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Ch7 Socials Exam

European Renaissance

Who were the Medicis? The most famous, influential, and powerful family in Italy during the Renaissance. They were an important part of the country's cultural and political life for over 3 centuries.
How did the Medicis make their fortune? Sold wool, silk, and were bankers.
Which Medici took control over Florence and in what year? Cosimo de Medici took control over Florence in 1434.
Who was Machiavelli? Florentine writer Nicolo Machiavelli was born in 1469. Worked as civil servant and diplomat for Republic of Florence. When the Republic was overthrown, Nicolo's enemies exiled him. Humanist- made "The Prince".
Who was Francesco Petrarch? Italian writer and poet. One of the first Humanists. Spent lots of time and money collecting and correcting ancient manuscripts. Known as "The Renaissance Man"
Who was Leonardo da Vinci? (1452-1519) Highly skilled. Painter, inventor, engineer, scientist. First to design helicopter, tank, parachute, and flying machine.
Who was Michelangelo? Greatest artist of High Renaissance (1475-1564). Apprenticed to master at 13. Best sculptor in Italy, created masterpieces (David).
Who was Savonarola? Spellbinding preacher of Dominican Order. Dedicated life to reforming corruption in church and society. Preached against Pope Alexander VI.
Who was Galileo? Galileo Galilei born in Pisa, Italy in 1564. Interested in astronomy and physics. Made many discoveries including that the Earth revolves around the Sun.
Who was Artemisia Gentileschi? Born in Naples in 1593. Achieved fame and independence through art. Made Judith slaying Holofernes- intense, illuminated light.
Who was Lorenzo the Magnificent? Cosimo's grandson. Ruler of Florence from 1469-1492. Most famous Medici. Poet and musician. Son-Giovanni (Pope Leo X)
Who was Giotto di Bondone? Developed rule of proportion. From Florentine.
Who was Filippo Brunelleschi? From Florentine. Discovered law of perspective. Allows artists to add depth to pictures. 3D.
Created by: samreenm