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CNA Flashcards

flexed bent a joint
hemiplegia paralysis on one side of body
enema insertion of fluid into the rectum and colon
nonverbal communication any message sent w/o words; body posture, eye contact, facial gestures
objective data anything that can be seen, touched, smelled, or heard; tangible information with evidence
emesis vomit
neglect when a caregiver fails to provide treatment or services which are necessary to maintain or improve a resident's health or safety and this failure results in lack of expected improvements or noticeable deterioration of physical, mental, emotional condition
integumentary system skin is fragile, dry, wrinkly; fingernails become hard and thick and cold; more often, hair thins and grays
hypertension high blood pressure
OBRA Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act; federal law that went into effect in 1987 which guides care provided to residents in long-term care facilities
hyperglycemia high blood sugar
quadriplegia paralysis (partial/complete) of all 4 extremities; the levels at which the spinal cord is injured determines the amount of paralysis
antibiotics a drug that is able to kill bacteria or make it difficult to reproduce or grow said strain
hearing loss speak directly and maintain eye contact when speaking to client at all times to avoid miscommunication
gloves PPE that is used by the HCP/caregiver/nurse aide when performing care that requires contact with bodily fluids or infected skin diseases such as MRSA
gait belt safety device used to assist a dependent client from a bed to a chair
edema swelling
ethics a system of moral principles or standards governing conduct-doing what is right at the right time and doing no harm
Q.I.D. four times daily
making occupied bed nurse aide should raise side rail on unattended side
infection illness caused by a pathogen
dementia permanent and progressive loss of cognitive function that is irreversible
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder
log roll technique for turning pt in which the pt's body is moved in one fluid motion to keep the spine in alignment
contracture permanent shortening of muscle
bladder training behavioral modification treatment technique for urinary incontinence that involves placing pt on toiling schedule
body fluids fluids such as blood, or that of which is secreted/excreted from the body
communication imparting or exchanging of information or news
compensation the process of concealing or offsetting a psychological difficulty by developing in another direction
affected side the side you stay on when helping pt walk
NPO nothing by mouth
decubitus ulcer an area of skin that breaks down due to decreased blood flow when a client stays in one position longer than 2 hours and doesn't shift weight
falls in case: stay with resident do not move them call for help from nurse on duty complete incident report
cardiovascular system of or relating to the heart and blood vessels
call light a bedside button tethered to the wall in a pt's room, which directly signals the nurses' station; usually indicates pt has a need/perceived need requiring attn from nurse on duty
brain stem central trunk of the mammalian brain, consisting of the medulla oblongata, pons and midbrain and continuing downward to form the spinal cord
ADL activities of daily living; everyday tasks that involve personal care
adduction moving body part towards trunk of body
aspiration breathing solids or fluids into the lungs
bargaining making a deal
body alignment the optimal placement of body parts so that the bones are efficiently used, so the muscles have to do less work for same effect
colostomy bag prosthetic medical device that provides a means for collection of waste from surgically diverted biological system and creation of stoma
communicable of a disease that is able to be transmitted from one sufferer to another; contagious or infectious
DNR do not resuscitate
body systems respiratory; circulatory; gastrointestinal; urinary; musculoskeletal; nervous; endocrine; reproductive; integumentary
clear liquid diet consists of clear liquids/foods that turn liquids at room temp; ex: water, broth, clear juices; tea and coffee with no creamer
chronic of an illness persisting for a long time or consistently recurring over 6 months
charge nurse a nurse (usually RN) that is in charge of a ward in hospital
cc's in 1 oz 30 cc's
burns an injury caused by exposure to heat or flame
BP abbr. of blood pressure
abuse physical, mental, or sexual harm, exploitation or neglect
aseptic free of pathogens
bacteria disease-causing germ
biohazard biological/chemical substance or situation that is dangerous to human beings and the environment
clarification the act of making statement or situation less confusing and more comprehensible
choking occurs when an object or food becomes lodged in the throat or windpipe, blocking airflow
cerebral vascular accident stroke; sudden death of some brain cells due to lack of oxygen when blood flow to brain is impaired by blockage or rupture of an artery to brain
catheter care wash hands before procedure make sure urine is flowing into foley bag, check for kinks keep urine bag below level of bladder and heart no tugging on tubing check for signs of inflammation/infection around site clean area twice daily (BID) with water
cardiopulmonary resuscitation emergency lifesaving procedure that is done when someone's breathing/heartbeat has stopped; may happen after electrocution, heart attack, or drowning
circulation movement of blood through vessels of body that is induced by pumping action of the heart and serves to distribute nutrients and oxygen to and remove waste products from the body
chemotherapy usually refers to the use of medicines or drugs to treat cancer
cataracts Medical condition in which the lens of the eye becomes permanently opaque, resulting in blurred vision
circulatory system Organ system that permits blood to circulate and transport nutrients, oxygen, carbon dioxide, hormones, and blood cells to and from cells in body to promote nourishment and help in fighting diseases, stabilize temperature, pH, and maintain homeostasis
CHF chronic progressive condition that affects the pumping power of heart muscle; specifically referring to stage in which fluid builds up around heart causing it to pump inefficiently
central nervous system the complex of nerve tissues that controls the activities of the body; in vertebrates it comprises the brain and spinal cord
catheter flexible tube inserted through a narrow opening into a body cavity, particularly the bladder, for removing fluid
cardiac arrest Sudden, unexpected loss of heart functions, breathing, consciousness
burnout physical/mental collapse caused by overwork or stress
body temperature 98.6°F
abdominal thrusts series of rapid thrusts to the abdomen to clear the airway
aphasia difficulty using or understanding words
assault an unlawful personal attack
basic needs physical, emotional, mental, and social requirements
blood pressure the pressure of blood in the circulatory system, often measured for diagnosis since it is closely related to the force and rate of the heartbeat and diameter and elasticity of arterial walls
comfort care essential part of medical care at end of life; care that helps or soothes a person who is dying; goal is to relieve/prevent suffering as much as possible while respecting the dying person's wishes
cast care that includes checking for color, edema, motion, and temperature
confused resident give simple directions
care plan written statement of individual assessed needs identified during community care assessment
clergy body of all people ordained for religious duties, esp. in Christian church
AIDS Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, disease that attacks the immune system, preventing the body from fighting infection
cancer disease caused by uncontrolled division or abnormal growth of cells in part of the body; can be malignant or benign
alzheimer's a progressive incurable brain disease that affects memory, judgment, and personality
breathing process of taking air into and expelling it from the lungs
absorption the digestive process in which digestive enzymes and juices break down food into many materials the body utilizes
assistive device aids to help people regain lost functions
body mechanics exercises designed to improve posture, coordination, and stamina
bath water temperature 98.6°--110°F
acute a type of illness that comes suddenly and requires intense immediate treatment
combative resident mechanism a resident uses to communicate a need, want, or desire, when they cannot articulate this verbally
cognitively impaired when a person has trouble remembering, learning new things, concentrating, or making decisions that affect their everyday life
confidentiality The ethical principle or legal right that a physician or other HCP will hold secret all information relating to a pt, unless that pt gives consent permitting disclosure
fecal impaction condition that occurs when constipation is not relieved; it may require surgical intervention
advanced directives Declarations by Patients, made in advance of a situation in which they may be incompetent to decide about their own care, stating their treatment preferences or authorizing a third party to make decisions for them
agitation Also called psychomotor agitation. psychological and physical restlessness, manifested by pacing, hand-wringing, or other activity, sometimes occurring as a symptom of severe depression, schizophrenia, or other mental disorder.
abductor wedge designed to separate the legs of a patient. It is often used after hip surgery to prevent the new hip from "popping out". It can also be used to support the legs of an individual with spinal cord injury or severe physical or neurological disabilities
abnormal vital signs report to nurse ASAP
apnea A transient absence of spontaneous Respiration.
adaptive equipment Adaptive equipment are devices that are used to assist with completing activities of daily living.
addiction the state of being enslaved to a habit or practice or to something that is psychologically or physically habit-forming, as narcotics, to such an extent that its cessation causes severe trauma.
anxiety Feeling or Emotion of dread, apprehension, and impending Disaster but not disabling as with Anxiety Disorders.
angina, stable Persistent and reproducible Chest discomfort usually precipitated by a Physical Exertion that dissipates upon cessation of such an activity. The symptoms are manifestations of Myocardial Ischemia.
atrophy Decrease in the size of a Cell, Tissue, organ, or multiple organs, associated with a variety of pathological conditions such as abnormal Cellular changes, Ischemia, Malnutrition, or hormonal changes.
arteries oxygenated blood goes; away from the heart and to the body
arthritis inflammation of joints
afebrile without fever
CVA Cardiovascular accident also called a stroke
CPR abbr for cardiopulmonary resuscitation
constipation Infrequent or difficult evacuation of Feces. These symptoms are associated with a variety of causes, including low Dietary Fiber intake, emotional or nervous disturbances, systemic and structural disorders, drug-induced aggravation, and Infections.
dressing allow resident/pt to decide what they want to wear; gauze
dizziness An imprecise term which may refer to a sense of spatial disorientation, Motion of the Environment, or lightheadedness.
myocardial infarction Heart attack
Created by: DSSummers