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Stack #223632

Common Drugs - Overall (w/ Nursing responsibilities)

QuestionAnswer
acetaminophen (Tylenol) ANALGESIC. Antipyretic. May be given w/o food. Monitor pain/fever. TOXIC DOSE: 4 gm/24 hrs.
aspirin (ASA, Bayer) ANALGESIC. NSAID. Take with food. Dose for analgesia: 325-350 mg q 4-6 hrs.
propoxphyene/acetaminophen (Darvocet N) ANALGESIC. Opiate agonist + acetaminophen. Monitor pain, RR, constipation. Comes in varying strengths.
hydrocodone/acetaminophen (Vicodin) ANALGESIC. Opiate agonist + acetaminophen. Monitor pain, RR, constipation. Comes in varying strengths.
codeine/acetaminophen (Tylenol #2,3,4) ANALGESIC. Opiate agonist + acetaminophen. Monitor pain, RR, constipation. Comes in varying strengths of codeine. #2=15 mg, #3=30 mg, #4=60 mg.
meperidine (Demerol) ANALGESIC. Opiate agonist. For moderate-severe pain. Monitor pain level, RR, N&V, constipation.
morphine sulfate ANALGESIC. Opiate agonist. For severe pain. Monitor pain level, RR, N&V, constipation.
fentanyl transdermal (Duragesic) ANALGESIC. Transdermal patch. Opioid agonist. Mgmt of chronic pain/CA pts. Monitor pain level, RR, N&V, constipation.
fluoxetine (Prozac) ANTI-DEPRESSANTS. Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor (SSRI). Monitor depression, suicidal ideation, anxiety, insomnia, nausea.
sertraline (Zoloft) ANTI-DEPRESSANTS. Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor (SSRI). Monitor depression, suicidal ideation, anxiety, insomnia, nausea.
citalopram (Celexa) ANTI-DEPRESSANTS. Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor (SSRI). Monitor depression, suicidal ideation, anxiety, insomnia, nausea.
diazepam (Valium) ANXIOLYTIC. Benzodiazepine. Monitor for relief of anxiety, sedation. Monitor CBC.
lorazepam (Ativan) ANXIOLYTIC. Benzodiazepine. Monitor for relief of anxiety, sedation. Monitor CBC.
alprazolam (Xanax) ANXIOLYTIC. Benzodiazepine. Monitor for relief of anxiety, sedation. Monitor for depression. Monitor CBC.
amoxicillin (Amoxil, Trimox) ANTIBIOTIC. Penicillin. Monitor infection and watch for super infection. GI upset (take with food if develops). Caution for seizures in high doses. Monitor CBC.
cephalexin (Keflex) ANTIBIOTIC. Cephalosporin. Monitor infection and watch for super infection. GI upset (take with food if develops). Caution with cross rxn in pts w/ PCN allergy.
azithromycin (Zithromax, Z-Pak) ANTIBIOTIC. Macrolide. Monitor infection and watch for super infection. GI upset, diarrhea common. Monitor CBC.
ciprofloxacin (Cipro) ANTIBIOTIC. Flouroquinolone. Monitor infection and watch for super infection. Take on empty stomach. Montior CBC. Watch for GI upset.
levofloxacin (Levaquin) ANTIBIOTIC. Flouroquinolone. Monitor infection and watch for super infection. Take on empty stomach. Montior CBC. Watch for GI upset.
sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim (Bactrim/Septra) ANTIBIOTIC. Sulfa +. Monitor infection. Check label carefully DS=Double Strength. Monitor for hypersensitivity, rash and DC if develops. Take with lots of water.
asprin-low dose (ASA, Ecotrin) ANTI-COAGULANT. NSAID, but in low dose (81-325 mg Qday) used to prevent MI/CVA. Give with food. Monitor CBC.
warfarin (Coumadin) ANTI-COAGULANT. Monitor for bruising/bleeding. Avoid concurrent NSAIDs. Monitor CBC, PT and/or INR, LFTs. Advise pt to avoid Vit K rich diet.
heparin ANTI-COAGULANT. No PO formulation. IV or Sub cut ONLY. Never give IM. Monitor for bruising/bleeding. Avoid concurrent NSAIDs. Monitor CBC (platelets), PTT, INR.
enoxaparin (Lovenox) ANTI-COAGULANT. Low molecular weight heparin. Used for prevention of PE/DVT after surgeries. Monitor CBC (platelets). Sub cut form only. do NOT expel air bubble in pre-filled syringes.
phenytoin (Dilantin) ANTI-CONVULSANT. Raises seizure threshold. Monitor for seizures. Monitor LFTs. Check phenytoin level.
phenobarbital (Luminal) ANTI-CONVULSANT (sedative hypnotic, anxiolytic). Raiss seizure threshold. Monitor for seizures, sedation. Monitor LFTs. Check phenobarb level.
digoxin (Lanoxin) CARDIOVASCULAR. Cardiac glycoside. Slows and strengthens heart. Assess AP before dose. Hold if <60 or >110. Montior K+ level.
nitroglycerin (Nitrobid) CARDIOVASCULAR. Nitrate/antianginal. Monitor BP. Check with MD if SBP <110. Avail in many forms. Check route.
isosorbide (Isordil) CARDIOVASCULAR. Nitrate/antianginal. Monitor BP. Check with MD if SBP <110.
clonidine (Catapres) CARDIOVASCULAR. Antihypertensive. Monitor BP. Check with MD if SBP <110.
lisinopril (Zestril) CARDIOVASCULAR. Antihypertensive. ACE inhibitor. Monitor K+ level. Assess for dry cough. Monitor BP. Check with MD if SBP <110. Monitor for sudden drop in BP w/in 3 hrs of initial dose.
benazepril (Lotenson) CARDIOVASCULAR. Antihypertensive. ACE inhibitor. Monitor K+ level. Assess for dry cough. Monitor BP. Check with MD if SBP <110. Monitor for sudden drop in BP w/in 3 hrs of initial dose.
captopril (Capoten) CARDIOVASCULAR. Antihypertensive. ACE inhibitor. Monitor K+ level. Assess for dry cough. Monitor BP. Check with MD if SBP <110. Monitor for sudden drop in BP w/in 3 hrs of initial dose.
diltiazem (Cardizem) CARDIOVASCULAR. Antihypertensive / Antiarrhythmic. Calcium channel blocker. Monitor BP. Check with MD if SBP <90 and DBP <60 or AP <60.
amlodipine (Norvasc) CARDIOVASCULAR. Antihypertensive / Antiarrhythmic / Antianginal. Calcium channel blocker. Monitor BP. Check with MD if SBP <90 and DBP <60 or AP <60.
atenolol (Tenormin) CARDIOVASCULAR. Antihypertensive / Antianginal. Beta blocker. Slows HR and lowers BP. Monitor BP and AP. Hold if AP<60. Check with MD if SBP <110.
propanolol (Inderal) CARDIOVASCULAR. Antihypertensive / Antianginal. Beta blocker. Slows HR and lowers BP. Monitor BP and AP. Hold if AP<60. Check with MD if SBP <110.
metoprolol (Lopressor) CARDIOVASCULAR. Antihypertensive / Antianginal. Beta blocker. Slows HR and lowers BP. Monitor BP and AP. Hold if AP<60. Check with MD if SBP <110.
hydrochlorothiazide HCTZ (Hydrodiuril) DIURETIC. Thiazide diuretic / Antihypertensive. K+ wasting, expect to give with K+ supplement. Monitor for edema/dehydration. Check weight frequently. Monitor BP and K+ levels for hypokalemia. Consider holding if SBP<90.
Created by: slichly on 2009-03-25



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