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MED 104 Mrs.D

Flash Cards Chapters 5 & 6

aliment- nourishment
alimentary pertaining to the digestive tract
bari- weight
-atric treatment
digest- breakdown
gastr/o- stomach
-enter/o- intestine
-intestin- intestine; gut
lapar/o- abdomen in general
-scope instrument for viewing
lymph- lymph
-atic pertaining to
-script- writing; thing copied
deglutit- to swallow
elimin- throw away
delutition the act of swallowing
elimination removal of waste material from the digestive tract
ingest- carry in
-ase enzument
lip- fat
nas/o- nose
-stalsis constrict
prot/e- protein
secrete to release or give off; to separate
segment- section
gingiv- gums
mastic- chew
masticate to chew
or- mouth
palate roof of the mouth
-cusp- point
dent- tooth
-in substance; chemical compound
enamel hard substance covering a tooth
ot- ear
-lingu- tongue
mandibul- jaw
gingiv- gums
gloss/o- tongue
halitosis bad breathe
leuko- white
-plak- plate, plaque
-odont- tooth
py/o- pus
dys- difficult
phagia- swallowing
eme- vomit
hemat- blood
glottis- windpipe
esophag- esophagus
hiatus opening through a structure
larynx voice box; organ of voice production
pharynx- throat
prand- meal
-flux flow
re- back
gurgit- flood
trachea windpipe
varix dilated vein; tortuous vein
varicose characterized by or affected with varices
duodenum first part of the small intestine
duoden- twelve
fund- bottom or cul-de-sac
-chlor- green
absorpt- to swallow
muc- mucus
pylor- gate
peps- digestion
erosion shallow ulcer in the lining of a structure
pept- digest
perforat- bore through
ile/o- ileum
cec- cecum
mes- middle
-entery intestive
peritoneum membrane that lines the abdominal cavity
mucosa- lining of a cavity
villus thin, hairlike projection, particularly of a mucous membrane lining a cavity
viscus internal organ; hollow, walled, internal organ
suscept- to take up
intussuscception slippage of one part of the bowel inside another, causing obstruction
bil/i- bile
chol/e- bile
gall- bile
-stone pebble
gluc/o sugar
glyc/o sugar
hepat- liver
jaundice yellow
ascites accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity
cirrh- yellow
-osis condition
angi/o blood vessel; lymph vessel
-graphy process of recording
choledoch/o common bile duct
-crine- secrete
endocrine gland a gland that produces an internal or hormonal secretion and secretes in into the bloodstream
exocrine gland a gland that secretes outwardly through excretory ducts
pancreat- pancreas
lact/e- milk
lipid fat
constip- press together
dia- complete; through
diarrhea abnormally frequent stools
-ase enzyme
neur/o- nerve
fec- feces
defectation evacuation of feces from the rectum and anus
flatul- excessive gas
-ence forming
rect- rectum
diverticul- byroad
diverticulum pouchlike opening or sac from a tubular structure
meta- beyond
-stasis placement
polyp mass of tissue that projects into the lumen of the bowel
-cancer cancer
proct- anus and rectum
an/o- anus
anastom- join together
coagul- clotting
sigmoid/o- sigmoid colon
melena black
os- mouth
stoma artificial opening
nephr/o- kidney
ren- kidney
urea urine
urethr- urethra
ureter- ureter
urin- urine
ur/o- urinary system
perm/e- pass through
semi- half
im- not
calculus pebble; small stone
corpor/e- body
extra- outside; out of
-tripsy to crush
lith/o- stone
pyel/o renal pelvis
interstitial pertaining to the spaces between cells in a tissue or organ
an- without
-lysis to separate
olig- scanty
-cyst- bladder, cyst
-emia blood condition
enur- urinate
mictur- pass urine
micturate pass urine
void to empty; to evacuate urine or feces
cyst- bladder
-pexy surgical fixation
idi/o- personal, distinct
incontinence inability to prevent discharge of urine or feces
-pub- pubis
-gram a record
-grade going
Created by: tdeborde