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body structures

Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity ascites
Abnormal accumulation of fluid within tissue spaces edema
Abnormal fibrous band that holds or binds together tissues that are normally separated adhesion
Any fungal infection in or on the body mycosis
Biopsy in which the entire lesion is removed excisional
Biopsy in which only a small sample of the lesion is removed incisional
Body defense against injury, infection, or allergy marked by redness, swelling, heat, pain, and sometimes, loss of function inflammation
Cellular structure that provides a specialized function, such as the nucleus (reproduction), robosomes (protein synthesis, Gogli apparatus (removal of material from the cell), and lysomsomes (digestion) organelle
Computed tomography records the positrons (positive charged particle) emitted from a radiopharmaceutical to produce a cross-sectional image of metabolic activity of body tissues to determine the presence of disease positron emission tomography
Death and decay of soft tissue, usually caused by circulatory obstruction, trauma, or infection gangrene
Delivery of fluids directly into to blood stream via a vein for treating varous disorders; also called IV therapy infusion therapy
Destruction of tissue by electricity, freezing, heat, or corrosive chemicals cauterize
General observation of the patient as a hole progressing to specific body areas inspection
Gentle application of the hands to a specific structure of body area to determine size, consistency, texture, symmetry, and tenderness of underlying structures palpation
High-frequency sound waves (ultrasound) are directed at soft tissue and reflected as "echoes" to produce and image on a monitor of an internal body structure; also called ultrasound, sonography and echo ultrasonography
Hole that completely penetrates a structure perforation
Imaging technique in which an x-ray emitter rotates around the area to be scanned and a computer measures the intensity of transmitted x-rays from different angles; formerly called computerized axial tomography computed tomography
Incision made to allow the free flow or withdrawl of fluids from a wound or cavity incision and drainage
Inflammation of the peritoneum, the serous membrane that surrounds the abdominal cavity and covers its organs peritonitis
Laboratory test, usually performend on serum, to evaluate various substances to determine whether they fall within a normal range blood chemistry analysis
Listening to the heart, bowel and lungs with or without a stethoscope to assess the presence and quality of sounds ascultation
Molecule that holds genetic information capable of replicating and producing an exact copy whenever the cell divides deoxyribonucleic acid
Muscular was that divides the thoracic cavity from the abdominopelvic cavity diaphragm
Panel of blood tests used as a broad screeening test for anemias, infection, and other diseases complete blood count
Pathological state, usually febrile, resulting from the presence of microorganisms or their products in the bloodstream sepsis
Pertaining to a fever; also called pyretic febrile
Producing or associated with the generation of put suppuration
Protrusion of any organ through the structure that normally contains it hernia
Radiological technique that integrates computed tomography and a radioactive material (tracer) injected into the bloodstream to visualize blood flow to tissues and organs single photon emission computed tomography
Removal of a part, pathway, or function by surgery, chemical destruction, electrocautery, freezing, or radio frequency ablation
Removal of a representative tissue sample from a body site for microscopic examination, usually to establish a diagnosis biopsy
Removal of part or all of a structure, organ, or tissue resection
Scraping of a body cavity with a spoon-shaped instrument called a curette currettage
Sequence of procedures disigned to evauate the health status of a patient assessment techniques
Series of blood tests used to evaluate a specific organ (liver panel) or disease (anemia panel) organ-disease panels
Structural component of the nucleus, somposed of nucleic acids and proteins chromatin
Sudden breaking or busting of a structure or organ rupture
Sum of all physical and chemical changes that take place in a cell or an organism metabolism
Surgical joining of two ducts, vessels, or bowel segmanets to allow flow from one to another anastomosis
Surgical procedure used to replace or compensate for a previously implanted device or correct an undesirable result or effect of a previous surgery revision
Tapping a structure with the hand or fingers to assess consistency and the presence or absence of fluids within the underlying structure percussion
Technique in which a radioactive material (radiopharmaceutical called a tracer is introduced into the body (inhaled, ingested, or injected) and a specialized camera (gamma camera) is used to produce images of organs and structures nuclear scan
Technique in which x-rays are passed through the body or area and captured on a film to generate an image; also called x-ray radiography
Technique that uses radio waves and a strong magnetic field, rather than an x-ray beam, to produce highly detailed, multiplanar, cross-sectional views of soft tissues magnetic resonance imaging
Threadlike structures within the nucleus composed of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) that carries hereditary information encoded in genes chromosome
Use of a high intensity laser light beam to remove diseased tissues, stop bleeding blood vessels, or for cosmetic purposed laser suregery
Visual examination of a body cavity or canal using a specialized lighted instrument called an endoscope endoscopy
anteroposterior AP
biopsy Bx, bx
complete blood count CBC
computed tomography CT
incision and drainage I&D
lateral LAT, lat
left lower quadrant LLQ
left upper quadrant LUQ
magnetic resonance imaging MRI
positron emission tomography PET
rheumatiod factor RF
right lower quadrant RLQ
right upper quadrant RUQ
single photon emission computed tomography SPECT
symptom SX
treatment Tx
upper and lower U&L, U/L
ultrasound, ultrasonography US
Created by: briunicorns