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NS & Drugs

cont outline

Drugs to treat depression name 5 categories TricyclicsMonoamine Oxidase Inhibitors(MAOI's)Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors(SSRI's)Selective Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors(SNRI's)Tetracyclics
Tricyclics MOA: block reuptake of NE and 5HT therefore leaving increased levels at the synapse, also cause an increase in the amount of neurotransmitter released
Tricyclics TU: and AE: AE: dry mouth, constipation, urinary retentionTU: depression, migraine, pain control
MAOI's non-selective has a lot of foods related AE: aged meats, aged cheese, red wine
MAOI's selective these drugs have fewer side effects that non-selective MAOI's
SSRI's TU: no weight gain MOA: effective only for blocking 5HT reuptake at synapse with little or no effect on neurotransmitters. This category used for treatment of alcoholism, anorexia, bulimia
Selective norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors:SNRI MOA: inhibits NE and 5HT reuptakeAE: dry mouth, dizziness, nausea
Tetracyclics MOA: simuolar to TCA's but also affecting 5HTAE: insomnia, increased appetite
antidepressants how often can you change drugs all antidepressants have a 2 week down regulation period before trying a new category
Drugs for mania Lithium carbonate-carbolith, duralithAE: GI discomfortcarbamazine-tegretol
another name for antianxiety drugs anxiolytics or minor tranquilizers
Antianxiety TU: anxiety, tension, nervousnesssymptoms: trembline, sweating, elevated blood pressure
Panic Disorder define and a drug to treat sudden episodes of overwhelming anxiety and terrorparoxamine-paxil
Benzodiazepines MOA: it affects GABA acting as a muscle relaxant also acts on the RASNB: should not be used long term because of dependency
Non Benzodiazepines MOA: no effects on GABA, and has no muscle relaxant or sedative properties
Created by: nemonemo