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LOM Chapter 5

Language of Medicine 7th edition

pernial Pertaining to surrounding the anus.
appendectomy Removal (resection) of the appendix.
appendicitis Inflammation of the appendix.
buccal mucosa The mucous memvrane (mucosa) lining of the cheek.
cecal Pertaining to the cecum.
celiac Pertaining to the abdomen.
cheliosis Abnormal condition of the lip.
cholecystectomy Removal of the gallbladder.
choledochotomy Incision of the common bile duct.
colostomy New opening of the colon to the outside of the body.
colonic pertaining to the colon.
colonoscopy Process of visual examination of the colon.
dentibuccal pertaining to the tooth and cheek.
duodenal Pertaining tot he duodemum (first part of the small intestine).
enterocolitis Inflammation of the small and large intestines.
enterocolostomy New opening between the small and large intestines (literally, the middle of the intestines).
parenteral Pertaining to apart from the intestines (refers to delivery of substances anyway other than through the digestive tract).
esophageal Pertaining to the esophagus.
facial pertaining to the face.
gastronomy New opening into the stomach through the abdominal wall. This may be necessary to introduce food into the stomach.
gingivitis Inflammation of the gums.
hypoglossal Pertaining to the ring of muscles between the ileum and the cecum
ileitis Inflammation of the ileum.
ileostomy New opening of the ileum.
ilestomy New opening of the ileum to the outside of the body.
choledochojejunostomy New opening between the common bile duct and the jejunum; anastomosis
gastrojejunostomy new opening between the stomach and the jejunum; anastomosis
labial Pertaining to the lip.
laparoscopy Visual examination of the stomach.
sublingual Pertaining to under the tongue
submandibular Pertaining to under the lower jaw.
orthodontist Dentist specializing in straightening teeth.
periodontist Dentist specializing in gums
endodontist Dentist specializing in operating within the tooth. (root canal specialist).
oral Pertaining to the mouth
palatoplasty Surgical repair of the palate.
pancreatitis Inflammation of the pancreas.
peritonitis Inflammation of the peritoneum.
pharyngeal Pertaining to the throat
proctologist Surgical specialist in the anus and rectum.
pyloroplasty Surgical repair of the pyloric sphincter.
rectocele Hernia of the rectum
sialadentitis Inflammation of salivary.
sigmoidoscopy Visual examination of the sigmoid.
stomatitis Inflammation of the mouth.
amylase Enzyme that digests starch.
biliary Pertaining to bile.
hyperbilirubinemia Exvess bilirubin in the blood.
cholelithhaisis Abnormal condition of gall stones.
achlorhydria Lack of hydrochloric acid
glyconeogenesis Production of new sugar from proteins and fats (by the liver).
hyperglycemia High blood sugar.
gycogenolysis Breakdown of glycogen to form sugar (glucose).
lipoma Tumor of fat (benign)
cholecystolithiasis Condition of stones in the gallbladder.
protease Enzyme that digests protein.
sialolith salivary (gland) stone.
steatorrhea Discharge of fats (in feces)
lipase Enzyme to digest fats
Hematochezia Bright red blood in the feces.
choledocholithiasis Condition of stones in the common bile duct.
postprandial Pertaining to after meals.
Created by: gosomonoro