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History of China

Review for quiz on Chinese history

Dynasty after which China was named Qin
Name one of the accomplishments of Chinese civilization silk weaving, paper, printing, gunpowder, compass
Name one of the geographic features which separates China from the rest of the world Taklimakan and Gobi desets, Plateau of Tibet Pacific Ocean
China's name for itself Middle Kingdom
China's name for everyone who was not Chinese Barbarians or Foreign Devils
Name one of the two non-Chinese dynasties which ruled China Mongols (Yuan Dynasty) or Manchus (Qing Dynasty)
Man-made waterway connecting northern and southern China Grand Canal
Man-made structure which protected northern China from invasion Great Wall
Area in Beijing reserved for the Emperor, his family, and advisors Forbidden City
European who visited China for 20 years and then wrote a book about his travels Marco Polo
Chinese emperor who Marco Polo advised Kublai Khan
What was the only port open to European trade in China? Canton
War fought between Great Britain and China from 1839-1842 Opium War
What was the treaty which ended the war between Britain and China? Treaty of Nanking
British item of trade which Chinese government wished to stop Opium
Areas in China where foreign governments exercised political and economic control in early 1900's Spheres of influence
Policy proposed by John Hay which would allow all nations equal trade access in China Open Door Policy
Chinese party which wanted China to become a republic (democracy) Nationalist Party
First ruler of the Republic of China Sun Yat-sen
Military leader who subdued Chinese warlords and united China in 1928 Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese leader who wanted communism rather than democracy for China Mao Zedong
Journey of Mao and his followers to Northern China in 1934 Long March
Mao's plan for economic reform which created People's Communes throughout the country Great Leap Forward
It's goal was to destroy the "Four Olds" and establish a new society Cultural Revolution
Group of young radicals devoted to Mao and the Cultural Revolution Red Guard
Mao Zedong's book of sayings which was required reading for all during the time he ruled China Little Red Book
Following Mao's death this group wanted to continue the Cultural Revolution Gang of Four
Following Mao's death the leader who wanted to modernize China Deng Xiaoping
System of agricultural reform which allowed farmers to keep and sell any crops produced in excess of the quota paid to the government Contract responsibility system
One of the Four Modernizations proposed by Deng Xiaoping agriculture, industry, science and technology, defense
In 1989 pro-democracy protests were held in this public square in Beijing Tienanmen Square
Chinese philosopher and thinker who felt that a well ordered society depended on respect for the ruler as well as obedience to the ruler. Confucius
Chinese civil servants passed a rigorous exam to become advisors to the emperor. These civil servants, who wore long robes were called ___ Mandarins
Created by: dfred