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STNA Vocab

Alzheimers a common form of dementia of unknown cause, usually beginning in late middle age, characterized by memory lapses, confusion, emotional instability, and progressive loss of mental ability.
Abdominal Thrusts a series of rapid thrust the abdomen in an effort to clear the airway.
Ambulation walking about or moving from place to place
Anxiety a state of apprehension and psychic tension occurring in some forms of mental disorder
Aphasia the loss of a previously held ability to speak or understand spoken or written language, due to disease or injury of the brain
Arteries a blood vessel that conveys blood from the heart to any part of the body.
arthritis acute or chronic inflammation of a joint, often accompanied by pain and structural changes and having diverse causes, as infection, crystal deposition, or injury
Aseptic Free from microorganisms/bacteria
Atrophy wasting away of the body or of an organ or part, as from defective nutrition or nerve damage.
Bacteria Any of a large group of one celled organisms that lack a cell nucleus, reproduce by fission or by forming spores, and in some cases cause disease.
Bed rest medical treatment involving a period of consistent (day and night) recumbence in bed. It is used as a treatment for an illness or medical condition, especially when prescribed or chosen rather than resulting from severe prostration or imminent death.
Biohazard Danger, risk,or harm from exposure to such an agent or condition
Blindness inability to see
Blood pressure the pressure of the blood against the inner walls of the blood vessels, varying in different parts of the body during different phases of contraction of the heart and under different conditions of health, exertion, etc.
Cardiac arrest abrupt cessation of heartbeat.
Cardiovascular system bodily system consisting of the heart, blood vessels, and blood that circulates blood throughout the body, delivers nutrients and other essential materials to cells, and removes waste products
Cataracts a clouding of the lens of the eye or its surrounding transparent membrane that obstructs vision.
Chronic Chronic- lasting for a long period of time or marked by frequent recurrence, as certain diseases
Congestive heart failure a condition in which the heart fails to pump adequate amounts of blood to the tissues, resulting in accumulation of blood returning to the heart from the veins, and often accompanied by distension of the ventricles, edema, and shortness of breath.
Contracture An abnormal, often permanent shortening, as of muscle or scar tissue, that results in distortion or deformity, especially of a joint of the body.
Cyanotic a bluish or purplish discoloration (as of skin) due to deficient oxygenation of the blood
Defecate Eliminating waste from the bowel
Diabetic A person with any of several metabolic disorders marked by excessive discharge of urine and persistent thirst, especially one of the two types of diabetes mellitus.
Dialysis the process by which uric acid and urea are removed from circulating blood by means of a dialyzer.
Diastolic Referring to the time when the heart is in a period of relaxation and dilatation (expansion).
Dyspnea difficulty breathing
Dysuria Painful urination
Emesis Basin Basin for vomit
Emphysema a chronic, irreversible disease of the lungs characterized by abnormal enlargement of air spaces in the lungs accompanied by destruction of the tissue lining the walls of the air spaces.
Fecal impaction An immovable collection of compressed or hardened feces in the colon or rectum.
Foley catheter an indwelling catheter used for draining urine from the bladder and having an inflatable part at the bladder end that allows the tube to be kept in place for variable time periods.
Fowlers Position An inclined position in which the head of the bed is raised to promote dependent drainage after an abdominal operation
Gait Belt a wide belt used to assist with ambulating, also known as a transfer belt
Gastronomy an opening made to the stomach for feeding
Geriatics the branch of medicine concentrated on diseases and care of aged persons.
Gerontology the branch of science that deals with aging and the problems of aged persons.
Hallucinations a false notion, belief, or impression; illusion; delusion
Hearing Impaired loss of hearing; deafness
Heimlich Manuever First aid procedure when the airway is completely obstructed
Hypertension High blood pressure
Ileostomy the construction of an artificial opening from the ileum through the abdominal wall, permitting drainage of the contents of the small intestine
Incontinence Inability to control bladder/or bowel functions
Indwelling catheter a hollow tube left implanted in a body canal or organ, esp. the bladder, to promote drainage.
Infection invasion of disease-producing microorganisms
Multiple Sclerosis a disease marked by patches of hardened tissue in the brain or the spinal cord and associated especially with partial or complete paralysis and jerking muscle tremor
Musculoskeletal system the system of muscles and tendons and ligaments and bones and joints and associated tissues that move the body and maintain its form
Nasal canal a device used to deliver supplemental oxygen or airflow to a patient or person in need of respiratory help.
Nervous System the system of nerves and nerve centers in human, including the brain, spinal cord, and nerves.
Ombudsmen a person who investigates and attempts to resolve complaints and problems, as between employees and an employer or between students and a university, or a patient and his care provider
Osteoporosis Bones become brittle and may fracture easily
Paralysis permanent/ temporary loss of movement
Paranoia Extreme, irrational distrust of others
Parkinsons disease a disorder of the brain that leads to shaking (tremors) and difficulty with walking, movement, and coordination
Personal hygiene cleanliness or grooming
Postmortem after death
Prosthesis an artificial body part
Psychological needs Self-actualization, self-esteem, love/belonging, safety, and physiological needs
Quadriplegia paralysis of all four limbs
Radial pulse The heart beat felt on the wrist
Reminiscing Recalling past experiences
Resuscitation to revive someone from being unconscious/ dead
Scabies a contagious skin disease caused by a parasitic mite (Sarcoptes scabiei) and characterized by intense itching.
Secretion a substance such as : Mucus, saliva, tears, bile, or a hormone
Seizure A disorder that may cause convulsions
Specimen a sample of body material
Systolic The highest pressure, when the heart contracts
Tachycardia A rapid heart rate, especially one that is 100 beats per minutes (in an adult)
Tendons a cord or band of dense, tough, inelastic, white, fibrous tissue, serving to connect a muscle with a bone or part; sinew.
Tympanic relating to the middle ear or eardrum
Urethral the membranous tube that extends from the urinary bladder to the exterior and that in the male conveys semen as well as urine
Vascular relating to,or containing blood vessels
Vomitus Vomited matter
White Blood Cells colorless cells in the blood that help combat infection
Created by: sloyer17