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SW Asia

Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Golan Heights ( Al Jawlan) hilly plateau over looking the Jordan River & the sea of Galilee
Wadi River beds that remain dry except during rainy seasons
Oasis area in the desert where vegetation is found because water is available
Salt Flats winds evaporate the moisture in the soil, chemical salts remain
Drip Irrigation system uses small pipes that slowly drips water just above ground to conserve water used for crops
Desalinization the removal of salt from ocean water
Fossil Water water pumped from underground aquifers
Crude Oil petroleum that has not been processed
Refinery converts crude oil into useful products
Islam monotheistic religion based on teachings of it's founder Muhammed
Muhammed Islam founder, lived part of his life in the city of Mecca
Mosque place of worship
Theocratic religious leaders control the government
OPEC ( Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries) help members control worldwide oil prices
Zionism a goal to reestablish a Jewish state in the Jewish homeland
PLO ( Palestine Liberation Organization) formed to regain the land of Israel for Palestinian Arabs
Guest Workers largely unskilled workers
Stateless Nation nation of people without land to legally occupy
Palestinians Arabs & their descendants who lived or still live in the area formally called the Palestine Mandate
Strategic Commodity resource so important that nations will go to war to ensure its steady supply
Human Resources skills and talents of their people
Sunni believe that Muhammad had no rightful heir and that a religious leader should be elected through a vote among the Islamic community's people
Shi'ite believe that only Allah, the God of the Islam faith, can select religious leaders, and that therefore, all successors must be direct descendants of Muhammad's family
Kurds member of a mainly pastoral Islamic people living in Kurdistan.
Bedouin nomadic Arab of the desert
Created by: ThaiAsia