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Medical Terminology

Root words for MT

Gastr- stomach
Cardi heart
Megal- enlarged
-itis inflammation
Dermat- skin
Plast- surgical repair
Cerebr- brain
Path disease
-ectomy surgical removal
Enter- intestines
-osis any condition
-otomy cut into
Aden gland
Angi- vessel
-oma tumor
Nephr- kidney
Hepat- liver
Arthr- joint
Blephar- eyelid
-ologist Specialist in the study of
Rhin- nose
Gingiv- gum
-malacia soft
-ology The study of
Spasm involuntary contraction
-algia Pain
Crani- Skull
end- inside / within
hemi- half
-oid like
hyper- above, more than normal
cyst- sac containing fluid
chole- bile
hypo under / less than normal
-scope- observe
hyster uterus
-ostomy create an opening
para- beside / beyond
-lysis loosening / destruction
cervic- neck
chondr cartilage
cyan- blue
hem(at) blood
ost- bone
psycho- mind
lip- fat
my- muscle
lith- stone
ophthalm- eye
proct- anus
cholecyst gallbladder
cost ribs
gram record
acro extremities
rhexis burst, break
carcin cancer
penia decrease, deficiency
gen original, production
burso sac
retro backwards, behind
trip rub, friction
tripsy crushing
strept twist
desis binding
mani madness
glosso tongue
trophy development
supra above
ptosis falling
dyn pain
mast breast
rrhaphy suture , stitches
dent teeth
cephal head
auto self
epi upon
hydro- water
megalomania obsession with greatness
mania obsession
lobo- section
emesis- vomiting
contra- against, counter
-iasis condition
trans- through, across
brady- slow
-ectasis expansion, stretching
cyt- cell
odont- tooth
leuk- white
-esthesia sensation
cantho- angle at the end of the eyelid
steno- narrow, contracted
cheil- lip
-cele hernia
benign mild, not cancerous
semen- seed
celio- abdomen
erythro- red
vaso- vessel
melan- black
cauda- tail
lingua- tongue
myring- eardrum
spondyl- spinal column, vertebra
ovar egg
-centesis puncture
oto- ear
bili- bile
squam- scale
mening- membrane
cec- blind passage
macul- spot
-pexy suspension
onco- tumor
or- mouth
sub- under
spiro- coil
lacrim- tear
viscero- organ
lact- milk
onych- nail, claw
thorac- chest
pyle- gate
vesic- bladder
sphenic- wedge
myel- marrow, spinal cord
anti- against
myco- fungus
hallux- great toe
emet- vomit
physio- nature, body
bucco- cheek
palpebr- eyelid
plasia- development
rug- wrinkle, fold, crease
aur- ear
acousti- hearing
colpo- hollow, vagina
phon- voice, sound
leio- smooth
cor- heart
ren- kidney
orchi- testis
thalam- inner chamber
plexus braid
celia- eyelash
dendr- tree, branching
phleb- vein
pilo- hair
histo- tissue
stoma- mouth
tympan- eardrum
umbilic- navel
salpingo- tube
helio- sun
astr- star shaped
-asthenia weakness
facia- sheet, band
iso- equal
tarso- ankle
-tope place
pod- foot
malign- bad
adnexa- ties
ocul- eye
lapar- abdominal wall
dacry- tear
ment- mind
part- labor, bring forth
sclera- hard
somato- body
trachel- neck
sinus hollow space
hypno- sleep
sept- wall, fence
scirrh- hard
antr- cavity
-crine to secrete
dura- hard
pneum- lung
phage- to eat
phren- mind
corne- horny
plak- plate
iris- rainbow
kerat- horny
pulmo- lung
ptyal- saliva
alveol- cavity
oophor- ovary
oment- covering
sedat- quiet, calm
furca- fork-shaped
radic- root
radi- ray
fistul- pipe
edema swelling
dactyl- finger, toe
metabol- change
pariet- wall
ependym- wrapping
gravid pregnant
aer- air
glyco- sweet
tarso- 2 framework of the eyelid
cheir- hand
calc- heel, stone
cine- move
digit finger, toe
dors- back
gangli- swelling
gemin- twin
grad- walk, take steps
gran- grain, particle
labi- lip
micr- small
peps- digest
pleur- rib, side
mamm- breast
colla- glue
later- side
rachi- spinal column
phob- fear
phot- light
dys- bad
cut- skin
en- in
peri- about, around
pro- in front of, before
mechano- machine
dynam- power
osmo- odor
traumat- wound
trich- hair
maxill- upper jawbone
an-, a- without, not
phak- lens
pre- in front of, before
strict- draw tight
turbin- shaped like a top
ameb- change
semi- half
neo- new
hormone excite
therm- heat
syn-, sym- together
vuls- twitch, pull
post- after
metr- uterus
tegument- covering, skin
pan- all
poly- many
ramus- branch
neuro- nerve
thromb- lump, clot
ab- away from, not
-plegia paralysis
ante- before
thel- nipple
ex- out, away from
lein- spleen
tumor swelling
vestibule entrance
puer- child
sarc- flesh
proli- offspring
macro- large
lal- speech
intra- within
inter- between
infra- beneath
cryo- cold
mal- bad
glom- ball
tens- stretch
spas- pull, draw
somni- sleep
pharmac- drug
lumbo- loins
arter- artery
appendic- appendix
thyro- thyroid
splen- spleen
ovario- ovary
adreno- adrenal gland
basi- base
pelvi- pelvis
vena- vein
urethr- urethra
utero- uterus
sacro- sacrum
pharyng- pharynx
duodeno- duodenum
ureter- ureter
laryng- larynx
bronch- bronchus
col- colon
esophage- esophagus
bi- two, double, both
tri- three
ile- ileum
ili- ilium
lig- ligament
therap- therapy
ventr- front
vert- turn
eu- good
ambi- both
amphi- around, on both sides
brachy- short
capit- head
cau- burn
class- break
duct- tube
fiss- split
ger- old
heter- other
infer- under
hom- same
olfact- smell
orth- straight
gyn- female
pachy- thick
phrag- fence
poster- back part
cata- down
platy- flat
pseud- fake
schiz- split
proxim- nearest
scol- curved
apo- away from
di- twice
dia- through
eury- broad
pect- chest
necr- dead
mi- less
morph- form
dis- apart
fac- make, do
lept- slender
lymph- watery fluid
meta- beyond
rrhag- burst, burst forth
sta- stand
ton- stretch
volv- to roll
splanchn- internal organs
rrhe flow
med- middle
xer- dry
per- throughout
blast- bud
Created by: amyjohnson913