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Yr 9 WW1 study

In what years did WW1 start and end? It was from 1914-1918
What started WW1? The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinard
Who was Archduke Franz Ferdinard shot by? Gavrillo Princip
Who was Archduke Franz Ferdinard? The heir to the throne of the Austro- Hungarian Empire
when did Archduke Franz Ferdinard die? June 28th, 1914
How long after Archduke Franz Ferdinard assassination was WW1 declared? 1 month after, Austria declared war on Serbia
Who were the central powers? Germany, Austro-Hungarian empire, Bulgaria and the Turkish Ottoman empire.
what were the 2 main groups fighting against each other called? allies and the central powers.
What was WW1 also called? The great war.
Who were the allies? British,France and Russia.
what does AIF stand for? Australian imperial force
When did the first soldiers land on the beaches of Gallipoli? Morning of 25th April 1915
How many soldiers died on the 25th of April? around 2,300
About how many men in each battalion were killed by the start of may? Half the men in each battalion had been wounded or killed.
what happened on the night of 18-19 may? Anzacs withstood a massive counterattack as 42,000 turks were ordered to drive them from their positions and back into sea.
what was the truce the Anzacs and turks arrange? that both sides could bury their dead before the battle resumed.
How many soldiers died on the 25th of April? around 2,300
what does no mans land mean? unoccupied ground between the front lines of opposing armies.
what happened on the night of 18-19 may? Anzacs withstood a massive counterattack as 42,000 turks were ordered to drive them from their positions and back into sea.
Did the turks succeed? n o they lost 10,000 men, half of them lay dead or wounded in no man land.
what happened when the heat of summer came? swarms of flies came in bringing in heaps of diseases such as tyhpoid and dysentery.
What is the lone pine? it was one of the most savage battles of gallipoli
How many australians were killed or wounded during the lone pine? 2300 in four days
how many men did the turks loose? about 6000
who fought in the lone pine battle? Australians charged at the turks.
What happened after 7 months of fighting? the British command finally accepted the victory would not be possible.
How were trenches usually designed? in a zigzag pattern
what were trench toilets called? latrines
what did the field workers do? cook and supply the food for the troops
how many did the British army employ to be field workers? 300,000
what was the standard bulk diet for troops? bully beef (canned corned beef), bread and biscuits.
what were one of the most deadliest weapons? machine guns
what is no mans land? The space between the 2 opposing trenches.
what is mustard gas? almost an odourless gas and took 12 hours to take effect, and once in the soil it would stay active for several weeks.
how did troops protect themselves from dangerous gases? not all troops had face masks so they used urine drenched cloth to keep them from breathing in gases.
what is conscription? having no choice on going to war.
pro conscription argument . it was Australia's duty to support Britain.
pro conscription argument . voluntary recruitment had failed
pro conscription argument . other allied countries such as great Britain,
anti-conscription arguments no person had the right to send another to be killed or wounded.
anti-conscription arguments conscription would harm and divide Australia.
anti-conscription arguments to many australians had already been killed or wounded.
Created by: jess.vincent