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Geography

Geography Final Exam

TermDefinition
Tectonic Plates Large Moving Pieces of the Earth's crust
Ring of Fire a zone of tectonic activity (volcanos, earthquakes) around the pacific Rim
Earthquake Violent movement of the earth cause when tectonic plates grind or slip past each other
Tsunami a giant wave usually caused by an undersea earthquake
Volcano an opening, or rupture, in he planet's surface of crust, which allows hot magma, volcanic ash and gases to escape from hot spots below the earth's surface.
Convergent Boundary Boundary where tectonic plates come together causing subduction zones and folding (Which can create mountain ranges)
Weathering the chemical or physical process that breaks down rock
Erosion the process in which the Earth's surface is worn down by the power of wind, water, or ice and the weathered material is carried away.
Silt fine sand, clay or other material carried by running water and deposited.
Artic the polar region located north of the Arctic circle (66 North Latitude) where for a time in the summer the sun never sets and in the winter it never rises.
Temperate Zone is the zone around the equator (between the Tropic of Cancer and Capricorn) which receives the most direct rays of sunlight.
Mid Latitude Anyone of the climate zones in the Mid latitude with a mild climate.
High Latitude A place that is extreme north or south, near the poles
Low Latitude A place that is in the middle of the Northern or Southern hemisphere, between the tropics and the artic.
Equinox A place that is in the center of the geographic grid near the equator.
Monsoon the transfer of heat in the atmosphere, this circulation causes winds that help distribute the sun's heat across the globe.
Tropics a current of warm water from the tropics that creates mild conditions in Europe.
Prevailing Winds global wind that blow in fairly constant patterns
North Atlantic Draft Seasonal Winds in the tropics that can cause either wet or dry conditions.
Convection A reversal of the ocean currents and water temperatures off the coast of South America that naturally every 3-7 years for reasons that are not fully understood. Fish stocks are greatly reduced as a result.
a dry area with little precipitation and sparse vegetation and sparse vegetation
Semiarid Longest and shortest days of the year (occurs in the winter and summer) June and December 21st twice a year
El Nino the days and nights all over the world are equal in length. The equinox mark the beginning of spring and autumn. September and March 21st
Biome A regional ecosystem that contains plants an animals that are specially adapted to the regional climate.
Savannah A flat, treeless arctic region in which only mosses and lichen adapted to the cold dry weather can survive.
Tundra Permanently frozen subsoil
Permafrost refers to a coniferous forest found in cold climates, for example the Taiga in Russia
Steppe Broadleaf trees that lose their leaves
Rainforest a tropical grassland that can support large herds of animals, found in Tropical Wet/Dry Climate.
Deciduous Scrub vegetation (short trees and shrubs) growing in Mediterranean climate zones that is drought resistant
Boreal Forest a forest with an abundance of rainfall year round resulting in a great quantity/ variety of plat life.
Canal an artificial waterway constructed to allow the passage of ships.
Polder a section of a waterway with closed gates where water levels are raised and lowered , through which ships can pass.
Drip Irrigation to supply land with water by artificial means, as by diverting streams, flooding , or spraying.
Terraced Farming an ancient technique for growing crops on a mountain side
Domestic to adapt plants and animals from the wild to make them useful for People
conservation the protection or carefully planned use of a resource, for example the protection of an endangered species or planned usage of fossil fuels.
Suitable Development technological and economic growth that does not deplete the resources of an area
Drip Irrigation the practice of using small pipes that slowly drip just above the ground to conserve water.
Desalinization the removal salt from ocean water
Desertification the creation of desert like conditions, usually caused by a combination of overgrazing, soil erosion, drought, and climate change.
Cyclone a tropical storm with fierce winds and heavy rains that forms in the Indian Ocean
Typhoon a tropical storm with fierce winds and heave rains that forms in the Pacific Ocean
Storm surge a high water level brought by a tropical storms that floods low lying area.
Runoff rainfall that is not absorbed by the soil which can carry pesticides ad fertilizers from fields into rivers and the water supply.
Global warming a build-up of Carbon Dioxides in the atmosphere, preventing heat from escaping into space and causing rising temperatures and shifting weather patterns.
Polder Land that has been reclaimed from the sea
Dam a barrier constructed typically along a river to hold back water, the resulting reservoir can be used as a water supply or to produce hydroelectric power.
Birth rate the number of live births per 1000 people in the population
Death rate the number of deaths per 1000 people in the population
Created by: spotsville2