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Female Reproduction

Test Review

ovulation follicles move to the surface of ovary, rupture and release the ovum
ovulation phase days 6 to 16 endometrium thickens estrogen level rises ova mature ovulation occurs
Three parts of uterus fundus - rounded part body - central part cervix - opens to vagina
three stages of labour and childbirth dilation - begins with contractions expulsion - birth of baby placenta - placenta is discharged
external genitilia vulva, labia (minora and majora), clitoris, bartholin glands and mons pubis
functions of estrogen and progestrone maintain pregnancy, growth of placenta, start menstruation & menopause, develop secondary sex glands
internal organs fallopian tubes, vagina, uterus and ovaries
what is an embryo conception to 3 months
what is a fetus 3 months to birth
dysmenorrhea menstrual pain
endometriosis endometrial tissue in areas outside uterus
menarchy initial period
menorrhagia bleeding during regular menstruation; bursting forth of menses
metrorrhagia irregular bleeding before menstruation or after menopause
PID pelvic inflammatory disease
vaginitis inflammation of the vagina
what type of infection is candidiasis yeast infection
when is menopause diagnosed? once amenorrihea has persisted for one year
where are Bartholin glands located outside the vagina
where does fertilization take place? fallopian tubes
three phases of mentrual cycle menstrual, ovulatory and post ovulatory
ovaries almond shaped glands
uterine fibroids benign uterine tumors
pregnancy condition which a fertilized ovum develops in the uterus
papanicolaou test detects abnormal cells in the cervix
conization excision of cone-shaped piece of tissue
lumpectomy excision of small breast tissue
mastectomy excision of entire breast
pseudocyesis false pregnancy
galactorrhea flow of milk
cryosurgery freezing of tissue to destroy cells
sterility inability to become pregnant
oxytocics increases strength and frequency of contractions
cervicitis inflammation of cervix
gestation length of time from conception to birth
choriocarcinoma malignant neoplasm of the uterus
pelvimetry measurement of the pelvis
eclampsia most serious form of toxemia
os mouth or opening
vagina muscular tube from the cervix to the outside
gynecologist one who specializes in the study of the female
uterus organ that contains and nourishes the embryo until birth
dyspareunia pain during sex
placenta previa placenta attached near cervix
abruptio placentae premature separation of the placenta
tubal ligation tying of the fallopian tubes
lactation production of milk
mammography radiographic exam of breasts
HSG (hysterosalpingography) radiographic exam of the uterus and uterine tubes
kernicterus serious condition involving mental retardation, jaundice and brain damage
pruritus vulvae servere itching of the female genitilia
colpocleisis surgical closure of the vagina
mammoplasty surgical reconstruction of the breasts
colporrhaphy suture of the vagina
cerclage suture of the cervix
prostaglandins terminate pregnancy
abortion termination of pregnancy
menopause end of menstruation
estrogens treat symptoms of menopause through Hormone Replacement Therapy
antifungals treat vaginal yeast infections
laparoscopy visual examination of abdominal cavity
colposcopy visual examination of vagina and cervix
leukorrhea white vaginal discharge
Dilatation and Curettage widening of cervix and scraping
nullipara woman who has never produced viable offspring
AB abortion
BSE breast self-exam
CA cancer
CS, c-section cesarean section
CVS chorionic villus sampling
CWP childbirth without pain
D&C dilatation and curettage
DUB dysfunctional uterine bleeding
FECG, FEKG fetal electrocardiogram
FHR fetal heart rate
FHT fetal heart tone
FSH follicle-stimulation hormone
FTND full-term normal delivery
G gravida
GYN gynecology
HCG human chorionic gonadotropin
HRT hormone replacement therapy
HSG hysterosalpingography
IUD intrauterine device
IUGR intrauterine growth rate
IVF in vitro fertilization
IVF-ET in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer
LBW low birth weight
LH luteinizing hormone
LMP last menstrual period
LSO left salpingo-oophorectomy
OB obstetrics
OCPs oral contraceptive pills
Pap papanicolaou (test)
para 1,2,3 unipara, bipara, tripara
PIH pregnancy induced hypertension
PMS premenstrual syndrome
sono sonogram
STD sexually transmitted disease
TAH total abdominal hysteretomy
TRAM transverse rectus abdominis muscle (flap)
TVH total vaginal hysterectomy
UC uterine contractions
US ultrasound
Created by: amcarron13