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abduction The movement of an arm or a leg away from the midline of the body
antigen Any substance that the body regards as being foreign
sphincter muscle A ring-like muscle that tightly constricts the opening of a passageway
asystole Complete lack of electrical activity in the heart
hypoxia Deficient oxygen levels in the tissues and organs
impingement syndrome A rotator cuff tendon injury
measles Highly contagious infection caused by a virus
thoracotomy A surgical incision into the chest wall to open the pleural cavity for biopsy or treatment
fasciitis Inflammation of a fascia
digitalis Digoxin - A medication that strengthens cardiac contractions and slows the heart rate
thymus gland Located above the heart
hemoptysis Expectoration of blood of bloodstained sputum
mantoux PPD skin test Administered to help detect tuberculosis
hypotonia Condition in which there is diminished tone of skeletal muscles
angioplasty The mechanical widening of a narrowed or obstructed blood vessel
allergen A substance that produces an allergic reaction
myolysis Degeneration of muscle tissue
diaphragm The dome-shaped muscle that separates the thoracic cavity from the abdomen
carcinoma in situ Means 'has not yet invaded surrounding tissues'
mitral valve The valve located between the left atrium and the left ventricle
angina Severe episodes of chest pain that occur due to inadequate blood flow to the myocardium
embolus A foreign object that is circulating in the blood
cilia The thin hairs located just inside the nostrils
frontal , sphenoid , maxillary , ethmoid The 4 pairs of paranasal sinuses
temporalis muscle Moves the lower jaw up and back to close the mouth
trapezius The muscle that moves the head and shoulder blade
valvulitis Inflammation of a heart valve
myoclonus The sudden involuntary jerking of a muscle or group of muscles
mastectomy The surgical removal of an entire breast and its nipple
pertussis AKA whooping cough - A contagious bacterial infection
stent A wire-mesh tube that is commonly placed in an artery after it has been opened
bradykinesia Extreme slowness in movement
myorrhexis The rupture or tearing of a muscle
hematologist Physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating blood disorders
axillary lymph nodes Located under the arms, in the armpits
pneumonectomy The surgical removal of all or part of a lung
bradycardia An abnormally slow resting heart rate
tenosynovitis Inflammation of the sheath surrounding a tendon
thrombocytes AKA platelets - The smallest formed elements of the blood
splenorrhagia Bleeding from the spleen
oncologist Physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating malignant disorders
hemiplegia Total paralysis affecting only one side of the body
coumadin AKA warfarin - An anticoagulant used to prevent blood clots
splenomegaly Abnormal enlargement of the spleen
neurologist Specialist who treats the causes of paralysis and similar muscular disorders
epicondylitis Inflammation of the tissues surrounding the elbow
laryngectomy Surgical removal of the larynx
atherectomy Surgical removal of plaque buildup from the interior of an artery
trachea The windpipe
varicella chickenpox
myoparesis Weakness or slight muscular paralysis
endocarditis Inflammation of the inner lining of the heart
phlegm Thick mucus secreted by the tissues lining the respiratory passages
staging The process of classifying tumors by how far the disease has progressed
laryngoscopy Visual examination of the larynx and vocal cords
epistaxis nosebleed
sarcopenia The loss of muscle mass, strength, and function that occur with aging
mammography Radiographic examination of the breasts to detect the presence of tumors
hypercapnia Abnormal buildup of carbon dioxide in the blood
cardiomyopathy All diseases of the heart muscle
tolerance An acquired unresponsiveness to a specific antigen
cyanosis Bluish discolouration of skin and mucous membranes due to lack of oxygen
aorta The largest blood vessel in the body
fascioplasty Surgical repair of a fascia
otolaryngologist AKA ENT - Specializes in disorders of the head and neck
immunologist Specializes in diagnosing and treating disorders of the immune system
bronchospasm A contraction of the smooth muscle in the walls of the bronchi and bronchioles
immunity The state of being resistant to a specific disease
mediastinum The middle section of the chest, the cavity located between the lungs
erythrocytes AKA red blood cells - transport oxygen to the tissues
myocardium The middle and thickest of the heart's layers
thoracentesis A needle puncture of the chest wall to obtain fluid from the pleural cavity
teletherapy Radiation therapy administered at a distance from the body
cardioplegia Paralysis of heart muscle
polycythemia An abnormal increase in the number of red cells in the blood
deltoid Shoulder
gastrocnemius Calf
frontalis Forehead
pectoralis major Chest
masseter Lower jaw
monocytes Provide immunological defenses
lymphocytes Identify germs and produce antibodies to target them
neutrophils Most common type of white blood cell
basophils Least common type of white blood cell
eosinophils Play a major role in allergic reactions
lymphadenopathy Any disease process of the lymph nodes
lymphedema Swelling due to excess lymph fluid within the tissues
lymphangioma Tumor formed by a collection of lymphatic vessels
lymphologist Physician who treats disorders of the lymphatic system
lymphadenitis Inflammation of the lymph nodes
larynx Contains vocal cords which produce sound during speech
pharynx Receives air that passes through the nose or mouth
trachea Transports air to and from the lungs
epiglottis Prevents food from entering the trachea and lungs
alveoli Area for oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange
bradypnea Abnormally slow rate of respiration
dyspnea Shortness of breath
apnea Absence of spontaneous breathing
tachypnea Abnormally rapid rate of respiration
eupnea Easy normal breathing
Created by: xcheymcleanx