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MED104 Mrs. D

Flash Cards Chapters 1 & 2

gynec- female
dermat- skin
arthr- joint
respir- to breathe
gastr- stomach
-enter- intestine
pneum- air
-thorax chest
root foundation of medical terms or core element of any term; usually of Greek or Latin origin; one or more is found in most medical terms
elements individual parts
prefix the beginning of some words
suffix the ending of some words
combining vowel vowel that joins a root to another root or to a suffix; "o" is the most common; "a", "i", and "u" are used less frequently.
-tory relating to
-logy study of
-logist one who studies
-itis inflammation
-scopy visual examination
cardi- heart
combining form combination of a root and a combining vowel
gynecologist medical specialist in the care of the female reproductive system
respiratory relating to respiration or breathing
gastroenterology medical specialty concerned with the function and disorders of the stomach, intestines, and associated organs
apex tip or summit
patent open or exposed
toxin poison
lymph clear spring water; clear, shimmering fluid collected from the body tissues
breech buttocks
ilium bone in pelvis
ileum segment of the small intestine
ureter tube from the kidney to the bladder
urethra tube from bladder to the outside
trapezius muscle in the back
trapezium bone in the wrist
malleus small bone in the middle ear
malleolus bony protuberance at the ankle
neurology study of the diseases of the nervous system
urology study of the diseases of the kidney and bladder
-desis fixation
-plasty surgical repair
-oma tumor, mass
-uria urine
-dialysis to separate
-chezia pass a stool
-crit to separate
-gram record
-graph instrument for recording
-lysis destruction
-philia attraction
-ptysis spit
-rrhage to flow profusely
-rrhoid to flow
-centesis surgical puncture
-ectomy surgical removal
-rrhaphy surgical suture
-stomy surgical formation of an opening
-tomy surgical incision
-tripsy crushing
hemat- blood
rhin- nose
herni- hernia
trache- trachea
lith- stone;calculus
-algia pain
-ectasis dilation
-edema accumulation of fluid in tissues
-emesis vomiting
-genesis form,produce
-osis abnormal condition
-pathy disease
-penia deficiency, lack of
-phobia fear of
-stenosis narrowing
arteri- artery
peri- around
endo- inside, inner
epi- above, over, upon
hypo- below
ante- before, forward
anti- against
circum- around
exo- outside, outward
hyper- above, excessive
inter- between
intra- inside, within
para- adjacent, alongside
peri- around
post- coming after, behind
pre- before
retro- backward
supra- above, excessive
trans- across, through
ultra- higher, beyond
bi- two, twice, double
brady- slow
di- two
eu- normal
hemi- half
macro- large
micro- small
mono- single, one
multi- many
pan- all
poly- excessive
primi- first
quadri- four
tachy- rapid
tri- three
uni- single, one
ab- away from
ad- toward
ante- coming before, in front of
sub- under
syn- coming together
vert tilt
cost- rib
sound sound waves
-iatry treatment, specialty
-ician expert, specialist
-icle small, minute
-ist expert, specialist
-istry medical specialty
-ole small, minute
-ule small, minute
pulmonary pertaining to the lungs
cardiac pertaining to the heart
append- appendix
Created by: tdeborde