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nervous system 1


Anesthetics treatment for pain with loss of consciousness or sensation
Sedatives and Hypnotics sleep disorders and relaxants
Antidepressants mood evevators
Antianxiety panic attacks, mild tranquilizers
Antipsychotic major tranquilizers
Anticonvulsants treatment for epilepsy
Antiparkinson's treatment for parkinson's
Antimigraine treatment for migraine
Stimulants and Anorexients treatment for attention and diet
Neurotransmitters name 6 of them acetylcholine ACH- major excitaroyEpinephrine E- adrenalineNorepinephrine NE-NoradrenalineDopamine DSerotonin 5HTGamma amino butyric acid (GABA)- major inhibitory
Anestetic treatment for pain with loss of consciousness
3 types of anesthetics local, regional, general
local anesthetics blocks nerve conduction in a localized areaMOA sodium ions are blocked from entering nerve membranesTU dental procedures
2 types of local anesthetics Esters/benzocaine-Ora-gel prepsAmides/lidocaine-xylocaine
regional anesthetics give into a specific area eg:spinal cord or epideralTU: childbirth, dental procedures
General anesthetics produce loss of consciousness with no response to pain (day surgury)
Sedative drug that leads to a reduction of restlessness, irritability, nervousness and causes drowsiness
Hypnotic drug that induces sleep from which one can be easily awakened from
2 sleep stages Nrem and REM
NREM non rapid eye movement, 4 stages totaling 60-90 mins
REM rapid eye movement, deprivation of REM leads to emotional problems, nightmares and hallucinations
Barbiturates oldest category, very addictive, high overdose potentialMOA depress reticular activation system
name 2 drugs that are barbituates phenobarbital-pheobarbitalsecobarbital-seconal
non-barbituates 4 types alhydratesbensodiazepinescyclopyrolonespyrazolopyrimidines
alhydrateschloral hydrate (alhydrates) used for elderly and children to relieve anxiety prior to surgeryPMS chloral hydrate Non-barbiturates
benzodiazepines two drugs reduces emotional and neural activiity, used as muscle relaxantstemazepam-restorilflurazepam-dalmane
cyclopyrolones anxiety, dependency risk is moderatezopiclone-imovane
pyrazolopyrimidines has high abuse potential in those known to abuse sedatives. zaleplon-starnoc
depression described as a chemical imbalance in the brain where neurotransmitters are affected NE(norepinephrine) and 5HT(serotonin)
2 types of depression unipolar- just depressedbipolar- depressed with episodes of mania
drugs to treat depression Tricyclics MOA- block reuptake to NE and 5HT therefore leaving increased levels at the synapseamitriptyline-elavilclomipramine-anafranil
Created by: nemonemo