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Chapter 10 vocab WG

TermDefinition
AGRIBUSINESS commercial agriculture characterized by the integration of different steps in the food-processing industry, usually through ownership by large corporations
AGRICULTURAL REVOLUTION The time when human beings first domesticated plants & no longer relied entirely on hunting & gathering
AGRICULTURE The deliberate effort to modify a portion of earth's surface through the cultivation of crops & the raising of livestock for sustenance or economic gain
AQUACULTURE The cultivation of seafood under controlled conditions
CEREAL GRAIN A grass that yields grain for food
CHAFF husks of grain separated from the seed by threshing
COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURE Agriculture undertaken primarily to generate products for sale off the farm
CROP any plant gathered from a field as a harvest during a particular season
DIETARY ENERGY CONSUMPTION The amount of food that an individual consumes, measured in kilocalories (calories in the US)
GRAIN seed of a cereal grass
GREEN REVOLUTION Rapid diffusion of new agriculture technology especially new high-yield seeds and fertilizers
INTENSIVE SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE A form of subsistence agriculture in which farmers must expend a relatively large amount of effort to produce the maximum feasible yield from a parcel of land
MILKSHED The area surrounding a city from which milk is supplied
OVERFISHING capturing fish faster than they can reproduce
PADDY The Malay word for wet rice, increasingly used to describe a flooded rice field
PASTORAL NOMADISM A form of subsistence agriculture based on herding domesticated animals
PLANTATION A large farm in tropical and subtropical climates that specializes in the production of 1 or 2 crops for sale, usually to a more developed country
RIDGE TILLAGE A system of planting crops on ridge tops in order to reduce farm production costs and promote greater soil conservation
SAWAH A flooded field for growing rice
SHIFTING CULTIVATION A form of subsistence agriculture in which people shift activity from one field to another; each field is used for crops for a relatively few years and left fallow for a relatively long period
SLASH-AND-BURN AGRICULTURE another name for shifting cultivation, so named because fields are cleared by slashing the vegetation and burning the debris
SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE agriculture designed primarily to provide foot for direct consumption by the farmer and the farmers family
SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE farming methods that preserve long-term productivity of land and minimize pollution, typically by rotating soil-restoring crops with crops and reducing inputs of fertilizer and pesticides
THRESHING beating out grain from stalks
TRUCK FARMING commercial gardening and fruit farming so named "TRUCK" was a middle English word meaning "barter" or "exchange of commodities"
UNDERNOURISHMENT dietary energy consumption that is continuously below the minimum requirement for maintaining a healthy life and carrying out light physical activity
WET RICE rice planted in dry land in a nursery and then moved to a deliberately flooded field to promote growth
WINNOWING removing chaff by allowing it to be blown away by the wind
Created by: accident_prone