nepos, nepotis, m. grandson; nephew; descendant
nequeo, nequire, nequivi, -- not to be able, to be unable
nimius, nimia, nimium too great, too much, excessive
nix, nivis, f. snow
nonus, nona, nonum ninth
noto, notare, notavi, notatum to mark
novem nine
novo, novare, novavi, novatum to make new, renew
occupo, occupare, occupavi, occupatum to seize, occupy
occurro, occurrere, occurri, occursum to run up to, run to meet (+dat.)
octavus, octava, octavum eighth
octo eight
odi, odisse, osum to hate
odium, odii, n. hatred
oleum, olei, n. olive oil, oil
omitto, omittere, omisi, omissum to let go, let fall; to omit
omnino altogether, wholly, entirely
opinio, opinionis, f. opinion, supposition, conjecture
opto, optare, optavi, optatum to wish for, desire
ora, orae, f. border, edge, boundary; coast
orno, ornare, ornavi, ornatum to equip, furnish, adorn
paene almost
parens, parentis, m. or f. parent
pario, parere, peperi, partum to bring forth, produce
partus, partus, m. birth; offspring
pateo, patere, patui, -- to lie open, be open
patria, patriae, f. father land, native land
patronus, patroni, m. protector, patron
pauci, paucae, pauca few
paulum a little (adverb)
pecco, peccare, peccavi, peccatum to make a mistake; to do wrong, sin
pello, pellere, pepuli, pulsum to strike; to push; to drive out
perficio, perficere, perfeci, perfectum to complete, finish, achieve
permitto, permittere, permisi, permissum to allow, permit; to surrender
pes, pedis, m. foot
pius, pia, pium dutiful, loyal; holy
placo, placare, placavi, placatum to reconcile, soothe, appease
pleo, plere, pleui, pletum to fill
plerusque, pleraque, plerumque very many
poema, poematis, n. poem
poeta, poetae, m. poet
pondus, ponderis, n. weight; burden
populo, populare, populavi, populatum to lay waste, plunder; to ruin
porta, portae, f. gate
porto, portare, portavi, portatum to carry, bring
portus, portus, m. port, harbor
posco, poscere, poposci, -- to beg; to demand
praebeo, praebere, praebui, praebitum to offer, provide
praedico, praedicare, praedicavi, praedicatum to proclaim
praedico, praedicere, praedixi, praedictum to predict, foretell
praemium, praemii, n. reward, prize
praetereo, praeterire, praeterii, praeteritum to go by, pass by; to omit
privo, privare, privavi, privatum to deprive
procedo, procedere, processi, processum to proceed, advance
prodo, prodere, prodidi, proditum to give forth, put forth, bring forth
profero, proferre, protuli, prolatum to bring forth, reveal
proficio, proficere, profeci, profectum to advance, progress
proficiscor, proficisci, profectus sum to set out, start, depart
propono, proponere, proposui, propositum to put forth, propose
proprius, propria, proprium one’s own
prosum, prodesse, profui, profuturus to be useful, do good, profit
proximus, proxima, proximum nearest
publico, publicare, publicavi, publicatum to make public; to confiscate
pudor, pudoris, m. shame; modesty
puella, puellae, f. girl
putus, puta, putum pure, unmoved
quaeso, quaesere, quaesivi, quaesitum to seek; to beg
quamvis as much as you will, however much
quartus, quarta, quartum fourth
quemadmodum in what manner, how
queo, quire, quivi, quitum to be able
queror, queri, questus sum to complain
quippe certainly, indeed
quotiens how often, as often as
radix, radicis, f. root, foundation
rarus, rara, rarum loose, thin, far apart; rare
recedo, recedere, recessi, recessum to go back, retreat, retire
recens, recentis recent, fresh, young
recingo, recingere, recinxi, recinctum to loosen, to undo
regius, regia, regium of a king, royal
regno, regnare, regnavi, regnatum to rule, reign
religio, religionis, f. reverence, religious scruple, awe, superstition
remitto, remittere, remisi, remissum to let go back, send back
repeto, repetere, repetivi, repetitum to seek again, repeat
respicio, respicere, respexi, respectum to look behind, look back
revoco, revocare, revocavi, revocatum to call back, recall
rumpo, rumpere, rupi, ruptum to break, burst
ruo, ruere, rui, rutum to rush down, fall
sacrum, sacri, n. holy object, holy place
saepe often
saepes, saepis, f. hedge, fence
saevus, saeva, saevum savage, fierce
saluto, salutare, salutavi, salutatum to greet
salvus, salva, salvum safe, sound
sancio, sancire, sanxi, sanctum to consecrate, decree
saxum, saxi, n. rock, stone
secundus, secunda, secundum second, next
sedeo, sedere, sedi, sessum to sit
semel once, a single time
semen, seminis, n. seed
septem seven
septimus, septima, sepitum seventh
sero, serere, sevi, satum to sow, plant
sero, serere, serui, sertum to join together
sex six
sextus, sexta, sextum sixth
sidus, sideris, n. star, constellation
societas, societatis, f. partnership, association, alliance
somnus, somni, m. sleep
sono, sonare, sonui, sonitum to make a noise, resound
sors, sortis, f. lot, prophecy, share
spatium, spatii, n. space
summa, summae, f. highest part, top
supero, superare, superavi, superatum to go above, overcome, surpass
supplicium, supplicii, n. sacrificing, offering
surgo, surgere, surrexi, surrectum to rise, arise
suspicio, suspicere, suspexi, suspectum to look up, to respect
tango, tangere, tetigi, tactum to touch
tellus, telluris, f. earth, land
telum, teli, n. spear, javelin
tempestas, tempestatis, f. period of time, season; weather, storm
tendo, tendere, tetendi, tentum to stretch, extend
tener, tenera, tenerum soft, delicate, tender
tempto, temptare, temptavi, temptatum to try, attempt, test
ter three times
tergum, tergi, n. back
tertio for the third time, thirdly
testimonium, testimonii, n. evidence, testimony
testis, testis, m. or f. witness
timor, timoris, m. fear
tracto, tractare, tractavi, tractatum to drag; to handle
transfero, transferre, transtuli, translatum to carry across; to convey
tribuo, tribuere, tribui, tributum to assign, allot
tribus, tribus, f. division of people, tribe
umbra, umbrae, f. shade, shadow
unda, undae, f. wave
undique from all sides
universus, universa, universum all together, whole, entire
utilis, utile useful, advantageous
varius, varia, varium different, various
-ve or
ventus, venti, m. wind
vereor, vereri, veritus sum to revere, respect
vestis, vestis, f. clothing, garment
viginti twenty
vindico, vindicare, vindicavi, vindicatum to claim, demand
viso, visere, visi, visum to look at, behold
votum, voti, n. vow, prayer
vulgus, vulgi, n. the common people, the public
Created by: Carpe Diem on 2009-04-05



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