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Blood, Lymph and Immune Reverse Definitions

A hereditary disorder in which there is an impairment of the blood clotting mechanism hemophilia
A specialized plasma protein containing iron which gives blood its red colour and also carries oxygen to body tissues hemoglobin
Ability to develop an immune response or recognize antigens and respond to them immunocompetent
Abnormal accumulation of fluids in the intercellular spaces of the body edema
Abnormal activation of the proteins involved in blood coagulation, causing small blood clots to form in vessels and cutting off the supply of oxygen to distal tissues (DIC) disseminated intravascular coagulation
Abnormal decrease in platelets caused by low production of platelets in the bone marrow or increased destruction of platelets in the blood vessels, spleen or liver thrombocytopenia
Abnormal increase of iron in the blood hemosiderosis
Any disease of the lymph nodes lymphadenopathy
Any disorder caused by abnormalities in the hemoglobin molecule hemoglobinopathy
Any form of treatment that alters, enhances, stimulates or restores the body's natural immune mechanisms to treat disease immunotherapy
Bleeding disorder caused by a deficiency of von Willebrand factor, a "sticky" protein that lines blood vessels and reacts with platelets to form a plug that leads to clot formation von Willebrand disease
Blood serum that contains antibodies antiserum
Cell with a large nucleus; fragments become platelets megakaryocyte
Chemical substance produced by certain cells that initiates, inhibits, increases, or decreases activity in other cells cytokine
Chronic, progressive anemia found mostly in people older than age 50 due to lack of sufficient vitamin B12 needed for blood cell development pernicious anemia
Composed of a liquid portion called plasma, and a solid portion containing RBC's, WBC's and platelets blood
Complication that occurs following a stem cell or bone marrow transplant in which the transplant produces antibodies against recipent's organs that can be sever enough to cause death (GVHD) graft-versus-host disease
Condition of ingesting cells phagocytosis
Decrease in white blood cells leukopenia
Decrease of platelets thrombocytopenia
Decreased red blood cells erythropenia
Destroy bacteria, fungi, and protozoa, depending on the particular drug, generally by interfering with the functions of their cell membrane or their reproductive cycle antimicrobials
Destruction of a clot thrombolysis
Destruction of RBC's commonly resulting in jaundice hemolytic anemia
Destruction of red cells erythrocytosis
Difficulty breathing dyspnea
Disease of a gland adenopathy
Dissolve blood clots by destroying their fibrin strands thrombolytics
Dizziness vertigo
Embryonic WBC formed in bone marrow myeloblast
Enlargement of the spleen splenomegaly
Failure of the body to accurately distinguish between what is "self and what is "non-self" autoimmune disease
Formation of blood cells and platelets in the bone marrow hematopoiesis
Highly sensitive imaging procedure that detects lesions and changes in bone tissue and bone marrow, especially in multiple myeloma bone marrow MRI
Injection with increasing strengths of months or years to increase tolerance to an antigen responsible for severe allergies allergy injections
immature RBC reticulocyte
Inability to produce sufficient red blood cells due to the lack of folic acid, a B vitamin essential for erythropoiesis folic-acid deficiency anemia
infusion of blood or blood products from one person to another transfusion
Infusion of bone marrow or stem cells from a compatible donor after a course of chemotherapy and/or radiation also called allogenic transplant homologous BM transplant
Infusion of healthy bone marrow stem cells after the diseased bone marrow is destroyed by chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy; used to treat leukemia, aplastic anemia, and certain cancers bone marrow transplant
Infusion of the patient's own bone marrow or stem cells after a course of chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy autologous BM transplant
Inherited anemia that causes RBC's to become crescent-or sickle-shaped whey oxygen levels are low sickle cell anemia
Introduction of a radioactive tracer into the lymph channels to determine lymph flow, identify obstructions, and locate the sentinel node lymphoscintigraphy
Lack of sufficient iron in RBC's iron-deficiency anemia
Leukocyte that is phagocytic; has a large nucleus monocyte
Leukocyte that protects the body by releasing toxins to destroy harmful invaders eosinophil
Leukocyte that releases histamines and heparin; slightly phagocytic basophil
Localized accumulation of blood, usually clotted, in an organ, space, or tissue due to a break in or severing of a blood vessel hematoma
Low blood pressure hypotension
Malignant tumour of plasma cells in the bone marrow multiple myeloma
Mature red blood cell erythrocyte
Neutralize fibrinolytic chemicals in the mucous membranes of the mouth, nose and urinary tract to prevent the breakdown of blood clots antifibrinolytics
Nonspecific rapid serological test for the presence of the heterophile antibody, which develops several days after infection by Epstein-Barr virus, the organism that caused infectious mononucleosis monospot test
Obtaining blood for the purpose of testing phlebotomy
One who specializes in the study of protection immunologist
Overproduction of platelets, leading to thrombosis or bleeding disorders due to platelet malformations thrombocythemia
Pertaining to decrease of colour hypochromic
Platelet; initiates blood clotting thrombocyte
Presence of bacteria or their toxins in the blood; also called septicemia or blood poisoning sepsis
Prevent and treat bleeding disorders resulting from a lack of prothrombin, which is commonly caused by vitamin K deficiency fat-soluble vitamins
Prevent blood clot formation by inhibiting the synthesis or inactivating one or more clotting factors anticoagulants
Prevent replication of viruses within host cells antivirals
Process in which a recipient's immune system attacks a transplanted organ or tissue graft rejection
Protective protein produced by B lymphocytes in response to the presence of a foreign substance called an antigen antibody (Ab)
Rapid heart beat tachycardia
Redness of the skin erythema
Reduction in the number of circulating red blood cells anemia
Removal of a small sample of bone marrow using a thin aspirating needle for microscopic examination bone marrow aspiration
Removal of lymph nodes, especially in surgical procedures undertaken to remove malignant tissue lymphadenectomy
Removal of the first lymph node that receives drainage from cancer containing areas and the once most likely to contain malignant cells sentinel node excision
Removal/excision of the thymus gland thymectomy
Resembling bone marrow myeloid
Series of tests that includes hemoglobin; hematocrit; red and white blood cell counts; platelet count; and differential count; also called hemogram (CBC) complete blood count
Serious form of anemia associated with bone marrow failure and resulting in erythropenia, leukopenia, and thrombocytopenia aplastic anemia
Specialized lymphocytes that kill abnormal cells by releasing chemicals that destroy the cell membrane, causing its intercellular fluids to leak out Natural Killer (NK) cells
Stem cell, from which other blood cells develop hemocytoblast
Substance, recognized as harmful to the host, that stimulates formation of antibodies in an immunocompetent individual antigen
Substances derived from the breakdown of hemoglobin and excreted by the liver bile pigment
Swelling, primarily in a single arm or leg, due to an accumulation of lymph within tissues caused by obstruction or disease in the lymph vessels lymphedema
Test that measures the strength of time it takes blood clot to screen for deficiencies of some clotting factors; also called activated partial thromboplastin time (PTT) partial thromboplastin time
Test that measures the time it takes for prothrombin to form a clot; also called pro time (PT) prothrombin time
Test to determine the presence of pathogens in the bloodstream Blood culture
Test used to diagnose pernicious anemia by determining if the body properly absorbs vitamin B12 through the digestive tract Shilling test
Test to identify antibodies that attack the nucleus of the individual's own body cells (ANA) antinuclear antibody
The liquid portion of blood where blood cells are suspended plasma
The most numerous white cell, highly phagocytic neutrophil
The study of shape morphology
Thick, sticky viscous
Tissue which resembles the myelocyte of bone marrow myeloid tissue
Tumour of lymph tissue lymphoma
Type of white blood cell containing granules; formed in the red bone marrow granulocyte
Type of white blood cell without granules agranulocyte
Use of immune system stimulators to enhance the immune responsible to enhance the immune response in the treatment of certain forms of cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, and crohn disease; also called biologic therapy or biotherapy biological
Visualization of lymphatic channels and lymph nodes using a contrast medium to determine blockages or other pathologies of the lymph system lymphangiography
Widespread autoimmune disease that may affect the skin, brain, kidneys, and joints and causes chronic inflammation; also called discoid lupus if symptoms are limited to the skin (SLE) systemic lupus erythematosus
White blood cell in blood and lymphatic tissues; provides protection from bacteria lymphocytes
White blood cell; prevents invasion of foreign microorganisms leukocyte
Abnormal increase of white cells leukocytosis
Created by: brigitte1112