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Medical Terminology

Chapter 5 & 6 - Digestive System Terminology

amyl/o starch
bil/i gall ; bile
bilirubin/o bilirubin (bile pigment)
bucc/o cheek
cec/o cecum (first section of large intestine)
celi/o abdomen
cheil/o lip
chlorhydr/o hydrochloric acid
chol/e gall ; bile
cholangi/o bile duct (vessel)
cholecyst/o gallbladder
choledoch/o common bile duct
col/o colon
colon/o colon
duoden/o duodenum (first section of small intestine)
enter/o intestines (usually small)
esophag/o esophagus
faci/o face
gastr/o stomach
gloss/o tongue
gluc/o sugar
glyc/o sugar
glycogen/o glycogen ; animal starch
hepat/o liver
herni/o hernia
ile/o ileum (third section of small intestine)
jejun/o jejunum (second section of small intestine)
labi/o lip
lapar/o abdomen
lingu/o tongue
lip/o fat
lith/o stone
mandibul/o lower jaw ; mandible
or/o mouth
palat/.o palate
pancreat/o pancreas
peritone/o peritoneum (double-layer membrane in abdomen)
pharyng/o throat
proct/o anus and rectum
prote/o protein
py/o pus
prylor/o pyloric sphincter
rect/o rectum
sial/o saliva ; salivary
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon (fifth section of large intestine)
splen/o spleen
steat/o fat
stomat/o mouth
uvul/o uvula
-ase enzymes
-centesis surgical puncture to remove fluid
-chezia defecation ; elimination of waste
-ectasis ; -ectasia dilation ; widening
-ectomy removal
-emesis vomiting
-emia blood condition
-genesis producing ; forming
-graphy process of recording
-iasis abnormal condition
-lysis breakdown ; separation
-megaly enlargement
-orexia appetite
-pathy disease ; emotion
-pepsia digestion
-phagia eating ; swallowing
-plasty surgically repair
-prandial meal
-ptosis droop ; sag ; fall
-ptysis spitting
-rrhage ; -rrhagia bursting forth (of blood)
-rrhaphy suture
-rrhea flow ; discharge
-scope visual examination
-spasm involuntary contraction
-stasis stoppage ; control
-stenosis narrowing ; contracting
-stomy new opening (to form mouth)
-tomy process of cutting
-tresia opening
Created by: KariTansowny