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Vital Signs

Blood Pressure, Temperature, Pulse, and Respirations

Korotkoff Sounds The sounds you listen for when taking someones blood pressure
Systolic Represented by the top number
Diastolic Represented by the bottom number
Normal BP Age: 1 Month 85/54
Normal BP Age: 1 year old 95/65
Normal BP Age: 6 year old 105/65
Normal BP Age: 10-13 year old 110/65
Normal BP Age: 14-17 120/75
Normal BP Age: 18 and older Less than 120/80
T/F BP decreases with age False. BP increases with age
BP for Pre-hypertension 120-139/80-89
BP for Hypertension Stage 1 140-159/90-99
BP for Hypertension Stage 2 160 and higher/100 and higher
Normal Oral Temperature Range 97-99 *F
Low Grade Fever Oral Temp. 99.1-100.4
Switch temp. from oral to rectal Add 1
Switch temp. from oral to temporal Add 1
Switch temp. from oral to axillary Subtract 1
Switch temp. from oral to ear (aural) Remains the same
How is body temp. maintained? Through balance of the heat produced in the body and the heat lost form the body.
Factors that cause body temp. variation drinking, eating, age, emotional status, pregnancy, diurnal variation (during sleep), environment, and normal body temp.
How is body heat produced? Voluntary and involuntary muscle function, peristalsis, heart beat, shivering, and cell metabolism
Radiation Transfer of heat in waves
How is body heat lost? Perspiration, sleeping, urine, water vapor from the lungs, radiation, conduction, and convection
Name 9 Pulse sites 1) Temporal 2) Carotid 3) Apical 4) Brachial 5) Femoral 6) Radial 7) Popliteal 8) Dorsalis Pedis 9) Ulnar
Mechanism of a pulse The force of the blood through the artery through he contraction of the ventricle
Pulse Rhythm Pulse rhythm denotes the time interval between heart beats
Pulse Volume Pulse volume refers to the strength of the heart beat
Infant-1 year old Normal Pulse Range 120-160bpm
Toddler: 1-3 years old Normal Pulse Range 90-140bpm
Preschool: 3-5 years old Normal Pulse Range 80-110bpm
School: 6-12 years old Normal Pulse Range 75-105pbm
Adolescent-Adult: 13-60 Normal Pulse Range 60-100pbm
Over age 60 Normal Pulse Range 67-80pbm
T/F Women tend to have a lower pulse than men False - Women have a higher pulse than men do
Pulse ________ as we age Decreases
List the factors that affect a pulse Age (older, lower - younger higher), gender (women > men), physical activity - higher, emotional state (fear, anxiety, anger - higher), metabolism, pregnancy, and medications
What is the minimum time a pulse should be counted to asses BPM 30 seconds
Pulse Ox Measures saturation of peripheral oxygen
Pulse Ox % 95% or higher for all patients
Can cardiac problems affect Sp02 Yes
Sp02 Peripheral capillary oxygen saturation: estimation of oxygen saturation level
Normal Respiratory Rate 12-20 respirations per minute
Respiratory Rhythm Rhythm is the time between each breath
Respiratory depth Depth is the strength of your breath or how deep you breath
Hyperventilation Very fast paced breathing
Hypopnea Abnormally slow or shallow breathing
Hyperpnea Increased breathing depth
Dyspnea Short of Breath
Created by: Dott