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Module 3

UA 1 -- Chapter 21 & 31 Test Review

Physical Therapy (PT) Use modalities to improve or restore function
Occupational Therapy (OT) Help Pts perform ADLs
Modalities Heat, Cold, Water, Massage, Exercise
Activities of Daily Living (ADLs) OT assists Pts in basic self-care tasks such as: bathing, brushing teeth, hair, dressing, etc.
Range of Motion (ROM) PT assists Pts to regain function.
Thermotherapy Dry or moist heat applied to increase circulation, relax muscles, relieve pain and muscle spasms, increase flexibility.
Vasodilation Dilates blood vessels to accelerate tissue metabolism (with use of heat)
Moist Heat Hot Compress, soaked hot packs, hot soaks, paraffin baths
Dry Heat Heating pads, hot packs, hot water bottles (105°f - 110°f)
Cryotherapy Dry or moist cold applied to constrict blood vessels and induce contractions of involuntary muscles, produce numbing effect. (most effective w/in first 48 hrs)
Vasoconstriction Constricts blood vessels to induce muscle contractions (with use of cold)
Moist Cold Cold Compress, ice massages
Dry Cold Ice bags, commercial ice packs, chemical ice packs
Hydrotherapy Circulating water used to treat injuries such as Whirlpools
Risk factors for Osteoporosis Sedentary lifestyle, smoking, menopausal women (note: low B complex would NOT be a risk factor)
Strain Injury to muscles and tendons due to overuse/over exertion
Sprain Trauma to ligaments; more severe than strain but may also include muscles and tendons
Ambulation Ability to walk and move about freely
Open Fracture Open or compound (bone protrudes through the skin)
Closed Fracture Closed or simple (skin remains in tact)
Open Reduction Requires surgery to repair broken bone
Closed Reduction Bone can be manipulated without surgery
Signs of Dislocation Swelling, deformity, pain, tenderness
Ambulatory Assistive Devices Canes, walkers, crutches
Walkers Most stable ambulatory assistive devices
Cane Must be used on the strong side of the body; NOT on the side of injury
Crutches Must be properly fitted for Pt with axillary bar set 2-3 fingertips below axilla (armpit) and elbow at 20-30° angle
Bone Scan Uses radiation to visualize and evaluate for bone cancers or other pathogenic conditions
Kidney, Urine, Bladder (KUB) Pt is placed in Supine position (on their back)
Dosimeter Badge worn by all personnel who work near radiation to monitor exposure
Excessive exposure to radiation Can lead to decrease in WBC and RBCs, cancers, burns, fetal complications, tissue damage
What is used as a protective barrier against radiation? Lead -- in walls, aprons, gloves
Angiogram Examination of blood vessels
CT Scan Thin Cross sectional image
Contrast Mediums Liquids, Iodine, Gases (CO2, O2)
Which diagnostic imaging equipment does not use radiation? MRI and Ultrasound
Ultrasound cannot see through bone so which condition might you be able to view? Gal stones
Radiation treatment is used to treat Inoperable tumors, partially remove tumors, target malignant cells without harming healthy cells.
Created by: monkmaroni