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Lesson 5 Endocrine

Chapter 15 Endocrinology

endocrine system glands, hormones
adeno, gland
adreno adrenal gland
crin/o secrete
glyc/o sugar
acr/o extremities
toxic/o poison
acromegaly excessive growth hormone results in enlargement of bones of head and extremities
adrenal feminization development of female secondary sexual characteristics in male as result of increased estrogen secretion
adrenal virilism development of male secondary sexual characteristics in female as result of increased androgen secretion
blood serum test blood test to measure hormone levels
corticosteroids hormones secreted by adrenal cortex - anti-inflammatory action used to treat rheumatoid arthritis
cretinism congenital condition causing lack of thyroid hormones
Cushing syndrome condition resulting from hypersecretion of adrenal cortex - weakness, edema, excess hair growth, skin discoloration, osteoporosis
diabetes insipidus (DI) caused by insufficient antidiuretic hormone, polyuria and polydipsia
diabetes mellitus (DM) chronic disorder of sugar metabolism
IDDM type 1 diabetes mellitus (juvenile)
NIDDM type 2 diabetes mellitus
dwarfism being excessively short in height - can result from lack of growth hormone
exophthalmos eyeballs protrude
FBS fasting blood sugar - test to measure amount of sugar in bloodstream after 12 hour test
gigantism excessive growth of body
GTT glucose tolerance test - test for initial diagnosis of diabetes mellitus
goiter enlargement of thyroid gland
Graves disease results from hypersecretion of thyroid hormone
Hashimoto disease chronic autoimmune form of thyroiditis
hormone replacement therapy artificial replacement of hormones
myxedma hyposecretion of thyroid hormones - anemia, slow speech, swollen facial features, puffy and dry skin
pheochromocytoma usually benign tumor of adrenal medulla
radioactive iodine uptake test of thyroid function that measures how much radioactively tagged iodine is removed from bloodstream by thyroid gland
radioimmunoassay test used to measure levels of hormones in plasma of blood
tetany nerve irritability and painful muscle cramps resulting from hypocalcemia
thyroid function test blood test to evaluate thyroid function
thyroid scan test where thyroid gland is visualized with scanning device, able to detect tumors
thyrotoxicosis condition resulting from extreme hypersecretion of thyroid hormones
Created by: kducey